Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Portuguese Defence Activities at Macau During the Boxer Uprising

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Chinese Military History

This article examines Portuguese colonial and military activities at Macau during the Boxer Uprising of 1900, connecting developments across the border in Guangdong with initiatives undertaken by the colonial authorities in Macau. The Portuguese perceived the situation to be serious enough that substantial reinforcements were eventually sent from the metropole, in addition to various other measures taken to strengthen the colony’s defenses. Portugal also used Macau as a base to coordinate the operations of its consulates in China, and exploited the Boxer debacle to press for new concessions and other advantages at China’s expense. At the end, it is hoped that the limited and relatively unknown role played by Portugal, in conjunction with the larger kaleidoscope of events around Macau, may be better illuminated.

Affiliations: 1: National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. a.h.m. Arquivo Histórico Macau (Macau)Fundo Secretaria de Estado da Marinha e Ultramar, ssc: 1a Repartição, sr 001: Saida de Correspondência para Macau e Timor, 1897-1901 (CO721).Fundo Secretaria de Estado da Marinha e Ultramar, Direcção-Geral do Ultramar, ssc: Repartição Militar, sr 004: Gerais de Macau, 1900-1902 (CO840).Boletim Official (b.o.), 1900-1901.
2. a.h.m. Arquivo Histórico Militar (Lisbon)Relatorio do commandante do expediçionario a Macau em 1900.
3. i.a.c.m. Biblioteca do Edificio do Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais (Macau) Porvir
4. a.h.d. (m.n.e.). Arquivo Histórico Diplomático (Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros) (Lisbon) Caixa 1234, Caixa 1236.
5. tsyk Pereira João F. Ta-Ssi-Yang-Kuo 大西洋国 [The Great Eastern Country]Vol vol. II Macau Fundação Oriente 1995
6. First Historical Archives of China and Macau Technical College (Beijing University) eds. 2004 Qing dai wai wu bu zhong wai guanxi dang’an shiliao congbian [The Collected Records of the Qing Foreign Affairs Office: Sino-Portuguese Relations Roll]Vol vol. 1 Beijing Zhonghua shuju
7. First Historical Archives of China 1995 Aomen zhuandang [Collected Records on Macau] Taipei Academia Sinica
8. Foster John 1913 Memoirs of the Viceroy Li Hung Chang London Constable and Co.
9. Wu Ruguan 1997 Li Hongzhang quan ji [Complete Collected Writings of Li Hongzhang] Haikou Hainan Press
10. Zhi Xin Bao"知新报 [Newspaper for Acquainting with New Knowledge]" 2 vols. Macau Aomen jijinhui 1999
11. Abrantes M. 1999 Macau e o Oriente Macau I.C.M.
12. Bing Sang 2004 Gengzi qin wang yu wan Qing zhengju [The “Gengzi qin wang” Movement and the Political Situation of the Late Qing Dynasty] Beijing Beijing University Press
13. Cação A. A. 1999 Unidades militares de Macau Macau Gabinete da Força de Segurança de Macau
14. Chang 1980"“Intellectual Change and the Reform Movement, 1890-8”" Fairbank John K., Liu Kwang-ching Cambridge History of ChinaVol vol. 11 pt. 2 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 274 338 [Crossref]
15. Clarence-Smith W. G. 1985 The Third Portuguese Empire, 1825-1975: A Study in Economic Imperialism Manchester Manchester University Press
16. Cohen Paul A. 1997 History in Three Keys: Boxers as Event, Experience, and Myth New York Columbia University Press
17. Costa R. da 1999 A marinha Portuguesa em Macau Macau Capitania de Portos de Macau
18. Esherick Joseph 1987 The Origins of the Boxer Uprising Berkeley University of California Press
19. Feng Tianyu 2006 Zhang Zhidong ping zhuan [A Critical Biography of Zhang Zhidong] Nanjing Nanjing daxue chubanshe
20. Feuerwerker Albert 1984"“Economic Trends in the Late Ch’ing Empire, 1870-1911”" Fairbank John K., Liu Kwang-ching Cambridge History of ChinaVol vol. 11 pt. 2 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1 69
21. Harfield Alan 1990 British and Indian Armies on the China Coast Farnham, UK A&J Partnership
22. Hsu Immanuel C.Y. 1980"“Late Ch’ing Foreign Relations, 1866-1905”" Fairbank John K., Liu Kwang-ching Cambridge History of ChinaVol vol. 11 pt. 2 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 70 141 [Crossref]
23. Garrett Richard 2010 The Defences of Macau Hong Kong Hong Kong University Press [Crossref]
24. Graça Jorge 1984 The Fortifications of Macau Macau Imprensa Nacional Macau
25. Jansen Marius B. 1954 The Japanese and Sun Yatsen Cambridge, MA Harvard University Press
26. Kennedy Paul M. 1989 The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000 London Fontana
27. Liang Qichao 1998 Li Hongzhang zhuan [Biography of Li Hongzhang] Chongqing Chongqing chubanshe
28. Ljungstedt Andrew 1836 An Historical Sketch of the Portuguese Settlements in China Boston James Munroe & Co.
29. Purcell Victor 1963 The Boxer Uprising: A Background Study Cambridge Cambridge University Press
30. Saldanha A. V. de 1996"“As conferências inter-governamentais de 1909 para a delimitação de Macau e o seu significado nas relaçðes Luso-Chinesas”" Saldanha A. V. de Estudos sobre as relações Luso-Chinesas Lisbon I.S.C.S.P. 589 612
31. Saldanha A. V. de 1999"“Reformismo e conservadorismo: O Vice-Rei Zhang Zhidong e a questão de Macau”" Jorge M. dos Santos Alves, coord. Portugal e a China: Curso livre de história das relações entre Portugal e a China Lisbon Fundação Oriente 125 138
32. Santos Alves, Jorge M. dos, coord. 1999 Portugal e a China: Curso livre de história das relações entre Portugal e a China Lisbon Fundação Oriente
33. Serrão Joaquim V. 1977-2010 História de Portugal 18 vols. Lisbon Editorial Verbo
34. Shipp Steve 1997 Macau, China: A Political History of the Portuguese Colony’s Transition to Chinese Rule Jefferson, NC McFarland & Co.
35. Silbey David 2013 The Boxer Rebellion and the Great Game in China New York Hill and Wang
36. Sim Teddy 2007"“A Probe into Macau’s Political Economy and Trade Relations during the Mid-Qianlong / Pombaline Period”" Revista de CulturaVol 24 2007 106 120
37. Tan Chester 1967 The Boxer Catastrophe New York Octagon Books
38. Teixeira Manuel 1984"“Macau e os Piratas”" Teixeira M. Os militares em Macau 2nd edition Macau Imprensa Nacional 340 341
39. Wang Yutang 1990 Liu Kunyi ping zhuan [A Critical Biography of Liu Kunyi] Guangzhou Jinan daxue chubanshe
40. Wu Qu 1991 Xinhai geming shi ditu ji [History of Xinhai Revolution Map Collection] Beijing Zhongguo ditu chubanshe
41. Wu Zhiliang 2010 Aomen zhengzhi zhidu shi [History of Macau’s Political System] Guangzhou Guangdong renmin chubanshe
42. Xiang Lanxin 2003 The Origins of the Boxer War: A Multinational Study London Routledge
43. Xie Shicheng 2006 Li Hongzhang ping zhuan [A Critical Biography of Li Hongzhang] Nanjing Nanjing daxue chubanshe
44. Yu Shenwu 1994 Shijiu shiji de Xianggang [Hong Kong of the Nineteenth Century] Hong Kong Qilin

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Chinese Military History — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation