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Deciphering Pakistan’s Foreign Investment Policy: A Review of Pakistani BITs*

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This study presents the first ever comprehensive analysis of Pakistani foreign investment treaty regime, which consists of 47 BITs as of 15 June, 2012. This study provides a provision by provision comparison of all 47 Pakistani BITs. The objective is to identify similarities and differences in these BITs, explaining legal implications of their individual provisions and suggesting policy changes for future BITs in the light of existing and emerging state practices. The overall purpose is to identify policy implications of the BITs regime for Pakistan. Looking forward, the study inquires how to enhance foreign investors’ confidence and to promote and facilitate much needed FDI in Pakistan without undermining Pakistan’s sovereign right to protect necessary public and economic interests.

Affiliations: 1: a)Lecturer in law, University of the Punjab, Pakistan; part-time lecturer University of Turku, Finland Advisor energy treaties and international arbitration Josh & Mak, Advocates & Legal Consultants,; 2: b)International law consultant, Shafiq Sons Law Associates; visiting lecturer Pakistan College of Law LL.B (Honours), LLM (Law & Development), University of London,


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