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Open Access The Formation of Greek Place-nouns in -εών/-ών

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The Formation of Greek Place-nouns in -εών/-ών

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This paper sets forth a new theory for the origin of the ancient Greek class of place-noun derivatives characterized by a stem formant that appears as either -ών- or -εών- depending on the dialect. In the classical period and afterward, the stem formant acts as a simple productive suffix that derives place-nouns from noun bases. I propose that these place-nouns were originally formed as further derivatives of derived adjectival bases. Later, but still at a relatively early stage of Greek, the combination of the genitival suffix -ε(ι)ο- and the substantivizing ‘Strabon suffix’ -ō̆n- was reanalyzed as monomorphemic and propagated as a productive unitary formant.

Affiliations: 1: Cornell University elb252@cornell.edu

10.1163/22125892-00401002
/content/journals/10.1163/22125892-00401002
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This paper sets forth a new theory for the origin of the ancient Greek class of place-noun derivatives characterized by a stem formant that appears as either -ών- or -εών- depending on the dialect. In the classical period and afterward, the stem formant acts as a simple productive suffix that derives place-nouns from noun bases. I propose that these place-nouns were originally formed as further derivatives of derived adjectival bases. Later, but still at a relatively early stage of Greek, the combination of the genitival suffix -ε(ι)ο- and the substantivizing ‘Strabon suffix’ -ō̆n- was reanalyzed as monomorphemic and propagated as a productive unitary formant.

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/content/journals/10.1163/22125892-00401002
2016-01-01
2017-12-14

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