Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Matatiele Archaeology and Rock Art (MARA) Program Excavations: The Archaeology of Mafusing 1 Rock Shelter, Eastern Cape, South Africa

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this advance article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Affiliations: 1: Department of Anthropology, University of TorontoCanada ; 2: Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology LeipzigGermanyDepartment of Archaeology, University of Cape TownSouth Africa ; 3: Rock Art Research Institute, University of the WitwatersrandSouth Africa ; 4: Rock Art Research Institute, University of the WitwatersrandSouth AfricaDepartment of Archaeology, University of Cape TownSouth Africa ; 5: Centre for Anthropological Research, Faculty of Humanities, University of JohannesburgSouth Africa ; 6: Rock Art Research Institute, University of the WitwatersrandSouth Africa


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...

1. Arthur C., Mitchell P.J. 2010"The archaeology of the Metolong Dam, Lesotho: a preliminary assessment" AntiquityVol 84 325
2. Bawden M.G., Carroll D.M. 1968 The Land Resources of Lesotho London United Kingdom Directorate of Overseas Surveys Land Resource Study, 3
3. Bester S.P. 1998 Vegetation and Flora of the Southern Drakensberg Escarpment and Adjacent Areas. Doctoral Thesis, University of Pretoria
4. Bonneau A., Pearce D.G., Pollard A.M. 2012"A multi-technique characterization and provenance study of the pigments used in San rock art, South Africa" Journal of Archaeological ScienceVol 39 2 287 294 [Crossref]
5. Bonneau A., Pearce D., Mitchell P.J., Staff R., Arthur C., Mallen L., Brock F., Higham T. 2017"The earliest directly dated rock paintings from southern Africa: new AMS radiocarbon dates" AntiquityVol 91 356 322 333 [Crossref]
6. Brain C.K. 1981 The Hunters or the Hunted? Chicago University of Chicago Press
7. Bronk Ramsey C. 2009"Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates" RadiocarbonVol 51 1 337 360 [Crossref]
8. Bunn H.T. 1986"Patterns of skeletal representation and hominid subsistence activities at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania and Koobi Fora, Kenya" Journal of Human EvolutionVol 15 673 690 [Crossref]
9. Cable J.H.C., Scott K., Carter P.L. 1980"Excavations at Good Hope Shelter, Underberg District, Natal" Annals of the Natal MuseumVol 24 1 1 34
10. Carter P.L. 1976"The effects of climatic change on settlement in eastern Lesotho during the Middle and Later Stone Age" World ArchaeologyVol 8 2 197 206 [Crossref]
11. Challis S. 2014"Binding beliefs: the creolisation process in a ‘Bushman’ raider group in nineteenth-century southern Africa" Deacon J., Skotnes P. The Courage of Kabbo and a Century of Specimens of Bushman Folklore Johannesburg Jacana 246 264
12. Challis S. 2016"Re-tribe and resist: the ethnogenesis of a creolised raiding band in response to colonisation" Hamilton C., Leibhammer N. Tribing and Untribing the Archive: Critical Enquiry into the Traces of the Thukela – Mzimvubu Region from the Early Iron Age until c1910 Pietermaritzburg University of KwaZulu-Natal Press 282 299
13. Challis S. 2018"Collections, collecting and collectives: gathering heritage data with communities in the mountains of Matatiele and Lesotho, southern Africa" Galvin E., Anderson H., de Torres J. African Rock Art: Research, Digital Outputs and heritage Management African Archaeological Review special edition New York Springer
14. Challis S., Hollmann J., McGranaghan M. 2013"‘Rain snakes’ from the Senqu River: new light on Qing’s commentary on San rock art from Sehonghong, Lesotho" Azania: Archaeological Research in AfricaVol 48 3 331 354 [Crossref]
15. Cowling R.M., Richardson D.M., Pierce S.M. 2004 Vegetation of Southern Africa Cambridg Cambridge University Press
16. de Neergard A., Saarnak C., Hill T., Khanyile M., Berzosa A.M., Birch-Thomsen T. 2005"Australian wattle species in the Drakensberg region of South Africa – an invasive alien or a natural resource?" Agricultural SystemsVol 85 3 216 233 [Crossref]
17. Deacon J. 1984 The Later Stone Age of Southernmost Africa Oxford British Archaeological Reports International Series 213
18. Derricourt R.M. 1977 Prehistoric Man in the Ciskei and Transkei Cape Town Struik
19. Esterhuysen A.B., Behrens J., Harper P. 1994"Leliehoek Shelter: A Holocene sequence from the eastern Orange Free State" The South African Archaeological BulletinVol 49 160 73 78 [Crossref]
20. Esterhuysen A.B., Smith J. 2003"A comparison of charcoal and stable carbon isotope results for the Caledon River Valley, southern Africa, for the period 13 500-5000 yr BP" The South African Archaeological BulletinVol 58 177 1 5 [Crossref]
21. Fairbairn A. 2005 Palaeoworks Technical Papers 4: Simple bucket floatation and wet-sieving in the wet tropics. Available at: accessed 24 September 2014
22. Guillarmod A.J. 1971 The Flora of Lesotho Lehr J. Cramer
23. Goodwin A.J.H., van Riet Lowe C. 1929"The Stone Age cultures of South Africa" Annals of the South African MuseumVol 27 1 289
24. Grab S., Scott L., Rossouw L., Meyer S. 2005"Holocene palaeoenvironments inferred from a sedimentary sequence in the Tsoaing River Basin, western Lesotho" CatenaVol 61 1 49 62 [Crossref]
25. Hamilton G.N., Cooke H.B. 1939 Geology for South African students, An Introductory Text-book Johannesburg Central News Agency
26. Hobart J.H. 2003 Forager-farmer Relations in South-Eastern Southern Africa: A Critical Reassessment. Doctoral Thesis, University of Oxford
27. Hoff A. 1997"The Water Snake of the Khoekhoen and the |Xam" South African Archaeological BulletinVol 52 21 37 [Crossref]
28. Hoff A. 1998"The Water Bull of the |Xam" South African Archaeological BulletinVol 53 109 124 [Crossref]
29. Hogg A.G., Hua Q., Blackwell P.G., Niu M., Buck C.E., Guilderson T.P., Heaton T.J., Palmer J.G., Reimer P.J., Reimer R.W., Turney C.S., Zimmerman S.R. 2013"SHCal13 Southern Hemisphere Calibration, 0-50,000 Years cal BP" RadiocarbonVol 55 4 1889 1903 [Crossref]
30. Hollmann J.C., Crause K. 2011"Digital imaging and the revelation of ‘hidden’ rock art: Vaalekop Shelter, KwaZulu-Natal" Southern African HumanitiesVol 23 1 55 76
31. Johnson M.R., Anhauesser C.R., Thomas R.J. 2006 The Geology of South Africa Johannesburg Geological Society of South Africa
32. Jolly P. 1996a"Symbiotic interaction between Black farmers and south-eastern San: implications for southern African rock art studies, ethnographic analogy, and hunter-gatherer cultural identity" Current AnthropologyVol 37 277 305 [Crossref]
33. Jolly P. 1996b"Interaction between south-eastern San and southern Nguni and Sotho communities c.1400 to c.1880" South African Historical JournalVol 35 30 61 [Crossref]
34. Jolly P. 1999"Modelling change in the contact art of the south-eastern San, southern Africa" Chippindale C., Taçon P.S. The Archaeology of Rock-Art Cambridge Cambridge University Press 247 267
35. Jolly P. 2010a Ditema: Some Decorated Sotho Buildings Cape Town Vernacularch
36. Jolly P. 2010b Rock Shelter: Some Cave and Cliff Structures in Lesotho and South Africa Cape Town Vernacularch
37. Kaplan J., Mitchell P. 2012"The archaeology of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project Phases IA and IB" Southern African HumanitiesVol 24 1 1 32
38. King R., Arthur C., Challis S. in press"Training and transformation: perspectives on archaeological practice from the Maloti-Drakensberg and the Metolong dam" African Heritage Challenges Routledge Studies in Culture and Development Series
39. Lombard M., Wadley L., Deacon J., Wurz S., Parsons I., Mohapi M., Swart J., Mitchell P. 2012"South African and Lesotho Stone Age Sequence updated" The South African Archaeological BulletinVol 67 123 144
40. Lyman R.L. 1994"Quantitative units and terminology in zooarchaeology" American AntiquityVol 59 1 36 71 [Crossref]
41. Mazel A.D. 1981 Up and Down the Little Berg: Archaeological Resource Management in the Natal Drakensberg. Doctoral thesis, University of Cape Town
42. Mazel A.D. 1984a"Gehle Shelter: report on excavations in the uplands ecological zone, Tugela Basin, Natal, South Africa" Annals of the Natal MuseumVol 26 1 1 24
43. Mazel A.D. 1984b"Diamond 1 and Clarke’s Shelter: report on excavations in the northern Drakensberg, Natal, South Africa" Annals of the Natal MuseumVol 26 1 25 70
44. Mazel A.D. 1988"Nkupe Shelter: report on excavations in the eastern Biggarsbeg, Thukela Basin, Natal, South Africa" Annals of the Natal MuseumVol 29 2 321 377
45. McPherron S.P., Braun D.R., Dogandžić T., Archer W., Desta D., Lin S.C. 2014"An experimental assessment of the influences on edge damage to lithic artifacts: a consideration of edge angle, substrate grain size, raw material properties, and exposed face" Journal of Archaeological ScienceVol 49 70 82 [Crossref]
46. Mitchell P.J. 1990"Preliminary report on the Later Stone Age sequence from Tloutle rock shelter, western Lesotho" The South African Archaeological BulletinVol 45 152 100 105 [Crossref]
47. Mitchell P.J. 1992"Archaeological research in Lesotho: a review of 120 years" The African Archaeological ReviewVol 10 3 34 [Crossref]
48. Mitchell P.J. 1993"The archaeology of Tloutle rock-shelter, Maseru District, Lesotho" Navorsinge van die Nasionale Musuem BloemfonteinVol 9 78 132
49. Mitchell P.J. 1996"Filling a gap: the early and middle Holocene assemblages from new excavations at Sehonghong Rock Shelter, Lesotho" Southern African Field ArchaeologyVol 5 1 17 27 [Crossref]
50. Mitchell P., Arthur C. 2010"Archaeological fieldwork in the Metolong Dam catchment, Lesotho" 2008-2010 Nyame AkumaVol 74 51 62
51. Mitchell P.J., Parkington J.E., Yates R. 1994"Recent Holocene archaeology in western and southern Lesotho" The South African Archaeological BulletinVol 49 159 33 52 [Crossref]
52. Mitchell P.J., Parkington J., Wadley L. 1998"A tale from three regions: The archaeology of the Pleistocene/Holocene transition in the Western Cape, the Caledon Valley and the Lesotho Highlands, Southern Africa" Quaternary InternationalVol 49/50 105 115 [Crossref]
53. Mitchell P.J., Plug I., Bailey G. 2006"Spatial patterning and site occupation at Likoaeng, an open‐air hunter‐gatherer campsite in the Lesotho Highlands, Southern Africa" Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological AssociationVol 16 1 81 94 [Crossref]
54. Mokoena N. 2017"Community involvement and heritage management in rural South Africa" Journal of Community Archaeology and HeritageVol 4 3 189 202 [Crossref]
55. Museum of London Archaeology Service 1994 Archaeological Site Manual 3rd edition London Department of Urban Archaeology, Museum of London
56. Mucina L., Rutherford M.C. 2006 The Vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland Pretoria South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI)
57. Opperman H. 1987 The Later Stone Age of the Drakensberg Range and Its Foothills Oxford British Archaeological Reports
58. Parkington J.E., Poggenpoel C., Yates R. 1987"Lesotho rescue archaeology 1982/83" Unpublished report, Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town
59. Patterson L.W. 1995"Thermal damage of chert" Lithic technologyVol 20 1 72 80
60. Pugin J.M. 2012 Improving Rock Art Survey: Finding the Sandstone Shelters of the Matatiele Maloti-Drakensberg. Honours dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand
61. Pugin J.M. 2016 Locating the Rock Art of the Maloti-Drakensberg: Identifying Areas of High Probability Using Remote Sensing. Master’s dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand
62. Regensberg R. 2012 The Changing Social Character of a Shelter: A Case Study from Matatiele. Honours dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand
63. Regensberg R. 2013 Scratching the surface: rock art and traditional medicine. Poster presented at the Association of Southern African Professional Archaeologists Biennial Conference (ASAPA) 3-7 July 2013 University of Botswana, Gaborone
64. Schmidt P. 2014"What causes failure (overheating) during lithic heat treatment?" Archaeological and Anthropological SciencesVol 6 2 107 112 [Crossref]
65. Schmidt P., Porraz G., Slodczyk A., Bellot-Gurlet L., Archer W., Miller C.E. 2013"Heat treatment in the South African Middle Stone Age: temperature induced transformations of silcrete and their technological implications" Journal of Archaeological ScienceVol 40 9 3519 3531 [Crossref]
66. Siteleki M. 2014 Plant Power and Land Use: A Case Study in GIS and IKS in Matatiele, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Honours dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand
67. Stewart B.A., Dewar G.I., Morley M.W., Inglis R.H., Wheeler M., Jacobs Z., Roberts R.G. 2012"Afromontane foragers of the Late Pleistocene: Site formation, chronology and occupational pulsing at Melikane Rockshelter, Lesotho" Quaternary InternationalVol 270 40 60 [Crossref]
68. Stewart B.A., Mitchell P.J. in press"Late Quaternary palaeoclimates and human-environment dynamics of the Maloti-Drakensberg region, southern Africa" Quaternary Science Reviews
69. Visser P.J. 1989 The Geology of the Republics of South Africa, Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei and the Kingdoms of Lesotho and Swaziland: Explanation of the 1:1 000 000 Geological Map, Fourth Edition, 1984 Pretoria Geological Survey
70. Vorster C.J. 2005 Simplified Geology, Selected Mines and Mineral Deposits – South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland Pretoria Council for Geoscience
71. Wadley L. 2000a"The early Holocene layers of Rose Cottage Cave, Eastern Free State: technology, spatial patterns and environment" The South African Archaeological BulletinVol 55 171 18 31 [Crossref]
72. Wadley L. 2000b"The Wilton and Pre-Ceramic Post-Classic Wilton industries at Rose Cottage Cave and their context in the South African sequence" The South African Archaeological BulletinVol 55 172 90 106 [Crossref]
73. Wadley L., De La Peña P., Prinsloo L.C. 2017"Responses of South African agate and chalcedony when heated experimentally, and the broader implications for heated archaeological minerals" Journal of Field ArchaeologyVol 42 4 364 377 [Crossref]
74. Walker R. 1985 A Guide to Postcranial Bones of East African Mammals Hylochoerus Press Norwich
75. Witelson D.M., Guillemard I. 2017 An overview of lithic material from MAF1 in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Presented at the Biennial Conference of the Association for Southern African Professional Archaeologists (ASAPA) 4-7 July University of Pretoria, South Africa
76. Wright P.J. 2005"Flotation samples and some paleoethnobotanical implications" Journal of Archaeological ScienceVol 32 1 19 26 [Crossref]
77. Zulu J. 2016 The Material Culture of Hlubi Male Initiation: A Case Study from Matatiele, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Master’s dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand
Submit comment
Comment moderation successfully completed


Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation