Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Sudden Disappearance of Nitpael and the Rise of Hitpael in Modern Hebrew, and the Role of Yiddish in the Process

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Jewish Languages

In this article I will present some data about the uses and the distribution of Hitpael and Nitpael during the revival years of Modern Hebrew. While examining this new data, I will try to answer two questions: a) What caused the authors from 1870 to 1920 to prefer the Nitpael form over the Hitpael form; and b) What happened in later years when Hitpael took Nitpael’s place, and became much more frequently used in written and spoken Modern Hebrew? I suggest that Yiddish had influenced speakers to use the Nitpael form in earlier days, but that since its influence on speakers had diminished, and because the meanings of Nitpael are a sub-group of Hitpael’s meanings, Hitpael became the more frequent form of use.

Affiliations: 1: The Hebrew University of


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Beinfeld Solon, Bochner Harry Comprehensive Yiddish–English Dictionary 2013 Bloomington, IN Indiana University Press
2. Bolozky Shmuel Hazan Efraim, Livnat Zohar"“Nitpael and Hitpael in Israeli Hebrew.”" Mishnaic Hebrew and Related Fields: Studies in Honor of Shimon Sharvit 2010 Ramat-Gan Bar-Ilan University Press 277 289 (in Hebrew)
3. Doron Edit Hatav G."“The Contribution of the Template to Verb Meaning.”" Modern Linguistics of Hebrew 2008 Jerusalem Magnes Press 57 88 (in Hebrew)
4. Harshav Benjamin Yiddish and Jewish Discourse 2006Vol vol. 4 Jerusalem Carmel 32 46 (in Hebrew)
5. Reshef Yael Cohen Chaim E."“Continuity vs. Change in the Emergence of Standard Modern Hebrew: The Verbal System in the Early Mandate Period.”" Modern Hebrew: Two Hundred and Fifty Years 2009 Jerusalem Hebrew Language Academy 143 176 (in Hebrew)
6. Shatil Nimrod"“The Synchronic Status of Nitpa’el.”" Divrei ha-ḥug ha-yisr’eli levalshanut 2007Vol 16 105 127 (in Hebrew)
7. Siloni Tal Hatav G."“About the Hitpael Binyan.”" Modern Linguistics of Hebrew 2008 Jerusalem Magnes Press 111 138 (in Hebrew)

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Jewish Languages — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation