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Cytogenetics of the Amphipod Jassa Marmorata (Corophioidea: Ischyroceridae): Karyotype Morphology, Chromosome Banding, Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization, and Nuclear DNA Content

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Abstract Developing embryos proved to be a suitable source of cells for advanced cytological investigations on Amphipods. Conventional karyotyping, Ag- and fluorochrome-staining, C-banding, endonuclease digestion, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and nuclear DNA flow cytometric assay were tested in the Ischyroceridae Jassa marmorata. The karyotype consists of 6 chromosome pairs of which 5 are metacentric and 1 subtelocentric. The rDNA/FISH revealed that major ribosomal cistrons are located on the telomeric regions in the short arm of pair 6. A marked size variation of hybridization signals was observed. Silver and fluorochrome staining enhanced no chromosome regions. Constitutive heterochromatin was scarce and limited to tiny, pericentromeric blocks as revealed by C-banding and three different restriction enzymes. The diploid genome size (1.90 pg) and the Adenine-Thymine base-pair nuclear DNA relative amount (28.85%) of J. marmorata are by far the lowest encountered in Amphipoda and Crustacea, respectively.

Affiliations: 1: a CNR Istituto di Biologia del Mare, Riva 7 Martiri 1364/a, 30122 Venice, Italy ( liber@ibm.ve.cnr.it) ; 2: b Dipartimento di Biologia Animale, Università di Palermo, via Archirafi 18, 90123 Palermo, Italy ( zuvitcol@unipa.it)

10.1163/20021975-99990046
/content/journals/10.1163/20021975-99990046
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/content/journals/10.1163/20021975-99990046
2017-10-21

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