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Lapita (Diptera: Dolichopodidae: Sciapodinae) from Fiji and Vanuatu

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Lapita Bickel (Diptera: Dolichopodidae: Sciapodinae), previously known only from New Caledonia, is newly described from Fiji and nearby Pacific archipelagoes, and includes 21 species in four species groups. The vakalevu group comprises four new species, Lapita vakalevu from Fiji and Tonga, and L. morleyi, L. savura and L. tavuki, all from Fiji. The tuimerekei group comprises two new Fijian species, L. batiqere and L. tuimerekei. The paradoxa group comprises two new species from Viti Levu, Fiji, L. paradoxa and L. maafusalatu. The denticauda group includes 13 species, L. greenwoodi (Bezzi), comb. n., from Viti Levu, L. sanma, a new species from Vanuatu (Espiritu Santo), and eleven additional new species, all from Fiji: L. adusta, L. macuata, L. coloisuva, L. delaco, L. timocii, L. bicolor, L. veilaselase, L. kuitarua, L. denticauda, L. sarnati, and L. vatudiri. Most Lapita species are known only from single or adjacent sites, suggesting a high level of local endemicity. As demonstrated elsewhere for the Sciapodinae, there is a strong connection between Fiji and Vanuatu, with species groups shared between the two archipelagoes. Biogeographical processes to account for the distribution of Lapita on Fiji and New Caledonia are discussed.

10.1163/22119434-15903003
/content/journals/10.1163/22119434-15903003
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1. Bezzi M., 1928. "Diptera Brachycera and Athericera of the Fiji Islands based on material in the British Museum (Natural History)". — British Museum (Natural History), London, 220 pp.
2. Bickel D.J., 1994. "The Australian Sciapodinae (Diptera: Dolichopodidae), with a review of the Oriental and Australasian faunas, and a world conspectus of the subfamily". — Records of the Australian Museum SupplementVol 21: 1394. [Crossref]
3. Bickel D.J., 2002. "The Sciapodinae of New Caledonia (Diptera: Dolichopodidae)". — Zoologia Neocaledonica, Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Vol 187: 1183.
4. Bickel D.J.,, 2005. "Plagiozopelma (Diptera: Dolichopodidae: Sciapodinae) from Fiji, Vanuatu, and the Solomon Islands". — In Evenhuis N.L., & Bickel D.J. (Eds), "Fiji Arthropods I. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers"Vol 82: 4761.
5. Bickel D.J.,, 2006a. "Parentia (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from Fiji: A biogeographic link with New Caledonia and New Zealand". — In Evenhuis N.L., & Bickel D.J. (Eds), "Fiji Arthropods V. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers"Vol 89: 4550.
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7. Bickel D.J.,, 2008a. "Krakatauia (Diptera: Dolichopodidae: Sciapodinae) from the southwest Pacific, with a focus on the radiation in Fiji". — In Evenhuis N.L., & Bickel D.J. (Eds), "Fiji Arthropods XI. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers"Vol 97: 2164.
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9. Bickel D.J.,, 2009. "Amblypsilopus (Diptera: Dolichopodidae: Sciapodinae) from the Southwest Pacific, with a focus on the radiation in Fiji and Vanuatu". — In Evenhuis N.L., & Bickel D.J. (Eds), "Fiji Arthropods XIII. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers"Vol 103: 361.
10. Evenhuis N.L., & Bickel D.J.,, 2005. "The NSF-Fiji Terrestrial Arthropod Survey: Overview". — In: Evenhuis N.L., & Bickel D.J. (Eds), "Fiji Arthropods I. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers"Vol 82: 325.
11. Hall R., 2002. "Cenozoic geological and plate tectonic evolution of SE Asia and the SW Pacific: Computer-based reconstructions, model and animations". — Journal of Asian Earth ScienceVol 20: 353431. [Crossref]
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13. Kroenke L.W.,, 1996. "Plate tectonic development of the western and southwestern pacific: Mesozoic to the present". — In: Keast A., & Miller S.E. (Eds), The origin and evolution of Pacific Islands biotas, New Guinea to eastern Polynesia: Patterns and processes, pp 1934. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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/content/journals/10.1163/22119434-15903003
2016-12-22
2018-07-15

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