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Full Access Selective Impairment of Timing Functions in Non-Clinical Impulsiveness

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Selective Impairment of Timing Functions in Non-Clinical Impulsiveness

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Time processing abnormalities in impulsive individuals have been reported by numerous studies, mostly using interval timing tasks. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether the relationship between time processing and impulsivity as a personality trait also holds for very short timescales as tested using a perceptual simultaneity task and for orientation towards longer temporal dimensions in terms of subjective time perspective. Thresholds of perceptual simultaneity were determined for forty-eight participants and their self-rated level of impulsivity and time perspective was assessed. Self-rated impulsivity and time perspective were found to be strongly related, but no relationship was found for impulsivity and perceptual simultaneity thresholds. These results suggest that perceptual simultaneity does not fall within the realm of timing functions related to personalities characterized by higher levels of impulsivity. The relationship between time processing and impulsivity seems to be selective to certain timing functions sparing very short timescales relevant for perceptual simultaneity.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

10.1163/22134468-00002008
/content/journals/10.1163/22134468-00002008
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Time processing abnormalities in impulsive individuals have been reported by numerous studies, mostly using interval timing tasks. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether the relationship between time processing and impulsivity as a personality trait also holds for very short timescales as tested using a perceptual simultaneity task and for orientation towards longer temporal dimensions in terms of subjective time perspective. Thresholds of perceptual simultaneity were determined for forty-eight participants and their self-rated level of impulsivity and time perspective was assessed. Self-rated impulsivity and time perspective were found to be strongly related, but no relationship was found for impulsivity and perceptual simultaneity thresholds. These results suggest that perceptual simultaneity does not fall within the realm of timing functions related to personalities characterized by higher levels of impulsivity. The relationship between time processing and impulsivity seems to be selective to certain timing functions sparing very short timescales relevant for perceptual simultaneity.

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