Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

A Multiple Case Study on the Perceived Impacts of the 15-Year Free Education Policy in Macau

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of International Journal of Chinese Education

Former Portuguese colony and now a Special Administrative Region of China, Macau had progressed from following its colonizer and its neighbouring cities, like Hong Kong and Taiwan, to establishing its own education system and being the first in the Greater China region to deliver 15-year free education. The objective of this study was to examine the perceived impacts of this policy on the affordability, accessibility, accountability of early childhood education in Macau. A multiple case study, using quantitative (surveys) and qualitative (interviews) measures, was conducted in four private kindergartens in Macau to understand how the 4 principals, 24 teachers and 119 parents viewed the policy impacts. The results indicated that: (1) across roles, parents were the most supportive of the policy and consistently gave the highest grading amongst the three stakeholders. Principals were the most knowledgeable of the policy, but graded the policy lowest and regarded the government’s financial subsidy as the most insufficient. Teachers were the least optimistic and positive about the impacts of the policy. They felt that teacher qualification and the quality of teaching resources should be further enhanced; (2) Across school types, kindergartens which joined the free education network graded the policy higher and perceived its impacts more positively than the one which did not join; (3) Extra subsidies were suggested by the respondents to cover children’s extra-curricular activities, support from childcare and special education professionals, and school-based curriculum development.

Affiliations: 1: The University of Hong; 2: The University of Hong; 3: The University of


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Bray Mark The economics and financing of education: Hong Kong and comparative perspectives 1993 Vol Vol. 20 Hong Kong Faculty of Education, University of Hong Kong
2. Brock Colin , Smawfield David "“Education and development: the issue of small states”" Educational Review 1988 Vol 40 no. 2 227 239 [Crossref]
3. Chou Bill KP. "“The Paradox of Educational Quality and Education Policy in Hong Kong and Macau”" Chinese Education & Society 2012 Vol 45 no. 2 96 110 [Crossref]
4. "Education Development Fund Budget Swells by 25.7 Percent" Macau Daily Times 2013 January 14 Accessed September 1, 2013
5. Governo de Macau Direcção dos Serviços de Estatística e Censos. gmdsec. Macau Government Statistics and Census Service "“Education Survey”" 2013 Accessed September 27, 2013
6. Governo de Macau Direcção dos Serviços de Educação e Juventude. gmdsej. Macau Government Education and Youth Affairs Bureau "“Law No. 9/2006— Fundamental Law of Non-tertiary Education System”" 2006 Accessed July 28, 2013
7. Governo de Macau Direcção dos Serviços de Educação e Juventude. gmdsej. Macau Government Education and Youth Affairs Bureau "“System Framework for Private School Teaching Staff of Non-tertiary Education”" 2011 Accessed September 25, 2013
8. Governo de Macau Direcção dos Serviços de Educação e Juventude. gmdsej. Macau Government Education and Youth Affairs Bureau "“Table of School Statistical Data (Scholastic Year 2012/2013)—Number of Schools by School Type and Education Level”" 2012 Accessed September 14, 2013
9. Governo de Macau Direcção dos Serviços de Educação e Juventude. gmdsej. Macau Government Education and Youth Affairs Bureau "“A Guide to School Enrollment 2013/2014 School Year”" 2013 Accessed September 10, 2013
10. Governo de Macau Gabinete de Comunicação Social. gmgcs. Government Information Bureau 2013 Accessed August 1, 2013
11. Li Hui , Sin Jessie Ming Wong , Christine X. Wang "“Affordability, accessibility, and accountability: Perceived impacts of the Pre-primary Education Vouchers in Hong Kong”" Early Childhood Research Quarterly 2010 Vol 25 no. 1 125 138 [Crossref]
12. Louis Cohen , Manion Lawrence , Morrison Keith "“Research methods in education”" 1994 4th Ed. Routledge, London 365 370 isbn415374103
13. Merton Robert K. "“Social theory and social structure”" 1957 Glencoe The Free Press
14. Rosario Louise D. "“Education Reformer”" Macao Magazine 2012 April Vol 11 14 20
15. Tang Fun , Hei Joan , Keith Morrison "“When marketisation does not improve schooling: the case of Macau”" Compare 28 1998 no. 3 245 262
16. Wilkins William E. "“The concept of a self-fulfilling prophecy”" Sociology of Education 1976 175 183 [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    International Journal of Chinese Education — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation