Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Creativity in Chinese Schools

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Perspectival Frames of Paradox and Possibility

Is creativity occurring in China’s primary and secondary schools? The thesis undergirding this article is that creativity is a paradox and possibility within this test-centric culture. Discussion is of the literature on creativity from an international perspective, with support from an original pilot study. The Chinese schools visited arose out of an inquiry into crucial issues in basic education involving high-stakes accountability and effects on the creativity and innovation of children and youth. Pursuing knowledge in action, the U.S. Fulbright Scholar used observation, conversation, and interviews to explore creative processes in five rural and urban preK-12 schools within Southwest China. A teacher training institute confirmed that creative learning transpires within some of the primary schools in the region. Analyses of the data collected suggest the potential for creativity in schooling to co-exist with external accountability. These emergent results offer a lens for understanding intriguing developments of schooling in Chinese education.

Affiliations: 1: College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences, Virginia Tech


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Abrami Regina M., Kirby William C., McFarlan F. Warren"“Why China Can’t Innovate”" Harvard Business Review 2014 Accessed May 10, 2017Vol 92 no. 3 107 111
2. Amrein Audrey L., Berliner David C."“The Effects of High-stakes Testing on Student Motivation and Learning”" Educational Leadership 2003Vol 60 no. 5 32 38
3. Apple Michael W. Official Knowledge: Democratic Education in a Conservative Age 2014 third edition New York Routledge
4. Au Wayne"“Teaching Under the New Taylorism: High-stakes Testing and the Standardization of the 21st Century Curriculum”" Journal of Curriculum Studies 2011Vol 43 no. 1 25 45 [Crossref]
5. Ball Stephen J. Global Education Inc.: New Policy Networks and the Neo-liberal Imaginary 2012 London Routledge
6. Charmaz Kathy Denzin Norman K., Lincoln Yvonne S."“Grounded theory in the 21st century: Applications for advancing social justice studies”" The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research 2005 third edition Thousand Oaks, CA Sage 507 535
7. Cheng Henan"“Inequality in Basic Education in China: A Comprehensive Review”" International Journal of Educational Policies 2009Vol 3 no. 2 81 106 2009
8. Cheng Pingyuan Yang Dongping"“National survey on suicide problems of primary and secondary school students in 2013”" Annual Report on China’s Education 2014 Beijing, China Social Sciences Academic Press 175 190 2014
9. Clandinin D. Jean Handbook of Narrative Inquiry: Mapping a Methodology 2007 Thousand Oaks Sage
10. Csikszentmihalyi Mihaly Creativity: The Psychology of Discovery and Invention 1996 London HarperPerennial
11. Dewey John Art as Experience 1934 New York Perigee Books
12. Dimitrov Martin K. Dimitrov Martin K."“Understanding communist collapse and resilience”" Why Communism Did Not Collapse: Understanding Authoritarian Regime Resilience in Asia and Europe 2013 New York Cambridge University Press 3 39 [Crossref]
13. Draper Janet Darling-Hammond Linda, Lieberman Ann"“Hong Kong: Professional preparation and development of teachers in a market economy”" Teacher Education Around the World: Changing Policies and Practices 2012 New York Routledge 81 97
14. Eisner Elliot W. Flinders David J., Thornton Stephen J."“What does it mean to say that a school is doing well?”" The Curriculum Studies Reader 2001/2004 second edition New York Routledge 297 305
15. Freire Paulo Pedagogy of the Oppressed 2000 thirtieth edition New York Continuum
16. Gracie Carrie"“Can China become a leading global innovator?”" bbc News 2014 October Accessed May 11, 2017
17. Hagopian Jesse More Than a Score: The New Uprising Against High-stakes Testing 2014 Chicago Haymarket
18. Hollands Ish Mandy"“Creativity and Imagination in Schools: A Reflection on Practice”" LEARNing Landscapes 2016Vol 9 no. 2 301 315
19. Jensen Eric Teaching with Poverty in Mind: What Being Poor Does to Kids’ Brains and What Schools Can Do About it 2009 Alexandria, VA ASCD
20. Kaufman James C., Beghetto Ronald A."“Beyond Big and Little: The Four C Model of Creativity”" Review of General Psychology 2009Vol 13 no. 1 1 12 [Crossref]
21. Kirkpatrick R., Zang Yuebing"“The Negative Influences of Exam-Oriented Education on Chinese High School Students: Backwash from Classroom to Child”" Language Testing in Asia 2011Vol 1 no. 3 36 45 [Crossref]
22. Li Qi, Gerstl-Pepin Cynthia Li Qi, Gerstl-Pepin Cynthia Survival of the Fittest: The Shifting Contours of Higher Education in China and the United States 2014 Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg Springer-Verlag GmbH Press
23. Marshall Catherine, Rossman Gretchen B. Designing Qualitative Research 2016 sixth edition Thousand Oaks, CA Sage
24. Miles Matthew B., Huberman Michael A., Saldaña Johnny Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook 2013 third edition Thousand Oaks, CA Sage
25. Mullen Carol A. Creativity and Education in China: Paradox and Possibilities for an Era of Accountability 2017 New York Routledge
26. Mumford Michael D."“Where Have We Been, Where Are We Going? Taking Stock in Creativity Research”" Creativity Research Journal 2003Vol 15 107 120 [Crossref]
27. Osnos Evan Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth, and Faith in the New China 2014 New York Farrar, Straus and Giroux
28. Robinson Ken Creative Schools: The Grassroots Revolution That’s Transforming Education 2015 New York Viking
29. Sjøberg Svein Tienken Christopher H., Mullen Carol A."“OECD, PISA, and globalization: The influence of the international assessment regime”" Education Policy Perils: Tackling the Tough Issues 2016 New York Routledge 102 133
30. Staats Lorin K."“The Cultivation of Creativity in the Chinese Culture—Past, Present, and Future”" Journal of Strategic Leadership 2011Vol 3 no. 1 45 53
31. Starr John B. Understanding China: A Guide to China’s Economy, History, and Political Culture 2010 third edition New York Farrar, Straus, and Giroux
32. Sternberg Robert J. Kaufman James C., Sternberg Robert J."“Introduction”" The International Handbook of Creativity 2006 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1 9 [Crossref]
33. Tobin Joseph, Hsueh Yeh, Karasawa Mayumi Preschool in Three Cultures Revisited: China, Japan, and the United States 2009 Chicago University of Chicago Press [Crossref]
34. Tramaglini Thomas, Tienken Christopher H. Tienken Christopher H., Mullen Carol A."“Customized curriculum and high achievement in high-poverty schools”" Education Policy Perils: Tackling the Tough Issues 2016 New York Routledge 75 101
35. Tucker Marc S. Tucker Marc S. Surpassing Shanghai 2011 Cambridge, MA Harvard Education Press
36. Wagner Tony Creating Innovators: The Making of Young People Who Will Change the World 2012 New York Scribner
37. Zhao Yhao World Class Learners: Educating Creative and Entrepreneurial Students 2012 Thousand Oaks, CA Corwin
38. Zhao Yhao Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Dragon? 2014 Thousand Oaks, CA Jossey-Bass

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    International Journal of Chinese Education — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation