Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The occurrence of stalk-eyed flies (Diptera, Diopsidae) in the Arabian Peninsula, with a review of cluster formation in the Diopsidae

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Tijdschrift voor Entomologie

Catalogue and distribution data are presented for the six Diopsidae species known to occur in the Arabian Peninsula: Sphyracephala beccarii, Chaetodiopsis meigenii, Diasemopsis aethiopica, Diopsis arabica, Diopsis mayae and Diopsis sp. (ichneumonea species group). The biogeographical aspects of their distribution are discussed. Records of Diopsis apicalis and Diopsis collaris are removed from the list for Arabia as these were based on misidentifications. Synonymies involving Diasemopsis aethiopica and Diasemopsis varians are discussed. Only one out of four specimens in the D. elegantula type series proved conspecific with D. aethiopica. The synonymy of D. aethiopica and D. varians is rejected. A lectotype for Diasemopsis elegantula is now designated. D. elegantula is proposed as junior synonym of D. varians. A fly cluster of more than 80,000 Sphyracephala beccarii, observed in Oman, is described. The occurrence of cluster formations in the Diopsidae is reviewed, while a possible explanation is indicated.

Affiliations: 1: Hans R. Feijen*, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands. ; 2: Ralph Martin, University of Freiburg, Münchhofstraße 14, 79106 Freiburg, Germany ; 3: Cobi Feijen, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Anagnou-Veroniki M.,, Papaioannou-Souliotis P.,, Karanastasi E. , & Giannopolitis C.N., 2008. "New records of plant pests and weeds in Greece, 1990–2007". – Hellenic Plant Protection JournalVol 1: 5578.
2. Arnaud P.H., 1983. "Aggregation of Coelopa (Neocoelopa) vanduzeei Cresson on the Monterey Peninsula Coast, California, and notes on the family (Diptera: Coelopidae)". – The Pan-Pacific EntomologistVol 58: 245249.
3. Bezzi M., 1908a. "Diagnoses d’espèces nouvelles de Diptera d’Afrique." – Annales de la Société Entomologique de BelgiqueVol 52: 374388.
4. Bezzi M., 1908b. "Ditteri Eritrei raccolti dal Dott. Andreini e dal Prof. Tellini. II. Diptera Cyclorrhapha." – Bollettino della Società Entomologica ItalianaVol 39: 3199.
5. Bezzi M., 1922. "Note sur la présence en Algérie du Sphyracephala Hearseiana Westw. de l’Inde et sur la synonymie de ce Diptère". – Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleVol 28: 6972.
6. Bruggen A.C. van,, 1961. "Diptera (Brachycera): Diopsidae. A partial revision of the Diopsidae or stalk-eyed flies of Southern Africa". – In: Hanström B.,, Brinck P., & Rudebeck G. (Eds), South African Animal Life, Results of the Lund University Expedition in 1950–1951, Vol. Vol 8, pp. 415439. Almqvist & Wiksells Boktryckeri AB, Uppsala, Sweden.
7. Brunetti E., 1907. "XII.–Notes on Oriental Diptera. I.–Note on Sphyracephala hearseyana Westwood, with a list of the Oriental species of Diopsinae". – Records of the Indian MuseumVol 1: 163166.
8. Brunetti E., 1919. "Review of progress in our knowledge of Oriental Diptera during the last two decades." – Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (New Series)Vol 14: 358371.
9. Brunetti E., 1926a. "Notes on some Belgian Congo Diptera." – Revue Zoologique AfricaineVol 13: 165173.
10. Brunetti E., 1926b. "New species of Diopsidae (Diptera) from the Belgian Congo." – Revue Zoologique AfricaineVol 14: 7384.
11. Brunetti E., 1928. "Revisionary notes on the Diopsidae (Diptera)". – Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ser.Vol 10, 2: 266275.
12. Carr M.,, Cotton S.,, Földvári M., & Kotrba M., 2006. "A description of a new species of Diasemopsis (Diptera, Diopsidae) from the Comoro Islands with morphological, molecular and allometric data." – ZootaxaVol 1211: 119.
13. Cogan B.H., & Shillito J.F.,, 1980. "47. Family Diopsidae". – In: Crosskey R.W. (Ed.), Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical region, pp. 583587. British Museum (Natural History), London, UK.
14. Collart A., 1954. "Les Sphyracephala du Congo Belge (Diptera Diopsidae). Miscellanea Zoologica H. Schouteden". – Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge, Tervuren (Belgique), nouvelle série in-4o. Sciences ZoologiquesVol 1: 329331.
15. Cotton A.J.,, Cotton S.,, Small J., & Pomiankowski A., 2015. "Male mate preference for female eyespan and fecundity in the stalk-eyed fly, Teleopsis dalmanni". – Behavioral EcologyVol 26: 376385. [Crossref]
16. Crosskey R.W. (Ed.), 1980. "Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical Region". – British Museum (Natural History), London, UK, [iv] + 1437 pp.
17. Curran C.H., 1928. "Review of the African species of Sphyracephala Say". – Annals and Magazine of Natural HistoryVol 10: 274275.
18. Curran C.H., 1931. "Descriptions of new species of Diasemopsis Rondani (Diopsidae, Diptera)". – American Museum NovitatesVol 463: 117.
19. Dalman J.W., 1817. "Anmärkningar vid slägtet Diopsis, jemte beskrifningar och teckningar på trenne dithörande nya arter". – Kongliga Vetenskaps Academiens HandlingarVol 38: 211219.
20. Dawah H.A., & Abdullah M.A., 2008. "First records of the stalk-eyed flies (Diopsidae: Cyclorrhapha), a pest of Poaceae, from South-Western Saudi Arabia". – King Khalid University Journal of Natural, Medical, and Technical SciencesVol 4: 8695.
21. de la Motte I., & Burkhardt D., 1983. "Portrait of an Asian stalk-eyed fly". – NaturwissenschaftenVol 70: 451461. [Crossref]
22. Ebrahim A.M., 2009. "Described a new recorded family Diopsidae of (Order Diptera) with its species Diopsis apicalis in Egypt". – Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences A. EntomologyVol 2: 135145.
23. Eggers F.O.,, 1916. "On some new and incompletely known species of the family Diopsidae from British East Africa". – In: Dogiel V.A. (Ed.), Scientific results of the zoological expedition to British East Africa and Uganda, made by Prof. V. Dogiel and I. Sokolow in the year 1914, vol. Vol I, no. 6, pp. 332, unnumbered pl., Russian on pp. 3–20, English on pp. 21–32. Petrograd, Russia.
24. Eggers F.O., 1925. "Diopsiden aus Deutsch-Ostafrika, mit einem Nachwort über die Stielaugen der Diopsiden". – Zoologische JahrbücherVol 49: 469500, pl. 6.
25. El-Hawagry M.S.,, Khalil M.W.,, Sharaf M.R.,, Fadl H.H., & Aldawood A.S., 2013. "A preliminary study on the insect fauna of Al-Baha Province, Saudi Arabia, with descriptions of two new species". – ZooKeysVol 274: 188. [Crossref]
26. El-Hawagry M.S.,, Sharaf M.R.,, Al Dhafer H.M.,, Fadl H.H., & Aldawood A.S., 2015. "Addenda to the insect fauna of Al-Baha Province Saudi Arabia". – Journal of Natural HistoryVol 50: 12091236.
27. El-Hawagry M.S.,, Abdel-Dayem M.S.,, Elgharbawy A.A., & Dhafer H.M., 2016. "A preliminary account of the fly fauna in Jabal Shada al-A’la Nature Reserve, Saudi Arabia, with new records and biogeographical remarks (Diptera, Insecta)". – ZooKeysVol 636: 107139. [Crossref]
28. Feijen H.R., 1978. "Diopsidae (Diptera: Acalyptratae) from Togo and Zaïre". – Stuttgarter Beiträge zur NaturkundeVol 318: 125.
29. Feijen H.R., 1984. "Studies on the systematics, ecology and economic importance of the Diopsioinea (Diptera)". – PhD dissertation, University of Leiden. H.M. Oosterhuis, Leiden, The Netherlands.
30. Feijen H.R., 1987. "A revision of the Diopsidae (Diptera) described by J.W. Dalman". – Entomologica ScandinavicaVol 17: 409422.
31. Feijen H.R.,, 1989. "Diopsidae. Cyclorrhapha III (Schizophora other than Calyptratae)". – In: Griffiths G.C.D. (Ed.), Flies of the Nearctic Region, Vol. Vol 9, part 12, pp. 1122. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, Germany.
32. Feijen H.R., & Feijen C., 2009. "Diopsis (Diopsidae, Diptera) with unusual wing spots: Two new species from Malawi with a longer eye span in females than in males." – Zoologische Mededelingen LeidenVol 83: 701722.
33. Feijen H.R., & Feijen C., 2012. "A new species of Diopsis L. (Diptera: Diopsidae) from South Africa and Swaziland, and brief review of African species with a large apical wing spot." – African InvertebratesVol 53: 125142. [Crossref]
34. Feijen H.R., & Feijen C., 2017. "Diopsis mayae sp. n. (Diptera, Diopsidae), a dominant stalk-eyed fly, occurring from South Africa to Saudi Arabia". – Tijdschrift voor EntomologieVol 160: 6174.
35. Flint O.S., 1956. "Hibernation of the diopsid fly, Sphyracephala brevicornis Say". – Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological SocietyVol 51: 44.
36. Frey R., 1921. "Studien über den Bau des Mundes der niederen Diptera Schizophora nebst Bemerkungen über die Systematik dieser Dipterengruppe". – Acta Societatis pro Fauna et Flora FennicaVol 48: 1245.
37. Guiglia D., 1957. "I tipi di Ditteri di Camillo Rondani e di altri autori appartenenti alle collezioni del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova". – Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria, GenovaVol 69: 193207.
38. Hauser M.,, Deeming J.C., & Stuke J.H.,, 2011. "Order Diptera, family Diopsidae". – In: van Harten A. (Ed.), Arthropod fauna of the United Arab Emirates, Vol. Vol 4, pp. 765768. Dar Al Ummah, Abu Dhabi.
39. Hendel F., 1923. "Afrikanische Diopsiden (Diptera)". – Wiener Entomologische ZeitungVol 40: 3342. [Crossref]
40. Hennig W.,, 1941. "39c Diopsidae". – In: Lindner E. (Ed.), Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region: 5(7), Lieferung 143, pp. 18. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, Germany.
41. Hochberg Stasny T.A., 1985. "Biology, behavior and life cycle of Sphyracephala brevicornis Say (Diptera: Diopsidae)". – MSc thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, VA. USA.
42. Karsch F., 1888. "Bericht über die durch Herrn Lieutenant Dr. Carl Wilhelm Schmidt in Ost-Afrika gesammelten und von der zoologischen Abtheilung des Königlichen Museums für Naturkunde in Berlin erworbenen Diptera". – Berliner Entomologische ZeitschriftVol 31: 367382, pl. 4. [Crossref]
43. Kavanaugh D.H., 1977. "An example of aggregation in the Scaphinotus subgenus Brennus Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cychrini)". – The Pan-Pacific EntomologistVol 53: 2731.
44. Kirk-Spriggs A.H., & McGregor G., 2009. "Disjunctions in the Diptera (Insecta) fauna of the Mediterranean Province and southern Africa and a discussion of biogeographical considerations." – Transactions of the Royal Society of South AfricaVol 64: 3252. [Crossref]
45. Koningsberger J.C., 1915. "Java, zoölogisch en biologisch". – Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel, Buitenzorg, Nederlands Indië, 663 pp.
46. Kotrba M., 2009. "Prosphyracephala kerneggeri spec. nov. (Diptera: Diopsidae). A new stalk-eyed fly from Baltic amber (Diptera, Diopsidae)". – SpixianaVol 32: 187192.
47. Lavigne R., 1962. "Immature stages of the stalk-eyed fly, Sphyracephala brevicornis (Say) (Diptera: Diopsidae) with observations on its biology". – Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological SocietyVol 57: 514.
48. Lindner E., 1962. "Studien an afrikanischen Diopsiden (Dipt.)". – Stuttgarter Beiträge zur NaturkundeVol 94: 118.
49. Macquart J., 1843. "Diptères exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus. Tome deuxième. 3e partie". – Memoires de la Société Royale des Sciences, de l’Agriculture et des Arts de Lille [1842]: 162460, pls 1–36.
50. Martins R.P., & Hirschfeld E., 1994."Where are the limits of the Western Palearctic?" – Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ ClubVol 114: 207208.
51. Mathur R.N., 1957. "Large clusters of SphyracephaIa hearseiana Westwood (Diptera: Diopsidae) at New Dehli". – Current Science (Bangalore)Vol 26: 183184.
52. Ôhara K., 1993. "First record of the family Diopsidae from Japan (Diptera, Brachycera)". – Bulletin of the Tokushima Prefectural MuseumVol 3: 3947.
53. Osten Sacken C.R., 1882. "Diptera from the Philippine Islands, brought home by Carl Semper". – Berliner Entomologische ZeitschriftVol 26: 83120, 187–252.
54. Rohlfien K., & Ewald B., 1970. "Katalog der in den Sammlungen des ehemaligen Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes aufbewahrten Typen. VIII (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha: Schizophora: Acalyptratae)". – Beiträge zur EntomologieVol 22: 407469.
55. Rondani C., 1873. "Muscaria exotica Musei Civici Januensis observata et distincta. Fragmentum I. Species aliquae in Abyssinia (Regione Bogos), lectae a Doct. O. Beccari et March. O. Antinori, anno 1870–71". – Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacoma Doria, GenovaVol 4: 282294. [Crossref]
56. Rondani C., 1875. "Muscaria exotica Musei Civici Januensis observata et distincta. Fragmentum III. Species in Insula Bonae fortunae (Borneo), Provincia Sarawak, annis 1865–68, lectae a March. J. Doria et Doct. O. Beccari". – Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacoma Doria, GenovaVol 7: 421464.
57. Roselaar C.S., 2006. "The boundaries of the Palearctic region". – British BirdsVol 99: 602618.
58. Sclater P.L., 1858. "On the general geographical distribution of the members of the class Aves". – Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology)Vol 2: 130145.
59. Séguy E., 1949. "Diopsides de Madagascar". – Memoires de l’Institut Scientifique de Madagascar AVol 3: 6576.
60. Séguy E., 1955. "Diptères Diopsides africains nouveaux ou peu connus". – Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Afrique Noire Sér. A, Sciences NaturellesVol 17: 11021124.
61. Sen S.K., 1922. "Life-histories of Indian insects. Diptera: Sphryracephala (sic!) hearseiana, Westw". – Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture in India (Entomological Series)Vol 7(6): 3338.
62. Shillito J.F., 1971. "The genera of Diopsidae (Insecta: Diptera)". – Zoological Journal of the Linnean SocietyVol 50: 287295. [Crossref]
63. Steyskal G., 1972. "A catalogue of species and key to the genera of the family Diopsidae (Diptera: Acalyptratae)". – Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie A (Biologie)Vol 234: 120.
64. Vaillant F., 1953. "A propos d’un Diopside d’Algérie Sphyracephala Beccarii Rondani". – L’EntomologisteVol 9: 1112.
65. Wallace A.R., 1876. "The geographical distribution of animals, Vol. 1". – MacMillan & Co, London, UK, xxi + 503 pp.
66. Westwood J.O., 1837a. "On Diopsis, a genus of dipterous insects, with descriptions of twenty-one species". – Transactions of the Linnean Society of LondonVol 17: 283313, pl. 9.
67. Westwood J.O., 1837b. "Descriptions of some new species of Diopsis". – Transactions of the Linnean Society of LondonVol 17: 543550, pl. 28.
68. Wilkinson G.S., & Dodson G.N.,, 1997. "Function and evolution of antlers and eye stalks in flies". – In: Choe J., & Crespi B. (Eds), The evolution of mating systems in insects and arachnids, pp. 310328. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Tijdschrift voor Entomologie — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation