Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Impatience in Timing Decisions: Effects and Moderation

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Timing & Time Perception

Decisions on when to act are critical in many health care, safety and security situations, where acting too early or too late can both lead to huge costs or losses. In this paper, impatience is investigated as a bias affecting timing decisions, and is successfully manipulated and moderated. Experiment 1 (N = 123) shows that in different tasks with the same duration, participants perform better when acting early is advantageous, as compared to when acting late is. Experiment 2 (N = 701) manipulates impatience and shows that impatience induced by delays (a) affects timing decisions in the subsequent tasks, (b) increases a tendency to receive information faster, only for a few seconds, with cost and no gain, and (c) reduces satisfaction in the subsequent task. Furthermore, impatience is significantly moderated by showing fast countdowns during the delays. Experiment 3 (N = 304) shows that the mechanism behind this impatience moderation is altered time perception and presents trade-offs between duration perception and duration recall.

Affiliations: 1: Applied Cognitive Science Lab, College of Information Sciences and Technology, The Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA

10.1163/22134468-20181118
/content/journals/10.1163/22134468-20181118
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22134468-20181118
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Ahn H.-K.,, Liu M. W.,, & Soman D. (2009). "Memory markers: How consumers recall the duration of experiences". J. Consum. Psychol. , 19, 508516.
2. Angrilli A.,, Cherubini P.,, Pavese A.,, & Manfredini S. (1997). "The influence of affective factors on time perception". Percept. Psychophys. , 59, 972982.
3. Back K. W. (1961). "Decisions under uncertainty rational, irrational, and non-rational". Am. Behav. Sci. , 4, 1419.
4. Block R. A.,, George E. J.,, & Reed M. A. (1980). "A watched pot sometimes boils: A study of duration experience". Acta Psychol. , 46, 8194.
5. Block R. A.,, Zakay D.,, & Hancock P. A. (1998). "Human aging and duration judgments: A meta-analytic review". Psychol Aging , 13, 584596.
6. Boehm U.,, Hawkins G. E.,, Brown S.,, van Rijn H.,, & Wagenmakers E.-J. (2016). "Of monkeys and men: Impatience in perceptual decision-making". Psychonom. Bull. Rev. , 23, 738749.
7. Botella P.,, Bosch F.,, Romero F. J.,, & Parra A. (2001). "Sex differences in estimation of time intervals and in reaction time are removed by moderate but not high doses of caffeine in coffee". Hum. Psychopharmacol. , 16, 533540.
8. Bowman N. E.,, Kording K. P.,, & Gottfried J. A. (2012). "Temporal integration of olfactory perceptual evidence in human orbitofrontal cortex". Neuron , 75, 916927.
9. Buhrmester M.,, Kwang T.,, & Gosling S. D. (2011). "Amazon’s mechanical turk a new source of inexpensive, yet high-quality, data?" Perspect. Psychol. Sci., 6, 35.
10. Burle B.,, & Casini L. (2001). "Dissociation between activation and attention effects in time estimation: Implications for internal clock models". J. Exp. Psychol. Hum Percept. Perform. , 27, 195205.
11. Burt C. D.,, & Kemp S. (1994). "Construction of activity duration and time management potential". Appl. Cogn. Psychol. , 8, 155168.
12. Byrnes J. P.,, Miller D. C.,, & Schafer W. D. (1999). "Gender differences in risk taking: A meta-analysis". Psychol. Bull. , 125, 367383.
13. Croskerry P. (2002). "Achieving quality in clinical decision making: Cognitive strategies and detection of bias". AEM Educ. Train., 9, 11841204.
14. Delwadia V.,, Marshall S.,, & Welch I. (2010). The effect of user interface delay in thin client mobile games . In Proceedings of the eleventh Australasian conference on user interface., volume 106, Australian Computer Society, Inc. (pp. 513).
15. DeVoe S. E.,, & House J. (2012). "Time, money, and happiness: How does putting a price on time affect our ability to smell the roses?" J. Exp. Soc. Psychol. , 48, 466474.
16. Dittrich M.,, & Leipold K. (2014). "Gender differences in time preferences". Econ. Lett. , 122, 413415.
17. Ebert J. E.,, & Prelec D. (2007). "The fragility of time: Time-insensitivity and valuation of the near and far future". Manag. Sci. , 53, 14231438.
18. Francis-Smythe J. A.,, & Robertson I. T. (1999). "On the relationship between time management and time estimation". Br. J. Psychol. , 90, 333347.
19. Frederick S.,, Loewenstein G.,, & O’Donoghue T. (2002). "Time discounting and time preference: A critical review". J. Econ. Lit. , 40, 351401.
20. Fröhlich P. (2005). Dealing with system response times in interactive speech applications . In CHI’05 extended abstracts on human factors in computing systems, ACM, Portland, OR, USA (pp. 1379–1382).
21. Ghafurian M.,, & Reitter D. (2014). "Impatience, risk propensity and rationality in timing games. In Proceedings of the 36th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci), Quebec, Canada (pp. 2841–2846)".
22. Ghafurian M.,, & Reitter D. (2016). Impatience induced by waiting: An effect moderated by the speed of countdowns . In Proceedings of the 2016 ACM conference on designing interactive systems, Brisbane, Australia (pp. 556–564).
23. Gigerenzer G. (1996). "On narrow norms and vague heuristics: A reply to Kahneman and Tversky". Psychol. Rev. , 103, 592596.
24. Gil S.,, & Droit-Volet S. (2009). "Time perception, depression and sadness". Behav. Proc. , 80, 169176.
25. Gluth S.,, Rieskamp J.,, & Büchel C. (2013). "Classic eeg motor potentials track the emergence of value-based decisions". Neuroimage , 79, 394403.
26. Green L.,, & Myerson J. (2004). "A discounting framework for choice with delayed and probabilistic rewards". Psychol. Bull. , 130, 769792.
27. Green L.,, Fry A. F.,, & Myerson J. (1994). "Discounting of delayed rewards: A life-span comparison". Psychol. Sci. , 5, 3336.
28. Grossklags J.,, & Reitter D. (2014). "How task familiarity and cognitive predispositions impact behavior in a security game of timing". In Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF) , Vienna, Austria (pp. 111122).
29. Hansen J.,, & Trope Y. (2013). "When time flies: How abstract and concrete mental construal affect the perception of time". J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. , 142, 336.
30. Harrison C.,, Amento B.,, Kuznetsov S.,, & Bell R. (2007). "Rethinking the progress bar". In Proceedings of the 20th annual ACM symposium on user interface software and technology (pp. 115118). New York, NY, USA: ACM.
31. Hoffrage U., (2004). "Overconfidence". In Pohl R. F. (Ed.), Cognitive illusions: A handbook on fallacies and biases in thinking, judgement and memory (pp. 235254). Hove, UK: Psychology Press.
32. Hsee C. K.,, & Zhang J. (2004). "Distinction bias: Misprediction and mischoice due to joint evaluation". J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. , 86, 680695.
33. Kahneman D.,, & Snell J. (1992). "Predicting a changing taste: Do people know what they will like?" J. Behav. Decis. Mak. , 5, 187200.
34. Kirby K. N.,, & Herrnstein R. J. (1995). "Preference reversals due to myopic discounting of delayed reward". Psychol. Sci. , 6, 8389.
35. Levin I.,, & Zakay D. (1989). Time and human cognition: A life-span perspective . Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.
36. Loewenstein G.,, O’Donoghue, T., & Rabin M. (2000). "Projection bias in predicting future utility". UC Berkeley Economics working paper E00–284. Berkeley, CA, USA: University of California at Berkeley.
37. Macar F.,, Grondin S.,, & Casini L. (1994). "Controlled attention sharing influences time estimation". Mem. Cogn. , 22, 673686.
38. Maister D. H., (1985). "The psychology of waiting lines". In Czepiel J. A.,, Solomon M. R.,, & Surprenant C. F. (Eds), The service encounter: Managing employee/customer interaction in service businesses . Lexington, MA, USA: D. C. Heath and Company, Lexington Books.
39. Manzini P., & Mariotti M. (2006). "A vague theory of choice over time". Adv. Theor. Econ. ,Vol 6, 127.
40. Manzini P., & Mariotti M., (2007). "Choice over time. IZA Discussion Paper No. 2993." In Anand P.,, Pattanaik P., and Puppe C. (Eds), Oxford handbook of rational and social choice (pp. 239270). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
41. Mazur J. E., (1987). "An adjusting procedure for studying delayed reinforcement". In Commons M. L.,, Mazur J. E.,, Nevin J. A.,, & Rachlin H. (Eds), Quantitative analyses of behavior , Vol. 5: The effect of delay and of intervening events on reinforcement value (pp. 5573). New York, NY, US: Psychology Press.
42. McAuley J. D.,, Jones M. R.,, Holub S.,, Johnston H. M.,, & Miller N. S. (2006). "The time of our lives: Life span development of timing and event tracking". J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. , 135, 348367.
43. Meertens R. M., & Lion R. (2008). "Measuring an individual’s tendency to take risks: The risk propensity scale". J. Appl. Soc. Psychol. , 38, 15061520.
44. Mormann M. M.,, Malmaud J.,, Huth A.,, Koch C.,, & Rangel A. (2010). "The drift diffusion model can account for the accuracy and reaction time of value-based choices under high and low time pressure". Judgm. Decis. Mak. , 5, 437449.
45. Moser P. K. (1990). Rationality in action: Contemporary approaches . Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
46. Noulhiane M.,, Mella N.,, Samson S.,, Ragot R.,, & Pouthas V. (2007). "How emotional auditory stimuli modulate time perception". Emotion , 7, 697704.
47. Novemsky N.,, & Ratner R. K. (2003). "The time course and impact of consumers’ erroneous beliefs about hedonic contrast effects". J. Consum. Res. , 29, 507516.
48. Olson K.,, Camp C.,, & Fuller D. (1984). "Curiosity and need for cognition". Psychol. Rep. , 54, 7174.
49. Orne M. T. (1962). "On the social psychology of the psychological experiment: With particular reference to demand characteristics and their implications". Am. Psychol. , 17, 776783.
50. Paolacci G.,, Chandler J.,, & Ipeirotis P. G. (2010). "Running experiments on amazon mechanical turk". Judgm. Decis. Mak. , 5, 411419.
51. Pastor M. A.,, & Artieda J. (1996). Time, internal clocks and movement . Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.
52. Petty R. E.,, Briñol P.,, Loersch C.,, McCaslin M. J.,, Leary M.,, & Hoyle R., (2009). "The need for cognition". In Leary M. R., & Hoyle R. H. (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 318329). New York, NY, USA: Guilford Press.
53. Pirolli P.,, & Card S. (1999). "Information foraging". Psychol. Rev. , Vol 106, 643675.
54. Poon C. S.,, & Koehler D. J. (2008). "Person theories: Their temporal stability and relation to intertrait inferences". Pers. Soc. Psychol. Bull. , Vol 34(7), 965977.
55. Powell M.,, & Ansic D. (1997). "Gender differences in risk behaviour in financial decision-making: An experimental analysis". J. Ecom. Psychol. , 18, 605628.
56. Rabin M. (1998). "Psychology and economics". J. Econ. Lit. , 36, 1146.
57. Rudd M.,, Vohs K. D.,, & Aaker J. (2012). "Awe expands people’s perception of time, alters decision making, and enhances well-being". Psychol. Sci. , 23, 11301136.
58. Scott J., (2000). "Rational choice theory". In Browning G.,, Halcli A., & F.Webster (Eds), Understanding contemporary society: Theories of the present (pp. 126138). London, UK: Sage.
59. Simon H. A. (1972). "Theories of bounded rationality". Decis. Organ. , Vol 1, 161176.
60. Simon H. A. (1986). "Rationality in psychology and economics". J. Bus. , Vol 59, S209S224.
61. Simon H. A. (1993). "Decision making: Rational, nonrational, and irrational". Educ. Adm. Q ., 29), 392411.
62. Spranca M.,, Minsk E.,, & Baron J. (1991). "Omission and commission in judgment and choice". J. Exp. Soc. Psychol. , 27, 76105.
63. Stine M. M.,, O’Connor, R. J., Yatko B. R.,, Grunberg N. E.,, & Cousino Klein L. (2002). "Evidence for a relationship between daily caffeine consumption and accuracy of time estimation". Hum. Psychopharmacol. , 17, 361367.
64. Szameitat A. J.,, Rummel J.,, Szameitat D. P.,, & Sterr A. (2009). "Behavioral and emotional consequences of brief delays in human–computer interaction". Int. J. Hum.-Comput. Stud. , Vol 67, 561570.
65. Taatgen N. A.,, Van Rijn H.,, & Anderson J. (2007). "An integrated theory of prospective time interval estimation: The role of cognition, attention, and learning". Psychol. Rev. , Vol 114, 577598.
66. Tversky A.,, & Kahneman D. (1974). "Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases". Science , Vol 185(4157), 11241131.
67. Urminsky O.,, & Zauberman G., (2016). "The psychology of intertemporal preferences". In Wu G.,, & Keren G. (Eds), The Wiley Blackwell handbook of judgment and decision making (pp. 141181). Chichester, UK: Wiley.
68. Van Rijn H.,, Gu B.-M., & Meck,W. H. (2014). "Dedicated clock/timing-circuit theories of time perception and timed performance. In H. Merchant, & V. de Lafuente (Eds), Neurobiology of interval timing (pp. 75–99). New York, NY, USA: Springer-Verlag Wittmann, M. & Paulus, M. P. (2008). Decision making, impulsivity and time perception. Trends Cogn". Sci. , Vol 12, 712.
69. Wood S. L.,, & Swait J. (2002). "Psychological indicators of innovation adoption: Cross-classification based on need for cognition and need for change". J. Consum. Psychol. , Vol 12, 113.
70. Zafirovski M. (2003). "Human rational behavior and economic rationality". Electron. J. Sociol. , Vol 7, 140.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/22134468-20181118
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22134468-20181118
2018-07-30
2018-09-22

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Timing & Time Perception — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation