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In Sudan’s Eastern Borderland: Frontier Societies of the Qwara Region (ca. AD 600-1850)

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The Sudanese-Ethiopian borderland has seen interaction between state and non-state peoples for at least two millennia. However, little is known about these interactions from an archaeological point of view. Our research project intends to cast light on this topic by looking at the lowlands of NW Ethiopia. Surveys conducted during three field seasons in the Metema and Qwara regions – in the Atbara-Dinder watershed – have allowed us to document different cultural traditions that are related to Sudan in medieval and post-medieval times. Here, we present the data and discuss the relevance of the findings to understand border dynamics from the mid-first millennium AD onwards.La région frontalière entre le Soudan et l’Éthiopie a été témoin d’interactions entre peuples étatiques et non étatiques pendant plus de deux millénaires. Pourtant, on connait très peu de ces interactions d’un point de vue archéologique. Notre projet de recherche vise à clarifier cette problématique dans le cadre d’une exploration des terres basses du nord-ouest éthiopien. Les prospections menées pendant trois saisons aux régions de Metema et Qwara nous ont permis de documenter des différentes traditions culturelles qui sont liées au Soudan médiéval et post-médiéval. Nous présentons ici les données et discutons la relevance de nos trouvailles pour mieux comprendre la dynamique frontalière depuis la moitié du premier millénaire de notre ère.This article is in English.

Affiliations: 1: Incipit-CSIC Avenida de Vigo s.n., 15705, Santiago de CompostelaSpain alfredo.gonzalez-ruibal@incipit.csic.es ; 2: falquina@gmail.com ; 3: Independent Archaeologist

10.1163/21915784-12340011
/content/journals/10.1163/21915784-12340011
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2017-02-14
2018-06-20

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