Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Making Cashmere, Making Futures

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

The Work of Hope and the Materialisation of Dreams in a Mongolian Cashmere Factory

image of Inner Asia

This paper draws on fieldwork carried out in a cashmere factory in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Beginning my analysis as the raw wool enters the factory, I explore the factory as site in which multiple dreams come to exist and act on one other, focusing on the divide between management visions of the factory of the future and workers’ engagements in secondary economies. I then follow how attention to the trajectories of cashmere and the dreams of the factory articulate with the contrasting hopes of young and old female factory employees as they find ways simultaneously to manufacture cashmere and nurture their own dreams of the future: projects that not only rely on the factory as a place that brings people together in dynamic and creative ways, but also work to deny the containment of its walls. By following the cashmere, I interweave analyses on a number of scales, rejecting the separation of the material into that of the micro or macro, and instead demonstrating how the making of cashmere is also a matter of making futures.

Affiliations: 1: University College LondonLondonUKelizabeth.fox.10@ucl.ac.uk

10.1163/22105018-12340034
/content/journals/10.1163/22105018-12340034
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22105018-12340034
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Adams V. , Murphy M. , Clarke A.E. "Anticipation: technoscience, life, affect, temporality" Subjectivity 2009 Vol 28 246 265 http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/sub.2009.18
2. Appadurai A. Held D. , Moore H.L. "The capacity to aspire: culture and the terms of recognition" Cultural Politics in a Global Age 2008 London Oneworld 29 35
3. Atwood C.P. Encyclopedia of Mongolia and The Mongol Empire. 2004 New York (NY) Facts On File
4. Batchimeg M. Future Challenges for the PRC and Mongolia: A Mongolian Perspective 2005 (5 May). Retrieved 2 February 2014, from China Brief:
5. Biao X. "The making of mobile subjects: how migration and institutional reform intersect in northeast China" Development 2007 Vol 50 4 69 74 http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.development.1100430
6. Biao X. , Wei S. "International student migration and social stratification in China" International Journal of Education Development 2009 Vol 29 513 522 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2009.04.006
7. Bourdieu P. Nice R. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste 1984 London Routledge & Kegan Paul
8. Broz L. , Willerslev R. "When good luck is bad fortune" Social Analysis 2012 Vol 56 2 73 89 http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/sa.2012.560206
9. Bulag U.E. "From Yeke-juu League to Ordos Municipality: settler colonialism and alter/native urbanisation in Inner Mongolia" Provincial China 2002 Vol 7 2 196 234 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1326761032000176122
10. Buyandelger M. "Dealing with uncertainty: shamans, marginal capitalism, and the remaking of history in postsocialist Mongolia" American Ethnologist 2007 Vol 34 1 127 147 http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/ae.2007.34.1.127
11. Buyandelger M. "Post-post-transition theories: walking on multiple paths" Annual Review of Anthropology 2008 Vol 37 235 250 http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.anthro.37.081407.085214
12. Callon M. MacKenzie D. , Muniesa F. , Siu L. "What does it mean to say that economics is performative?" Do Economists Make Markets?: On the Performativity of Economics 2007 Princeton (NJ) Princeton University Press 311 357
13. Crapanzano V. "Reflections of hope as a category of social and psychological analysis" Cultural Anthropology 2003 Vol 18 1 3 32 http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/can.2003.18.1.3
14. Crapanzano V. Imaginative Horizons: An Essay in Literary-philosophical Anthropology. 2004 London University of Chicago Press
15. Cross J. Dream Zones: Anticipating Capitalism and Development in India. 2014 London Pluto Press
16. Ebeid D.M. "Manufacturing Stability: Everyday politics of work in an industrial steel town in Helwan, Egypt. PhD Thesis, London School of Economics" 2012
17. El Benni N. , Reviron S. Geographical Indications: Review of Seven Case-studies World Wide (Working Paper 2009/15). 2009 Zurich ETH Zurich (Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research, nccrTrade Regulation.)
18. Empson R. Time, Causality and Prophecy in the Mongolian Cultural Region: Visions of the Future 2006 Folkstone Global Oriental
19. Empson R. "The dangers of excess: accumulating and dispersing fortune in Mongolia" Social Analysis 2012 Vol 56 1 117 132 http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/sa.2012.560108
20. Empson R. "An economy of temporary possession" 2014 Malinowski Memorial Lecture. Lecture conducted from The London School of Economics May 2014 London
21. Empson R. "Emerging subjects of the new economy: tracing the performativity of predicted economic growth in Mongolia" (n.d.) Unpublished MS
22. Finch C.M. "Mongolia in 2001: political consolidation and continued economic reform" Asian Survey 2002 Vol 42 1 39 45 http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/as.2002.42.1.39
23. Gammeltoft T. "Towards an anthropology of the imaginary: specters of disability in Vietnam" Ethnos 2014 Vol 42 2 153 174
24. Goyal H.D. "A development persepctive in Mongolia" Asian Survey 1999 Vol 39 4 633 655 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3021242
25. Graeber D. "The Sword, The Sponge, and the Paradox of Performativity" Social Analysis 2012 Vol 56 1 25 42 http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/sa.2012.560103
26. Holmes D.R. "Economy of words" Cultural Anthropology 2009 Vol 24 3 381 419 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-1360.2009.01034.x
27. Holmström M. Industry and Inequality: The Social Anthropology of Indian Labour. 1984 Cambridge Cambridge University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511983931
28. Humphrey C. Ardener S. "Women, taboo and the suppression of attention" Defining Females: The Nature of Women in Society 1978 Oxford Berg 73 92
29. Humphrey C. , U. Onon U. Shamans and Elders: Experience, Knowledge and Power among the Daur Mongols. 1996 Oxford Clarendon Press
30. Kerven C. "Personalized Networks for Commodity Exchange: The Cashmere Trade from Tajikistan to China. MRes Thesis, University College London" 2011
31. Kerven C. , Russel A. , Laker J. "Potential for increasing producers’ income from wool, fibre and pelts in Central Asia" International Livestock Research Institute Working Paper 2002 Vol 45
32. Kim Y. "Female individualization?: Transnational mobility and media consumption of Asian women" Media, Culture and Society 2010 Vol 32 1 25 43 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0163443709350096
33. Latour B. Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. 2005 Oxford Oxford University Press
34. Lecraw D.J. , Eddleston P. , McMahon A. A Value Chain Analysis of the Mongolian Cashmere Industry. 2005 Ulaanbaatar USAID ( usaid, Mongolia Economic Policy Reform and Competitiveness Project ( eprc).)
35. Lhagvadorj D. , Hauck M. , Dulamsuren C. , Tsogtbaatar J. "Pastoral nomadism in the forest-steppe of the Mongolian Altai under a changing economy and a warming climate" Journal of Arid Environments 2013 Vol 88 82 89 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2012.07.019
36. Mandel R. , Humphrey C. Markets and Moralities: Ethnographies of Postsocialism. 2002 Oxford Berg
37. Mintz S. Sweetness and Power: The place of sugar in modern history. 1985 New York Viking
38. Miyazaki H. The Method of Hope: Anthropology, philosophy, and Fijian knowledge. 2004 Stanford (CA) Stanford University Press
39. Miyazaki H. "Economy of dreams: hope in global capitalism and its critiques" Cultural Anthropology 2006 Vol 21 2 147 172 http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/can.2006.21.2.147
40. Mol A. "Ontological politics. A word and some questions" The Sociological Review 1999 Vol 41 S1 74 89 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-954X.1999.tb03483.x
41. Mol A. The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice. 2002 London Duke University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822384151
42. Navaro-Yashin Y. Faces of the State: Secularism and public life in Turkey 2002 Princeton (NJ) Princeton University Press
43. Navaro-Yashin Y. The Make-Believe Space: Affective Geography in a Postwar Polity 2012 Durham (NC) Duke University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822395133
44. Ngai P. Made in China: Women factory workers in a global workplace. 2005 London Duke University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822386759
45. Ong A. Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline: Factory Women in Malaysia. 1987 Albany (NY) State University of New York Press
46. Pedersen M.A. "A day in the Cadillac: the work of hope in urban Mongolia" Social Analysis 2012 Vol 56 2 136 151 http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/sa.2012.560210
47. Pedersen M.A. , Højer L. "Lost in transition: fuzzy property and leaky selves in Ulaanbaatar" Ethnos 2008 Vol 73 1 73 96 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00141840801930891
48. Portisch A.O. "Social and economic aspects of the uses of animal wool and hair in Western Mongolia" Etudes Mongoles et Siberiennes, Centrasiatiques et Tibetaines 2013 Vol 43 44 1 20
49. Rofel L. Desiring China: Experiments in Neoliberalism, Sexuality and Public Culture. 2007 Durham (NC) Duke University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822389903
50. Sadler K. , Kerven C. , Calo M. , Manske M. , Catley A. "The fat and the lean: review of production and use of milk by pastoralists" Pastoralism 2010 Vol 1 2 291 324
51. Severinghaus S.R. "Mongolia in 1998 and 1999: past, present, future at the New Millenium" Asian Survey 2000 Vol 40 1 130 139 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3021227
52. Sneath D. "Reciprocity and notions of corruption in contemporary Mongolia" Mongolian Studies 2002 Vol 15 85 99
53. Sneath D. Verdery K. , Humphrey C. "Property regimes and sociotechnical systems: rights over land in Mongolia’s ‘age of the market’" Property in Question: Value Transformation in the Global Economy 2004 Oxford Berg 161 185
54. Sneath D. "Transacting and enacting: corruption, obligation and the use of monies in Mongolia" Ethnos 2006 Vol 71 1 89 112 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00141840600603228
55. Takacs W.E. "The economic impact of export controls: an application to Mongolian cashmere and Romanian wood products" The World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 1994 Vol 1280
56. Thompson E.P. "Time, work-discipline, and industrial capitalism" Past and Present 1967 Vol 38 56 97 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/past/38.1.56
57. Tsing A. "Inside the economy of appearances" Public Culture 2000 Vol 12 1 115 144 http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/08992363-12-1-115
58. Tsing A. Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection. 2005 Princeton (NJ) Princeton University Press
59. Westwood S. All Day, Every Day. 1984 London Pluto Press
60. Wheeler A. "Moralities of the Mongolian ‘market’: a genealogy of trade relations and the zah zeel " Inner Asia 2004 Vol 6 215 238 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/146481704793647081
61. Wolf D.L. Factory Daughters: Gender, Household Dynamics, and Rural Industrialization in Java. 1992 London University of California Press
62. Zhang W. , Wang R. , Zhu X. , Kleenmann D.O. , Yue C. , Jia Z. "Effects of dietary copper on ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestibility and fibre characteristics in cashmere goats" The Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies 2007 Vol 20 12 1843 1848 http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.1843
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/22105018-12340034
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22105018-12340034
2015-04-21
2017-09-20

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Inner Asia — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation