Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Full Access Villas, Taxes and Trade in Fourth Century Hispania

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Villas, Taxes and Trade in Fourth Century Hispania

  • HTML
  • PDF
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Late Antique Archaeology

AbstractMany current models of the Roman economy are predicated on a bleak Late Antiquity, including Hopkins’ “taxes and trade” model. These models have yet to reckon with an uptick in economic matrices in the early 4th. This article addresses one piece of this puzzle, namely, expansion of villa construction in Hispania. The articles argues that this expansion was tied to increased imperial presence and intensified taxation, and produced a band of social opportunism of which villas are the detritus.

10.1163/22134522-12340032
/content/journals/10.1163/22134522-12340032
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
6
3
Loading

AbstractMany current models of the Roman economy are predicated on a bleak Late Antiquity, including Hopkins’ “taxes and trade” model. These models have yet to reckon with an uptick in economic matrices in the early 4th. This article addresses one piece of this puzzle, namely, expansion of villa construction in Hispania. The articles argues that this expansion was tied to increased imperial presence and intensified taxation, and produced a band of social opportunism of which villas are the detritus.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/journals/22134522/10/1/22134522_010_01_s011_text.html;jsessionid=IMmEP_wN6lJpICHVRXS5-Im8.x-brill-live-03?itemId=/content/journals/10.1163/22134522-12340032&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah
/content/journals/10.1163/22134522-12340032
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Adams C. E. P. Land Transport in Roman Egypt: a Study of Economics and Administration in a Roman Province 2007 Oxford http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203970.001.0001
2. Aguilar Saenz A. , Guichard P. Villas romaines d’Extrémadure: Doña María, La Sevillana et leur environnement 1993 Madrid
3. Albertini E. Les divisions administratives de l’Espagne romaine 1923 Paris
4. Almagro-Gorbea M. , Alvarez Martínez J. M. , Blázquez Martínez J. M. , Rovira S. El disco de Teodosio 2000 Madrid
5. Alarcão J. , Étienne R. , Mayet F. Les villas romaines de São Cucufate (Portugal) 1990 Paris
6. Arce J. "“Emperadores, palacios y villae(a propósito de la villa romana de Cercadilla, Córdoba)”" AnTard 1997a Vol 5 293 302
7. Arce J. El último siglo de la España romana (284–409) 1997b 2nd edn. Madrid
8. Arce J. "“Los caballos de Símmaco”" Faventia 1982 Vol 4 1 35 44
9. Ariño Gil E. , Díaz P. Teja R. "“El campo: propiedad y explotación de la tierra”" La Hispania del siglo IV. Administración, economía, sociedad, cristianización 2002 Bari 59 96
10. Bagnall R. "“Agricultural productivity and taxation in later Roman Egypt”" TAPA 1985 Vol 115 289 308
11. Banaji J. Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour and Aristocratic Dominance 2001 Oxford
12. Blázquez J. M. Mosaicos romanos de Leon y asturias 1993 Madrid
13. Blázquez J. M. Mastino A. "“Nombres de aurigas, de possessores de cazadores y perros en mosaicos de Hispania y Africa”" Africa Romana: atti del IX convegno di studio: Nuoro, 13–15 dicembre 1991 1992 Sassari 953 962
14. Blázquez J. M. Historia económica de la Hispania romana 1978 Madrid
15. Blázquez J. M. , Ortego y Frías T. Mosaicos romanos de Soria 1983 Madrid
16. Bowes K. Houses and Society in the Later Roman Empire 2010 London
17. Bravo Castañeda G. Teja R. , Pérez C. "“Prosopographia theodosiana (ii): el presunto ‘clan hispano’ a la luz del análisis prosopográfico”" Actas del congreso internacional. La Hispania de Teodosio 1997 Valladolid 21 30
18. Bravo Castañeda G. "“Prosopographia theodosiana (i): en torno al llamado ‘clan hispano’ ”" Gerión 1996 Vol 14 381 398
19. Bowman A. K. King C. "“The economy of Egypt in the earlier fourth century A.D.”" Imperial Revenue, Expenditure and Monetary Policy in the Fourth Century A.D. 1980 Oxford 23 40
20. Burford A. "“Heavy transport in classical antiquity”" Economic History Review 1960 Vol 13 1 18 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2591403
21. Carandini A. Randsborg K. "“Italian wine and African oil: commerce in a world empire”" The Birth of Europe: Archeology and Social Development in the First Millennium AD 1989 Rome 16 31
22. Carandini A. Carandini A. "“Da villa perfecta”" Settefinestre. Una villa schiavistica nell’Etruria romana 1985 Modena 107 137
23. Carrié J.-M. Bowman A. , Garnsey P. , Cameron A. "“Developments in provincial and local administration”" CAH 12. The Crisis of Empire, AD 193–337 2005 Cambridge 269 312
24. Carrié J.-M. "“Vitalité de l’industrie textile à la fin de l’Antiquité: considérations économiques et technologiques”" AnTard 2004 Vol 12 13 43
25. Carrié J.-M. , Rousselle A. L’empire romain en mutation. Des Sévères à Constantin (192–337) 1999 Paris
26. Cepeda J. J. "“Maiorina gloria romanorum: Monedas, tesoros y áreas de circulación en Hispania en el tránsito del siglo IV al siglo V ”" ArchEspArq 2000 Vol 73 161 192
27. Cerillo Martín de Caceres E. , et al "“Excavaciones en la villa romana de Monroy (Cáceres). 1981–1985”" Extremadura Arqueológica 1988 Vol 1 167 187
28. Cerrillo Martín de Caceres E. La vida rural romana en Extremadura 1984 Cáceres
29. Chavarría Arnau A. El final de las villae en Hispania (siglos IV–VII D.C.) 2007 Turnhout
30. Chavarría Arnau A. Bowes K. , Kulikowski M. "“Villas in hispania during the fourth and fifth centuries”" Hispania in Late Antiquity: Current Perspectives 2005 Leiden 519 552
31. Chavarría Arnau A. "“Transformaciones arquitectónicas de los establecimentos rurales en el nordeste de la tarraconensis durante la antigüedad tardía”" Butlletí de la Reial Acadèmia Catalana de Belles Arts de Sant Jordi 1996 Vol 10 165 202
32. Darder Lissón M. , Ripoll G. "“Caballos en la antigüedad tardía hispánica”" RArq 1989 Vol 104 41 51
33. Díaz P. C. , Menéndez-Bueyes L. R. Bowes K. , Kulikowski M. "“The Cantabrian Basin in the fourth and fifth centuries: from imperial province to periphery”" Hispania in Late Antiquity: Current Approaches 2005 Leiden 265 297
34. Dietz S. , Ladjimi Sebaï L. , Ben Hassen B. Africa Proconsularis. Regional Studies in the Segermes Valley of Northern Tunisia 1995 Copenhagen
35. Domergue C. Les mines de la péninsule ibérique dans l’Antiquité romaine 1990 Rome
36. Duncan-Jones R. Structure and Scale in the Roman Economy 1990 Cambridge http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511552649
37. Durliat J. Les finances publiques de Dioclétien aux Carolingiens (284–889) 1990 Sigmaringen
38. Edmonson J. "“Mining in the later Roman empire and beyond: continuity or disruption?”" JRS 1989 Vol 79 84 102
39. Edmonson J. Two Industries in Roman Lusitania: Mining and Garum Production 1987 Oxford (BAR-IS 362)
40. Fentress E. Bowman A. , Wilson A. "“Peopling the countryside. Roman demography in the Albegna valley and Jerba”" Quantifying the Roman Economy. Methods and Problems 2009 Oxford 127 174 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562596.003.0005
41. Fernández D. Economy and Society in Late Antique Iberia during Late Antiquity (300–600) 2010 (Ph.D. diss., Univ. of Princeton).
42. Fernández-Galiano D. Carranque. Centro de Hispania romana 2001 Alcalá de Henares
43. Fernández-Galiano D. Mosaicos romanos del Convento Caesaraugustano 1987 Zaragoza
44. Fernández Miranda F. , Mangas Manjarrés J. , Pereira J. , Plácido Suárez D. "“ ‘Alio itinere ab Emerita Caesaraugusta’. La vía romana entre Talavera de la Teina y Toledo y la implantación humana en el Valle Medio del río Tajo”" Simposio sobre la red viaria en la Hispania romana 1990 Zaragoza 155 163
45. Fernández Ochoa C. , Morillo Cerdán Á. Bowes K. , Kulikowski M. "“Walls in the urban landscape of Late Roman Spain: defense and imperial strategy”" Hispania in Late Antiquity: Current Approaches 2005 Leiden 299 340
46. Fernández Ochoa C. , Morillo Cerdán Á. Morillo Cerdán Á. "“Entre el prestigio y la defensa: la problematica estratègico-defensiva de las murallas tardorromanas en Hispania”" Arqueología militar romana en Hispania 2002 Madrid 577 589 Anejos de Gladius 5
47. Fernández Ochoa C. , García-Entero V. , Gil Sendido F. Las villae tardorromanas en el occidente del imperio: arquitectura y función. Actas del iv coloquio internacional de arqueología en gijón 2008 Gijón
48. Finley M. The Ancient Economy 1999 3rdedn Berkeley
49. Foss C. Humphrey J. H. "“The near eastern countryside in Late Antiquity: a review article”" The Roman and Byzantine Near East: Some Recent Archaeological Research 1995 Portsmouth Rhode, Island 213 234 JRA Supplementary Series 14
50. Fuentes Domínguez A. Fernández Ochoa C. "“La romanidad tardía en los territorios septentrionales de la Península Ibérica”" Los finisterres atlánticos en la antigüedad. Época prerromana y romana 1996 Madrid 213 221
51. Fulford M. G. King C. E. , Wigg D. G. "“Economic hotspots and provincial backwaters: modelling the Late Roman economy”" Coin Finds and Coin Use in the Roman World 1996 Berlin 153 177
52. Fulford M. G. "“Coasting Britannia: Roman trade and traffic around the shores of Britain”" Communities and Connections: Essays in Honour of Barry Cunliffe 2007 Oxford 54 74
53. García Figuerola M. Cuatro estudios sobre el AE2 teodosiano y su circulación en Hispania 1999 Oxford
54. García Figuerola M. "“A propósito del tesoro de Balboa del Bierzo”" Numisma 1996 Vol 237 225 247
55. García Moreno L. "“La arqueología y la historia militar visigoda en la península ibérica”" Actas del II congreso de arqueología medieval española 1987 Madrid 331 336
56. García Moreno L. Teja R. "“El ejército regular y otras tropas de guarnición”" La Hispania del siglo IV. Administración, economía, sociedad, cristianización 2002 Bari 267 284
57. Garmy P. , Maurin L. Enceintes romaines d’Aquitaine 1996 Paris
58. Giardina A. Scheidel W. , Morris I. , Saller R. "“The transition to Late Antiquity”" Cambridge Economic History of the Greco-Roman World 2008 Cambridge 743 768
59. Giardina A. , Grelle F. "“La tavola di Trinitapoli: una nuova costituzione di Valentiniano I”" MEFRA 1983 Vol 95 249 303 http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/mefr.1983.1364
60. Gómez Pallarés J. Edición y comentario de las inscripciones sobre mosaico de Hispania. Inscripciones no cristianas 1997 Rome
61. Gorges J.-G. "“Archéologie et économie des campagnes hispano-romaines: vingt- cinq ans de bibliographie commentée”" Mélanges de la Casa de Velásquez 1992 Vol 28 1 93 142 http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/casa.1992.2605
62. Gorges J.-G. Les villas hispano-romaines 1979 Paris
63. Grey C. "“Contextualizing colonatus: the origoof the Late Roman empire”" JRS 2007 Vol 97 155 175
64. Guardia Pons M. Los mosaicos de la antigüedad tardía en Hispania 1992 Barcelona
65. Hales S. The Roman House and Social Identity 2003 Cambridge
66. Harris W. V. Harris W. V. "“The nature of Roman money”" Monetary Systems of the Greeks and Romans 2008 Oxford 174 207 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233359.003.0010
67. Heather P. Cameron A. , Garnsey P. "“Senators and senates”" CAH 13. The Late Empire A.D. 337–425 1998 Cambridge 184 210
68. Hidalgo Prieto R. , Ventura Villanueva A. "“Sobre la cronología e interpretación del palacio de Cercadilla en Cordoba”" Chiron 1994 Vol 24 221 240
69. Hitchner W. B. Manning J. , Morris I. "“‘The advantages of wealth and luxury’: the case for economic growth in the Roman empire”" The Ancient Economy: Evidence and Models 2009 Stanford 207 222
70. Hong S. , Candelone J.-P. , Patterson C. C. , Boutron C. F. "“Greenland ice evidence of hemispheric lead pollution two millennia ago by Greek and Roman civilizations”" Science 1994 Vol 265 5180 1841 1843 http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.265.5180.1841
71. Hopkins K. "“Taxes and trade in the Roman empire (200 B.C.–A.D. 400)”" JRS 1980 Vol 70 101 125
72. Jones A. H. M. The Later Roman Empire, 284–602: a Social Economic and Administrative Survey 1964 Oxford
73. Jones A. H. M. "“Over-taxation and the decline of the Roman empire”" Antiquity 1959 Vol 33 39 43
74. Jones G. D. B. "“The Roman military occupation of north-west Spain”" JRS 1976 Vol 66 45 66
75. Jones B. , Bird D. "“Roman gold-mining in north-west Spain II: workings on the Rio Duerna”" JRS 1973 Vol 62 59 74
76. Juan Tovar L. C. Teja R. , Pérez C. "“Las industrias cerámicas hispanas en el bajo imperio. Hacia una sistematización de la sigillata hispánica tardía”" Actas del congreso internacional. La Hispania de Teodosio 1997 Valladolid 543 568
77. Keay S. Roman Spain 1988 Berkeley-London
78. Kelly C. Ruling the Later Roman Empire 2004 Berkeley
79. Kulikowski M. Bowes K. , Kulikowski M. "“Cities and government in late antique Hispania”" Hispania in Late Antiquity. Current Perspectives 2005 Leiden 31 70
80. Kulikowski M. Late Roman Spain and its Cities 2004 Baltimore-London
81. Kulikowski M. Burns T. , Eadie J. "“The interdependence of town and country in late antique Spain”" Urban Centers and Rural Contexts in Late Antiquity 2001 East Lansing, Michigan 147 161
82. Lepelley C. Les cités de l’Afrique romaine au Bas-Empire 1979–81 Vol 2 vols. Paris
83. Leone A. , Mattingly D. Christie N. "“Vandal, Byzantine and Arab rural landscapes in North Africa”" Landscapes of Change: Rural Evolutions in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages 2004 Aldershot 135 162
84. Leveau P. "“Introduction: les incertitudes du terme villa et la question du vicus en Gaule Narbonnaise”" RANarb 2002 Vol 35 5 26
85. Lewit T. Agricultural Production in the Roman Economy A.D. 200–400 1991 Oxford
86. Lo Cascio E. Crescita e declino: studi di storia dell’economia romana 2009 Rome
87. Lo Cascio E. Bowman A. , Garnsey P. , Cameron A. "“The new state of Diocletian and Constantine”" CAH 12 The Crisis of Empire, AD 193–337 2005 Cambridge 170 183
88. Lopes C. , Carvalho P. , Gomes S. Arqueologia do concelho de Serpa 1997 Serpa
89. Macmullen R. Corruption and the Decline of Rome 1988 New Haven, Connecticut
90. Maloney S. , Hale J. "“The villa of Torre de Palma (Alto Alentejo)”" JRA 1996 Vol 9 275 294
91. Mattingly D. Bowman A. , Wilson A. "“Peopling ancient landscapes: potential and problems”" Quantifying the Roman Economy. Methods and Problems 2009 Oxford 164 174
92. Mattingly D. Tripolitania 1995 London
93. Mattingly D. "“Oil for export? A comparison of Libyan, Spanish and Tunisian oil production in the Roman empire”" JRA 1988 Vol 1 33 56
94. McLynn N. Bowes K. , Kulikowski M. "“ ‘Genere hispanus’: Theodosius, Spain and Nicene orthodoxy”" Hispania in Late Antiquity: Current Perspectives 2005 Leiden 77 120
95. Mezquíriz Irujo M. La villa romana de Arellano 2003 Pamplona
96. Mulvin L. Late Roman Villas in the Danube-Balkan Region 2002 Oxford (BAR-IS 1064)
97. Neira L. , Mañanes T. Mosaicos romanos de Valladolid 1998 Madrid
98. Nozal Calvo M. "“El yacimiento de La Olmeda. La villa y el territorio”" Actas del III Congreso de historia de Palencia 1995 Vol vol. 1 Palencia 315 339
99. Orfila Pons M. "“Producciones de vajilla en la parte meridional de la Península Ibérica en el Bajo Imperio. Estudios de cerámica tardorromana y altomedieval”" Nakla 2007 Vol 10 83 105
100. Palme B. "“Die Officiader Statthalter in der Spätantike. Forschungsstand und Perspektiven”" AnTard 1999 Vol 7 85 133
101. Palol P. La villa romana de La Olmeda de Pedrosa de la Vega 1986 Palencia
102. Palol P. , Cortés J. La villa romana de La Olmeda, Pedrosa de la Vega 1976 Madrid
103. Panella C. , Tchernia A. "“Produits agricoles transportés en amphores: l’huile et surtout le vin”" L’Italie d’Auguste à Dioclétien. Actes du colloque international (Rome, 25–28 mars 1992) 1994 Rome 145 165
104. Parker A. J. Ancient Shipwrecks of the Mediterranean and the Roman Provinces 1992 Oxford (BAR-IS 580)
105. Pérez Losada F. Entre a cidade e a aldea. Estudio arqueohistórico dos “Aglomerados secundarios” romanos en Galicia 2002 La Coruña
106. Pettegrew D. "“The busy countryside of Late Roman Corinth: interpreting ceramic data produced by regional archaeological surveys”" Hesperia 2007 Vol 76 4 743 784 http://dx.doi.org/10.2972/hesp.76.4.743
107. Pita Mercé R. "“Mosaicos romanos tardíos en las comarcas del Segre y Cinca”" Boletín del Seminario de Estudios de Arte y Arqueologia 1969 Vol 34–35 31 64
108. Pita Mercé R. Economia de les terres ileidatanes al baix imperi romana 1977 Lleida
109. Purcell N. Harris W. V. "“The ancient Mediterranean: the view from the customs house”" Rethinking the Mediterranean 2005 Oxford 200 232
110. Quirós Castillo J. A. , Vigil-Escalera Guirado A. "“Networks of peasant villages between Toledo and Velegia Alabense, northwestern Spain (5th-10th centuries)”" Archeologia Medievale 2006 Vol 33 79 128
111. Rascón Marqués S. García Moreno L. , Rascón Marqués S. "“La ciudad de Complutum en la tardoantigüedad: restauracíon y renovacíon”" Complutum e las ciudades hispanas en la antigüedad tardía 1999 Alcalà de Henares 51 72
112. Rascón Marqués S. La ciudad hispanorromana de Complutum 1995a Madrid-Alcalà de Henares
113. Rascón Marqués S. "“La villa romana de El Val (Alcalá de Henares)”" JRA 1995b Vol 8 309 311
114. Rascón Marqués S. , Méndez Madariaga A. Teja R. , Pérez C. "“La villa hispanorromana de ‘El Val’ (Complutum, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid)”" Actas del congreso internacional. La Hispania de Teodosio 1997 Valladolid 663 673
115. Rathbone D. Scheidel W. , von Redden S. "“The ancient economy and Greco-Roman Egypt”" The Ancient Economy 2002 New York 155 169
116. Rautman M. Bowden W. , Lavan L. , Machado C. "“Valley and village in Late Roman Cyprus”" Recent Research on the Late Antique Countryside 2004 Brill 189 218 Late Antique Archaeology 2
117. Renfew C. , Cherry J. Peer-polity Interaction and Socio-Political Change 1986 Cambridge New Directions in Archaeology
118. Reynolds P. Hispania and the Roman Mediterranean, AD 100–700 Ceramics and Trade 2010 London
119. Reynolds P. Bowes K. , Kulikowski M. "“Hispania in the Late Roman Mediterranean: ceramics and trade”" Hispania in Late Antiquity: Current Approaches 2005 Leiden 368 486
120. Reynolds P. Settlement and Pottery in the Vinalopó Valley (Alicante, Spain) A.D. 400–700 1993 Oxford (BAR-IS 588)
121. Richmond I. "“Five town walls in Hispania Citerior”" JRS 1931 Vol 21 86 100
122. Ripoll López G. , Arce J. Brogiolo G. P. , Gauthier N. , Christie N. "“The transformation and end of the Roman villaein the West (fourth-seventh centuries): problems and perspectives”" Towns and their Territories between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages 2000 Leiden 63 114 (Transformation of the Roman world 9)
123. Rodà de Lanza I. Olmedo E. "“Iconografía y epigrafía en dos mosaicos hispanos: las villae de Tossa y de Dueñas”" VI coloquio internacional sobre mosaico antiguo 1994 Madrid 35 44
124. Rosman K. , Chisholm W. , Hong S. , Candelone J.-P. , Boutron C. F. "“Lead from Carthaginian and Roman Spanish mines isotopically identified in Greenland ice dated from 600 B.C. to 300 A.D.”" Environmental Science and Technology 1997 Vol 31 12 3413 3416 http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es970038k
125. Royal J. "“Illyrian coastal exploration program. The 2009 campaign”" Institute of Nautical Archaeology Annual 2009 45 54
126. Saller R. Manning J. , Morris I. "“Framing the debate over growth in the ancient economy”" The Ancient Economy: Evidence and Models 2005 Stanford 223 238
127. Sarris P. Bowden W. , Lavan L. , Machado C. "“Rehabilitating the great estate: aristocratic property and economic growth in the late antique east”" Recent Research on the Late Antique Countryside 2004 Leiden 55 71 Late Antique Archaeology 2
128. Scheidel W. "“Demographic and economic development in the ancient Mediterranean world”" Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 2004 Vol 160 743 757 http://dx.doi.org/10.1628/0932456042776069
129. Scott S. Art and Society in Fourth-Century Britain: Villa Mosaics in Context 2000 Oxford
130. Sfameni C. Ville residenziali nell’Italia tardoantica 2006 Bari
131. Sodini J.-P. "“Habitat de l’Antiquité tardive (2)”" Topoi. Orient-Occident 1997 Vol 7 2 435 575
132. Sodini J.-P. "“Habitat de l’Antiquité tardive”" Topoi. Orient-Occident 1995 Vol 5 1 151 218
133. Solana Saínz J. , Sagredo San Eustaquio L. Teja R. , Pérez C. "“La política edilicia viaria imperial en la Hispania del s. IV d.C.”" Actas del congreso internacional. La Hispania de Teodosio 1997 Valladolid 255 274
134. Taracena Aguirre B. "“Excavaciones en Navarra VII: la villa romana de Liédena (ii)”" Principe de Viana 1950 Vol 11 9 41
135. Taracena Aguirre B. "“Excavaciones en Navarra VII: la villa romana de Liédena (i)”" Principe de Viana 1949 Vol 10 354 384
136. Temin P. Lo Cascio E. "“Estimating GDP in the Early Roman empire”" Innovazione tecnica e progresso economico nel mondo romano 2006 Bari 31 54
137. Temin P. "“Financial intermediation in the Early Roman empire”" Journal of Economic History 2004 Vol 64 705 733
138. Temin P. "“A market economy in the Early Roman empire”" JRS 2001 Vol 91 169 181
139. Van Berchem D. L’armée de dioclétien et la réforme constantinienne 1952 Paris
140. Vanhaverbeke H. , Martens F. , Waelkens M. , Poblome J. Bowden W. , Lavan L. , Machado C. "“Late antiquity in the territory of Sagalassos”" Recent Research on the Late Antique Countryside 2004 Leiden 247 280 Late Antique Archeology 2
141. Van Ossel P. Établissements ruraux de l’Antiquité tardive dans le nord de la Gaule 1992 Paris
142. Van Ossel P. , Ouzoulias P. "“Rural settlement economy in northern Gaul in the late empire: an overview and assessment”" JRA 2000 Vol 13 133 160
143. Vera D. "“Dalla ‘villa perfecta’ alla villa di Palladio: sulle trasformazioni del sistema agrario in Italia fra principato e dominato”" Athenaeum 1995 Vol 83 189 211 331 356
144. Vera D. Francovich R. , Noyé G. "“Il sistema agrario tardoantico: un modello”" La storia dell’alto medioevo italiano (VI–X secolo) alla luce dell’archeologia 1992 Siena 136 138
145. Wallace-Hadrill A. Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum 1994 Princeton
146. Wickham C. Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean 400–800 2005 Oxford http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264490.001.0001
147. Wilkes J. J. Bowman A. , Garnsey P. , Cameron A. "“Provinces and frontiers”" CAH 12 The Crisis of Empire, AD 193–337 2005 Cambridge 212 268
148. Williams S. Diocletian and the Roman Recovery 1985 New York
149. Wilson A. Bowman A. , Wilson A. "“Approaches to quantifying Roman trade”" Quantifying the Roman Economy. Methods and Problems 2009 Oxford 214 249 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562596.001.0001
150. Wilson A. Lo Cascio E. "“The economic impact of technological advances in the Roman construction industry”" Innovazione tecnica e progresso economico nel mondo romano: atti degli incontri capresi di storia dell’economia antica (Capri 13–16 aprile) 2006 Bari 225 236
151. Wilson A. "“Machines, power and the ancient economy”" JRS 2002 Vol 92 1 32
152. Wilson A. Mattingly D. , Salmon J. "“Timgad and textile production”" Economies Beyond Agriculture in the Roman World 1990 London 271 296
153. Ziche H. Bang P. , Ikeguchi H. , Ziche H. G. "“Integrating Late Roman cities, countryside and trade”" Ancient Economies, Modern Methodologies. Archaeology, Comparative History, Models and Institutions 2006 Bari 255 276
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/22134522-12340032
Loading
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22134522-12340032
2013-01-01
2016-12-10

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation