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Increased Frustration Predicts the Experience of Time Slowing-Down: Evidence from an Experience Sampling Study

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Recent experience sampling research supports the idea that our experience of time speeds up when we are happy and slows down when we feel sad. However, this research had only examined a single negative mood state namely, sadness. Here, I extend this research by testing whether the experience of time speeding-up and slowing down is associated with other thoughts and negative mood states. Thirty-nine participants aged from 18 to 29 completed an experience sampling procedure that lasted for five consecutive days. The experience sampling procedure included measures of time experience (passage of time judgements), mood, levels of activity and time orientation. Increased frustration predicted the experience of time slowing down more than sadness and increased activity, thinking about the future and to a lesser extent happiness, predicted time moving more quickly. Implications of the findings are discussed in relation to laboratory-based studies of time perception.

Affiliations: 1: Psychology Group, School of Social, Psychological & Communication Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, [CL 815], City Campus, Leeds, LS1 3HE, UK


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