Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Analysis of Reused Material Culture for Late Antique Studies

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Late Antique Archaeology

AbstractThis paper surveys reused and recycled material culture from the Roman period, particularly that found in late antique contexts. While there is a focus on Late/Post Roman material from Britain, examples from wider Late Antiquity are also included. Reuse and recycling is clearly part of normal Roman practice, however particular instances must be evaluated within their specific contexts and the varied motives that exist for reuse behaviour need to be considered. Reuse seems to increase significantly in the late 4th c. onwards in Britain, and this well-documented evidence can most readily be explained firstly in relation to the wider problems with production and distribution systems that led to a collapse in the availability of new durable material culture at the end of the 4th c. and secondly with regard to wider cultural change.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Annable F. , Eagles B. The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Blacknall Field, Pewsey, Wiltshire 2010 Devizes (Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society Monograph Series no. 4) 2010
2. Appadurai A. The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective 1986 Cambridge 1986
3. Barker P. , et al The Baths Basilica Wroxeter: Excavations 1966–90 1997 London (English Heritage Archaeological Report 8) 1997
4. Basford F. IOW-1D6AE1 A ROMAN COIN: 2012 last accessed 20 May 2013 webpage available at
5. Bass G. "“The nature of the Serçe Limani glass”" JGS 1984 Vol 26 64 69 (1984)
6. Bass G. , Van Doorninck F. Yassi Ada: a Seventh-Century Byzantine Shipwreck 1982 College Station, Texas 1982
7. Biddulph E. "“Last orders: choosing pottery for funerals in Roman Essex”" OJA 2005 Vol 24 23 45 (2005)
8. Biró M. Riddler I. "“Recycling worked bone in Pannonia: data on the curation of workshop debitage and worn/damaged objects in the Roman bone manufacturing industry”" Materials of Manufacture: the Choice of Materials in the Working of Bone and Antler in Northern and Central Europe during the First Millennium A.D. 2003 Oxford 19 24 (BAR-IS 1193) 2003
9. Bishop M. Allason-Jones L. "“Weapons and military equipment”" Artefacts in Roman Britain: Their Purpose and Use 2011 Cambridge 114 132 2011
10. Blockley R. , et al Excavations in the Marlowe Car Park and Surrounding Areas 1995 Canterbury (The Archaeology of Canterbury 5) 1995
11. Cameron A. "“Orfitus and Constantius: a note on Roman gold-glasses”" JRA 1996 Vol 9 295 301 (1996)
12. Caple C. "“Ancestor artefacts-ancestor materials”" OJA 2010 Vol 29 305 318 (2010)
13. Cool H. E. M. "“The finds of metal, glass and stone”" (forthcoming) (from Wattle Syke)
14. Cool H. E. M. Booth P. , et al "“Objects of glass, shale, bone and metal (except nails)”" The Late Roman Cemetery at Lankhills, Winchester:Excavations 2000–2005 2010 Oxford 266 309 2010
15. Cool H. E. M. Eating and Drinking in Roman Britain 2006 Cambridge 2006 [Crossref]
16. Cool H. E. M. Wilson P. "“An overview of the small finds from Catterick”" Cataractonium: Roman Catterick and its Hinterland. Excavations and Research 1958–1997 Part II 2002 York 24 43 (Council for British Archaeology Research Report 129) 2002
17. Cool H. E. M. Wilmott T. , Wilson P. "“The parts left over: material culture into the fifth century”" The Late Roman Transition in the North: Papers from the Roman Archaeology Conference, Durham 1999 2000 Oxford 47 65 (BAR-BS 299) 2000
18. Cool H. E. M. Wrathmell S. , Nicolson A. "“Silver and copper-alloy objects (other than brooches)”" Dalton Parlours: Iron Age Settlement and Roman Villa 1990 Wakefield 79 97 (Yorkshire Archaeology 3) 1990
19. Cool H. E. M. , Lloyd-Morgan G. , Hooley A. D. Finds from the Fortress 1995 York (Archaeology of York 17/10) 1995
20. Cool H. E. M. , Philo C. Roman Castleford: Excavations 1974–85. Vol. 1, The Small Finds 1998 Wakefield (Yorkshire Archaeology 4) 1998
21. Coulston J. Collins R. , Allason-Jones L. "“Military equipment of the ‘long’ 4th century on Hadrian’s Wall”" Finds from the Frontier: Material Culture in the 4th–5th Centuries 2010 York 50 63 (Council for British Archaeology Research Report 162) 2010
22. Crawford J. The Byzantine Shops at Sardis 1990 Cambridge, Mass. (Archaeological Exploration of Sardis 9) 1990
23. Crummy N. The Roman Small Finds from Excavations in Colchester 1971–79 1983 Colchester (Colchester Archaeological Report 2) 1983
24. Degryse P. , Schneider J. , Lauwers V. , Muchez P. , Haack U. , Waelkens M. "“Analytical evidence for glass ‘recycling’ using Pb and Sr isotopic ratios and Sr mixing lines: the case of Early Byzantine Sagalassos”" JAS 2006 Vol 33 4 494 501 2006
25. Dungworth D. "“Roman copper alloys: analysis of artefacts from northern Britain”" JAS 1997 Vol 24 10 901 910 (1997)
26. Eckardt H. , Williams H. Williams H. "“Objects without a past?”" Archaeologies of Remembrance: Death and Memory in Past Societies 2003 New York 141 170 2003 [Crossref]
27. Evans J. , Millett M. "“Residuality revisited”" OJA 1992 Vol 11 2 225 240 (1992)
28. Evans J. , Ratkai S. Ferris I. "“Roman pottery”" The Beautiful Rooms are Empty: Excavations at Binchester Roman Fort, County Durham, 1976–81 and 1986–91 2010 Durham 113 218 2010
29. Evison V. Dover: the Buckland Anglo-Saxon Cemetery 1987 London (Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England Archaeological Report 3) 1987
30. Farwell D. , Molleson T. Poundbury: Volume 2; The Cemeteries 1993 Dorchester 1993
31. Fleming R. "“ ‘Recycling in Britain after the fall of Rome’s metal economy”" PastPres 2012 Vol 217 3 45 (2012)
32. Forster R. "“Corstopitum: report of the excavations in 1907”" Archaeologia Aeliana 1908 4 205 303 3rd series (1908)
33. Foster H. , Jackson C. "“The composition of Late Romano-British colourless vessel glass: glass production and consumption”" JAS 2010 Vol 37 12 3068 3080 (2010)
34. Fulford M. , Peacock D. " Excavations at Carthage: the British Mission " The Avenue du President Habib Bourguiba, Salammbo: the Pottery and Other Ceramic Objects from the Site 1984 Vol vol. 1 2 Sheffield 1984
35. Gelichi S. Lavan L. , Swift E. , Putzeys T. "“The Modena well-hoards”" Objects in Context, Objects in Use: Material Spatiality in Late Antiquity 2007 Leiden 363 384 (Late Antique Archaeology 5) 2007
36. Gerrard J. "“The Draper’s Garden hoard: a preliminary account”" Britannia 2009 Vol 40 163 184 (2009) [Crossref]
37. González-Ruibal A. "“Restoring ontological security: Roman and native objects in Early Roman Gallaecia”" TRAC 2002: Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, Canterbury 2002 2003 Oxford 29 47 2003
38. Graeber D. Towards an Anthropological Theory of Value: The False Coin of Our Own Dreams 2001 New York 2001 [Crossref]
39. Greep S. "“Antler roundel pendants from Britain and the north-western Roman provinces”" Britannia 1994 Vol 25 79 98 (1994) [Crossref]
40. Guest P. The Late Roman Gold and Silver Coins from the Hoxne Treasure 2005 London 2005
41. Guggisberg M. Hunter F. , Painter K. "“Silver and donatives: non-coin exchange within and outside the Roman empire”" Late Roman Silver Within and Beyond the Frontier: the Traprain Treasure in Context 2013 Edinburgh 193 214 2013
42. Harris A. Harlow M. "“The social life of museum textiles: some comments on the late antique and Early Medieval collection in the Ure Museum at the University of Reading”" Dress and Identity 2012 Oxford 117 146 (BAR-IS 2356) 2012
43. Hirst S. An Anglo-Saxon Inhumation Cemetery at Sewerby, East Yorkshire 1985 York 1985
44. Hobbs R. Hunter F. , Painter K. "“Stray finds of hacksilver in Roman Britain?”" Late Roman Silver Within and Beyond the Frontier: the Traprain Treasure in Context 2013 Edinburgh 291 304 2013
45. Hunter F. , Painter K. Late Roman Silver Within and Beyond the Frontier: the Traprain Treasure in Context 2013 Edinburgh 2013
46. Keller D. Bruhn J. , Croxford B. , Grigoropoulis D. "“Social and economic aspects of glass recycling”" TRAC 2004: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, Durham 2004 2005 Oxford 65 78 2005
47. Kopytoff I. Appadurai A. "“The cultural biography of things: commoditization as process”" The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective 1986 Cambridge 64 91 1986 [Crossref]
48. Lauwers V. Lavan L. , Zanini E. , Sarantis A. "“Glass technology in Late Antiquity: a bibliographic note”" Technology in Transition A.D. 300–600 2007 Leiden 53 64 (Late Antique Archaeology 4) 2007
49. Lockyear K. "“Where do we go from here? Recording and analysing coins from excavations”" Britannia 2007 Vol 38 211 224 (2007) [Crossref]
50. Longley D. , Johnstone N. , Evans J. "“Excavations on two farms of the Romano-British period at Bryn Eryr and Bush Farm, Gwynedd”" Britannia 1998 Vol 29 185 246 (1998) [Crossref]
51. Marinescu C. Mathisen R. , Sivan H. "“Transformations: classical objects and their re-use during Late Antiquity”" Shifting Frontiers in Late Antiquity 1996 Aldershot 285 298 1996
52. Marsh G. Anderson A. , Anderson S. "“London’s Samian supply and its relationship to the Gallic Samian industry”" Roman Pottery Research in Britain and North-West Europe: Papers Presented to Graham Webster 1981 Oxford 173 220 (BAR-BS 123) 1981
53. Martin-Kilcher S. Pearce J. , Millett M. , Struck M. "“Mors immature in the Roman world: a mirror of society and tradition”" Burial, Society and Context in the Roman World 2000 Oxford 63 77 2000
54. McCracken G. Culture and Consumption: New Approaches to the Symbolic Character of Consumer Goods and Activities 1988 Bloomington, Indiana 1988
55. Meates G. The Roman Villa at Lullingstone, Kent: Volume II the Wall Paintings and Finds 1987 Maidstone 1987
56. Mould Q. Allason-Jones L. "“Domestic life”" Artefacts in Roman Britain: Their Purpose and Use 2011 Cambridge 153 179 2011
57. Millett M. , Graham D. Excavations on the Romano-British Small Town at Neatham, Hampshire, 1969–1979 1986 Winchester (Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society Monograph 3) 1986
58. Munro B. Mladenović D. , Russell B. "“Approaching architectural recycling in Roman and Late Roman villas”" TRAC 2010: Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference Oxford 2010 2011 Oxford 76 88 2011
59. Painter K. Hunter F. , Painter K. "“Hacksilver: a means of exchange?”" Late Roman Silver Within and Beyond the Frontier: the Traprain Treasure in Context 2013 215 242 (Edinburgh 2013)
60. Parker A. Ancient Shipwrecks of the Mediterranean 1992 Oxford (BAR-IS 580) 1992
61. Peña J. Roman Pottery in the Archaeological Record 2007 Cambridge 2007 [Crossref]
62. Plouviez J. West S. "“The Late Romano-British pottery”" West Stow, Suffolk: the Anglo-Saxon Village 1985 Ipswich 85 1985
63. Portable Antiquities Scheme database
64. Price E. Frocester: a Romano-British Settlement, its Antecedents, and Successors. Volume 3: Excavations 1995–2009 2010 Stonehouse 2010
65. Price E. Frocester: a Romano-British Settlement, its Antecedents, and Successors. Volume 2: the Finds 2000 Stonehouse 2000
66. Price J. McCray P. , Kingery W. "“The social context of glass production in Britain”" The Prehistory and History of Glassmaking Technology 1998a Westerville, Ohio 331 348 (Ceramics and Civilization 8) 1998
67. Price J. Romano-British Glass Vessels: a Handbook 1998b York 1998
68. Roppo F. Vetri paleocristiani a figure d’oro 1969 Bologna 1969
69. Soldberg B. Lodewijckx M. "“Ritual feasts: glass vessels in Norwegian graves of the Late Roman and migration periods”" Bruc Ealles Well: Archaeological Essays Concerning the Peoples of North-Western Europe in the First Millennium A.D. 2004 Leuven 203 210 (Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia Monographie 15) 2004
70. Suzuki S. The Quoit Brooch Style and the Anglo-Saxon Settlement 2000 Woodbridge 2000
71. Swift E. Collins , et al "“Reuse of glass, pottery and copper-alloy objects in the Late-Post Roman transition period in Britain”" AD 410: The End of Roman Britain. British Museum Conference Proceedings forthcoming (forthcoming)
72. Swift E. "“Object biography, reuse and recycling in the Late to Post-Roman transition period and beyond: rings made from Romano-British bracelets”" Britannia 2012 Vol 43 167 215 (2012) [Crossref]
73. Swift E. Regionality in Dress Accessories in the Late Roman West 2000 Montagnac (Monographies Instrumentum 11) 2000
74. Symonds R. Barber B. , Bowsher D. "“Pottery”" The Eastern Cemetery of Roman London: Excavations 1983–1990 2000 London 121 125 (MOLAS Monograph 4) 2000
75. Viane W. , Waelkens M. , Ottenburgs R. Waelkens M. , Poblome J. "“Archaeometric study of mortars used at Sagalassos”" Sagalassos. Report on the Survey and Excavation Campaigns of 1994 and 1995 1997 Leuven 405 421 (Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia Monographiae 9) 1995
76. Wallace C. "“Long-lived Samian?”" Britannia 2006 Vol 37 259 272 (2006) [Crossref]
77. Waugh H. "“The hoard of Roman silver from Great Horwood, Buckinghamshire”" Antiquaries Journal 1966 Vol 66 60 71 (1966) [Crossref]
78. White R. Britannia Prima. Britain’s Last Roman Province 2007 Stroud 2007
79. White R. Roman and Celtic Objects from Anglo-Saxon Graves: a Catalogue and an Interpretation of their Use 1988 Oxford 1988
80. Willis S. "“Samian pottery: a resource for the study of Roman Britain and beyond: the results of the English Heritage funded Samian Project”" Internet Archaeology 2006 Vol 17 (2006).
81. Wilson D. Skibo J. , Walker W. , Nielsen A. "“The analysis of domestic reuse in historical archaeology”" Expanding Archaeology 1995 Salt Lake City 126 140 1995
82. Wilson P. Cataractonium: Roman Catterick and its Hinterland: Excavations and Research, 1958–1997 2002 York (Council for British Archaeology Research Report 129) 2002
83. Woodward A. , Leach P. The Uley Shrines: Excavation of a Ritual Complex on West Hill, Uley, Gloucestershire 1977–9 1993 London 1993

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Late Antique Archaeology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation