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Jiang Baili: Frustrated Military Intellectual in Republican China

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image of Journal of Chinese Military History

The 1911-1927 period represented a window of opportunity for the creation of a Chinese military structure with a professional officer corps. After the fall of the Qing dynasty, Jiang Baili emerged as a rare military theorist who had intellectual status, a nuanced understanding of civil-military affairs, and both domestic and foreign military training. The failure of Jiang Baili to influence China’s military development was mainly due to his individual difficulties in focusing his intellectual talents on real-world issues. After producing two seminal works in the 1910s, Jiang lived for another twenty years as a marginalized, increasingly eccentric military analyst.

Affiliations: 1: The George Washington University


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1. Boorman Howard L. Biographical Dictionary of Republican China 1967 New York and London Columbia University Press
2. Cao Juren 曹聚仁 Jiang Baili pingzhuan 蔣百里評傳 [Critical Biography of Jiang Baili] 1963 Hong Kong Liyu tushu wenju gongsi
3. Cao Juren 曹聚仁 Jiang Baili pingzhuan 蔣百里評傳 [Critical Biography of Jiang Baili] 1998 Taipei Yiqiao chubanshe
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27. Zheng Zhiting 郑志廷 , Zhang Qiushan 张秋山 Baoding lujun xuetang ji junguan xue xiao shi lue 保定陆军学堂暨军官学校史略 [Baoding Military Academy—A School History] 2005 Beijing Renmin chubanshe

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