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From obligation to future? A diachronic sketch of the syntax and the semantics of the auxiliary verb dang ???

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In this paper the syntax and the semantics of the modal auxiliary verb dāng ??? and its diachronic development from a full verb into a modal auxiliary verb, and a future marker are at issue. It will be demonstrated that dang predominantly expresses the root modal values of obligation and necessity and that epistemic and future readings are subject to different syntactic constraints. Additionally, the data will show that although dang seems to exhibit typical features of grammaticalisation in its development from a full verb into a modal auxiliary verb and eventually into a future marker, its development differs considerably from the grammaticalisation processes proposed in the linguistic literature.

Affiliations: 1: Humboldt University Berlin GERMANY bmeisterernst@gmail.com

10.1163/1960602811X00015
/content/journals/10.1163/1960602811x00015
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/content/journals/10.1163/1960602811x00015
2011-01-01
2016-12-09

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