Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Open Access The Vowel System of Jewish Bukharan Tajik: With Special Reference to the Tajik Vowel Chain Shift

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

The Vowel System of Jewish Bukharan Tajik: With Special Reference to the Tajik Vowel Chain Shift

  • HTML
  • PDF
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Jewish Languages

The present article describes the vowel chain shift that occurred in the variety of Tajik spoken by Jewish residents in Bukhara. It identifies the chain shift as constituting of an intermediate stage of the Northern Tajik chain shift and accordingly tentatively concludes that in the Northern Tajik chain shift Early New Persian ā shifted before ō did, shedding light on the process whereby the present-day Tajik vowel system was established. The article is divided into three parts. The first provides an explanation of the variety of Tajik spoken by Jewish inhabitants of Bukhara. The second section explains the relationship between this particular variety and other varieties that have been used by Jews in Central Asia. The third section deals specifically with the vowel system of the variety and the changes that it has undergone since the late 19th century.

Affiliations: 1: Graduate School of Humanities, Nagoya University NagoyaJapan ido@nagoya-u.jp

* The author acknowledges financial support for this research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, C #25370490).
10.1163/22134638-12340078
/content/journals/10.1163/22134638-12340078
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading

The present article describes the vowel chain shift that occurred in the variety of Tajik spoken by Jewish residents in Bukhara. It identifies the chain shift as constituting of an intermediate stage of the Northern Tajik chain shift and accordingly tentatively concludes that in the Northern Tajik chain shift Early New Persian ā shifted before ō did, shedding light on the process whereby the present-day Tajik vowel system was established. The article is divided into three parts. The first provides an explanation of the variety of Tajik spoken by Jewish inhabitants of Bukhara. The second section explains the relationship between this particular variety and other varieties that have been used by Jews in Central Asia. The third section deals specifically with the vowel system of the variety and the changes that it has undergone since the late 19th century.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/journals/22134638/5/1/22134638_005_01_s004_text.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1163/22134638-12340078&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah
/content/journals/10.1163/22134638-12340078
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Aronson Howard I. Daniels Peter T., Bright William"“Yiddish”" The World’s Writing Systems 1996 Oxford Oxford University Press 735 742
2. Aronson L., Rosenhouse J., Rosenhouse G., Podoshin L."“An Acoustic Analysis of Modern Hebrew Vowels and Voiced Consonants”" Journal of Phonetics 1995Vol 24 283 293 [Crossref]
3. Bacher Wilhelm"“Das jüdisch-buchârische Gedicht Chudâidâd”" Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 1898Vol 52 197 212
4. Bacher Wilhelm"“Der Dichter Jûsuf Jehûdi und sein Lob Moses”" Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 1899Vol 53 389 427
5. Badalov R., Grinberg B., Mulloqandov E. Rafiqi kūdakon 1926 Tashkent Uzbekskoe Gosudarstvennoe Izdatel’stvo (reprinted in Rybakov 2011)
6. Benor Sarah Bunin"“Towards a New Understanding of Jewish Language in the Twenty-First Century”" Religion Compass 2008Vol 2 6 1062 1080 [Crossref]
7. Birnbaum Solomon A. Timm Erika"“Xudaidad”" A Lifetime of Achievement: Six Decades of Scholarly Articles by Solomon A. Birnbaum vol. 1: Linguistics 2011a Berlin Walter de Gruyter 463 502
8. Birnbaum Solomon A. Timm Erika"“A Bukharic Vocabulary”" A Lifetime of Achievement: Six Decades of Scholarly Articles by Solomon A. Birnbaum, vol. 1: Linguistics 2011b Berlin Walter de Gruyter 427 462
9. Boersma Paul, Weenink David Praat: Doing Phonetics by Computer (Version 5.3.84) 2014 accessed August 26, 2014 online at http://www.praat.org/
10. Borjian Habib Kahn Lily, Rubin Aaron D."“Judeo-Iranian Languages”" Handbook of Jewish Languages 2015 Leiden Brill 234 296 [Crossref]
11. Buzurgzoda Lutfullo Fonetikaji zaвoni adaвiji toçik 1940 Stalinoʙod Naşrijoti Davlatiji Toçikiston
12. Comrie Berhard The Languages of the Soviet Union 1981 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
13. Cooper Alanna E. Bukharan Jews and the Dynamics of Global Judaism 2012 Bloomington, IN Indiana University Press
14. Éfimov Valentin Aleksandrovich Yazȳk afganskikh khazara: Yakaulangskiĭ dialekt 1965 Moscow Nauka
15. Ešniëzov M. Dialektologiyai tojik (qismi yakum) 1977 Dushanbe Universiteti Davlatii Tojikiston ba nomi V. I. Lenin
16. Fernández Miguel Pérez An Introductory Grammar of Rabbinic Hebrew 1997 Leiden Brill
17. Forbes Duncan A Grammar of the Persian Language 1869 4th edition London Wm. H. Allen & Co.
18. Gesenius Wilhelm Cowley Arthur E. Gesenius’ Hebrew Grammar as Edited and Enlarged by E. Kautzsch 1910 Oxford Clarendon Press
19. Goerwitz Richard L. Daniels Peter T., Bright William"“The Jewish Scripts”" The World’s Writing Systems 1996 Oxford Oxford University Press 487 498
20. Gulkarov Josef Étimologicheskiĭ slovar’ bukharsko-evreĭskogo yazȳka 1998 Tel-Aviv Union of Bukharian Jews in Israel
21. Ḥakham Simon Shahin Torah 1902–1903 Jerusalem NP (second volume)
22. Huseynov Xudoydod, Šukurova Kimiyo Lughati terminhoi zabonšinosī 1983 Dushanbe Maorif
23. Ido Shinji Bukharan Tajik 2007 Munich Lincom
24. Ido Shinji"“Rensa suii to gengo sesshoku no intāfeisu”" Gengo-nō-ninchi no kagaku to gaikokugo shūtoku 2009 Tokyo Hitsuji Shobō 7 20 ed. Tōhoku Daigaku Gengo Ninchi Sōgō Kagaku coe Ronbunshū Kankō Iinkai
25. Ido Shinji Tajikugo bunpō binran 2012 Sendai Tohoku University Press
26. Ido Shinji"“Bukharan Tajik”" Journal of the International Phonetic Association 2014Vol 44 1 87 102 [Crossref]
27. Ido Shinji De Chiara Matteo, Grassi Evelin"“New Persian Vowels Transcribed in Ming China”" Iranian Languages and Literatures of Central Asia: from the 18th Century to the Present 2015 Paris Association pour l’avancement des études iraniennes 99 136
28. Inoue Masaji Chūō ajia ryokōki 1903 Tokyo Min’yūsha
29. Jankowski Henryk"“On the Language Varieties of Karaims in the Crimea”" Studia Orientalia 2003Vol 95 109 130
30. Johnson Robert M., Goerwitz Richard"“A Simple, Practical System for Transliterating Tiberian Hebrew Vowels”" Hebrew Studies 1995Vol 36 13 24 [Crossref]
31. Käntir L. M. Ozbekistanda mähalli yähudilär 1929 Samarkand Ozbek Däwlät Näshriyati
32. Khan Geoffrey Kaye Alan S."“Tiberian Hebrew Phonology”" Phonologies of Asia and Africa 1997Vol vol. 1 Winona Lake, IN Eisenbrauns 85 102
33. Khan Geoffrey Khan Geoffrey , et al"“Biblical Hebrew: Pronunciation Traditions”" Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics 2013aVol vol. 1 Leiden Brill 341 352
34. Khan Geoffrey Khan Geoffrey , et al"“Tiberian Hebrew Phonology”" Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics 2013bVol vol. 3 Leiden Brill 769 778
35. Kleine Ane"“Standard Yiddish”" Journal of the International Phonetic Association 2003Vol 33 2 261 265 [Crossref]
36. Kreitman Rina Khan Geoffrey , et al"“Phonetics of Modern Hebrew: Acoustic”" Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics 2013Vol vol. 3 Leiden Brill 77 86
37. Laufer Asher"“Hebrew”" Handbook of the International Phonetic Association 1999 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 96 99 ed. International Phonetic Association
38. Lazard Gilbert, Fischel Walter Joseph, Paper Herbert H., Shaked Shaul Skolnik Fred"“Judeo-Persian”" Encyclopaedia Judaica 2007Vol vol. 11 second edition Detroit, MI Thomson Gale 548 559
39. Levin Zeev Collectivization and Social Engineering: Soviet Administration and the Jews of Uzbekistan, 1917–1939 2015 Leiden Brill [Crossref]
40. Livshits V. A., Masumi N., Tadzhiev D. Asimov M. S."“Tadzhikskiĭ yazȳk”" Tadzhikskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika 1974 Dushanbe Tadzhikskaya Sovetskaya Éntsiklopediya 281 290
41. Margoliouth George"“Persian Hebrew MSS. in the British Museum”" The Jewish Quarterly Review 1894Vol 7 1 119 120 [Crossref]
42. Margoliouth George Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum 1909 London British Museum
43. Miller Corey"“Variation in Persian Vowel Systems”" Orientalia Suecana 2012Vol 61 156 169
44. Morag Shelomo"“Planned and Unplanned Development in Modern Hebrew”" Lingua 1959Vol 8 247 263 [Crossref]
45. Morag Shelomo Glinert Lewis"“The Emergence of Modern Hebrew: Some Sociolinguistic Perspective”" Hebrew in Ashkenaz 1993 Oxford Oxford University Press 208 221
46. Morag Shelomo Skolnik Fred"“Pronunciations of Hebrew”" Encyclopaedia Judaica 2007Vol vol. 16 second edition Detroit, MI Thomson Gale 547 562
47. Moreen Vera Basch In Queen Esther’s Garden: An Anthology of Judeo-Persian Literature 2000 New Haven, CT Yale University Press
48. Most Tova, Amir Ofer, Tobin Yishai"“The Hebrew Vowel System: Raw and Normalized Acoustic Data”" Language and Speech 2000Vol 43 3 295 308 [Crossref]
49. Muraoka Takamitsu A Grammar of Qumran Aramaic 2011 Leuven Peeters
50. Netzer Amnon Tikku Girdhari L."“Dāniyāl-nāme: A Exposition of Judeo-Persian”" Islam and Its Cultural Divergence: Studies in Honor of Gustave E. von Grunebaum 1971 Urbana, IL University of Illinois Press 145 164
51. Netzer Amnon"“Dāniyāl-nāma and its Linguistic Features”" Israel Oriental Studies 1972Vol 2 305 314
52. Paper Herbert H. The Musā-nāma of R. Shim’on Ḥakham 1986 Cincinnati, OH Hebrew Union College Press
53. Paul Ludwig"“Early New Persian”" Encyclopædia Iranica 2013a accessed March 28, 2016 online edition, http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/persian-language-1-early-new-persian
54. Paul Ludwig A Grammar of Early Judaeo-Persian 2013b Wiesbaden Reichert Verlag
55. Parfitt Tudor"“The Contribution of the Old Yishuv to the Revival of Hebrew”" Journal of Semitic Studies 1984Vol 29 255 265 [Crossref]
56. Rastorgueva Vera Sergeevna Opȳt sravnitel’nogo izucheniya tadzhikskikh govorov 1964 Moscow Nauka
57. Rendsburg Gary A. Kaye Alan S."“Ancient Hebrew Phonology”" Phonologies of Asia and Africa 1997Vol vol. 1 Winona Lake, IN Eisenbrauns 65 83
58. Reymond Eric D. Qumran Hebrew: An Overview of Orthography, Phonology, and Morphology 2013 Atlanta, GA Society of Biblical Literature
59. Romaine Suzanne Language in Society: An Introduction to Sociolinguistics 2000 second edition Oxford Oxford University Press
60. Rybakov Imanuel Easy Bukharian 2011 New York Association of the Bukharian Jewish Youth of the USA Achdut-Unity
61. Rzehak Lutz Baldauf Ingeborg, Gammer Moshe, Loy Thomas"“The Linguistic Challenge: Bukharan Jews and Soviet Language Policy”" Bukharan Jews in the 20th century 2008 Wiesbaden Reichert Verlag 37 55
62. Salemann Carl Chudâidât: ein jüdisch-buchârisches Gedicht 1897 St. Petersburg Imperatorskoĭ Akademĭi Nauk.”
63. Shachmon Ori Khan Geoffrey"“Hebrew Component in Judeo-Arabic, Yemen”" Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics 2013Vol vol. 2 Leiden Brill 402 406
64. Shapira Dan Stillman Norman A."“Dāniyal-Nāma”" Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic world 2010aVol vol. 2 Leiden Brill 25
65. Shapira Dan Stillman Norman A."“Khwāja Bukhārāʾī”" Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic world 2010bVol vol. 3 Leiden Brill 161
66. Shterenshis Michael Tamerlane and the Jews 2002 London RoutledgeCurzon
67. Sundermann Werner"“Zum Judenpersisch der Mas’at Binyāmīn”" Mitteilungen des Instituts für Orientforschung 1966Vol 11 275 300
68. Thomas Erik R., Kendall Tyler NORM: The Vowel Normalization and Plotting Suite 2007 accessed August 26, 2014 Online at http://ncslaap.lib.ncsu.edu/tools/norm/
69. Tolmas Chana Judeo-Tajik for Hebrew and English speakers 2010 Jerusalem Center for the Research and Study of the Jewish Communities in Iran, Bukhara and Afghanistan
70. Windfuhr Gernot Comrie Bernard"“Persian”" The World’s Major Languages 2009 second edition London Routledge 445 459
71. Windfuhr Gernot, Perry John R. Windfuhr Gernot"“Persian and Tajik”" The Iranian Languages 2009 London Routledge 416 544
72. Yabe Yūichi"“Oashisu no michi wa kewashi”" Shin shirukurōdo: gekidō no daichi o yuku, jō 2007 Tokyo Japan Broadcasting Publishers Association 157 197 ed. nhk Special New Silk Road Project
73. Yastrebova Olga, Azad Arezou"“Reflections on an Orientalist: Alexander Kuhn (1840–88), the Man and his Legacy”" Iranian Studies 2015Vol 48 5 675 694 [Crossref]
74. Zand Michael Yarshater Ehsan"“Bukhara vii. Bukharan Jews”" Encyclopædia Iranica 1990Vol IV 5 London Routledge & Kegan Paul 530 545
75. Zand Michael Ro’i Yaacov, Beker Avi"“Notes on the Culture of the Non-Ashkenazi Jewish Communities under Soviet Rule”" Jewish Culture and Identity in the Soviet Union 1991 New York New York University Press 348 444
76. Zand Michael Skolnik Fred"“Bukhara: The Origin and Sources of the Jewish Community”" Encyclopaedia Judaica, second edition, vol. 4 2007 Detroit, MI Thomson Gale 258 259
77. Zarubin Ivan Ivanovich"“Ocherk razgovornogo yazȳka Samarkandskikh Evreev”" Iran 1928Vol 2 95 180
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/22134638-12340078
Loading
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22134638-12340078
2017-06-15
2017-11-18

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation