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Influence of Circadian Typology and Time of Day on Temporal Preparation

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The present study addressed the interactions between processes of circadian and millisecond timing by testing whether the ability for temporal preparation is influenced both by individual differences in circadian rhythmicity and by the time of day at which a task is performed. A temporal preparation task that measures temporal orienting and sequential effects was administered to morning-type and evening-type groups of participants, both in morning and evening sessions. The results confirmed a synchrony effect on overall reaction time (RT), indicating that participants were most vigilant at their optimal time of day according to their specific chronotype. This synchrony effect, however, did not influence temporal orienting or sequential effects. These findings suggest that only processes mediating overall RT (vigilance) but not processes related to temporal preparation are susceptible to circadian influence. The current research thus supports the dissociation between circadian timing and temporal preparation.

Affiliations: 1: 2Centro de Investigación Mente, Cerebro y Comportamiento, Universidad de Granada, Spain; 2: 3Laboratorio de Cronobiología, Departamento de Fisiología, Universidad de Murcia, Spain

10.1163/22134468-00002012
/content/journals/10.1163/22134468-00002012
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2013-01-01
2017-04-26

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