Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Spatial Frequency Modulates the Degree of Illusory Second Flash Perception

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Multisensory Research
For more content, see Seeing and Perceiving and Spatial Vision.

When a brief single flash is presented simultaneously with two brief beeps, the number of presented flashes is often perceived as two. This phenomenon is referred to as the fission illusion. Several effects related to the fission illusion have been investigated using both psychophysical and neurophysiological methods. The present study examined the effects of spatial frequency on the fission illusion. At a low spatial frequency, transient channels respond preferably; conversely, sustained channels respond preferably at a high spatial frequency. Sustained channels differ in temporal properties from transient channels and are characterized by poor temporal resolution and slow-onset responses. In our previous study, visual stimuli presented at a slow processing speed were not conducive to the fission illusion. Therefore, we hypothesized that the fission illusion would not be difficult to observe when using high spatial frequencies. The results indicated that the degree of the perceived illusory second flash was reduced when spatial frequency was high as compared to when it was is low. Furthermore, according to signal detection theory, this difference between high and low spatial frequencies was not attributed to participants’ response biases. Therefore, the fission illusion likely will not occur in conditions of slow processing speed and long response latencies in sustained channels, which respond preferably to high spatial frequency stimuli. Overall, the results indicated that the fission illusion was affected by temporal characteristics of lower-order sensory processing stages.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Arts & Letters, Tohoku University, Kawauchi 27-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8576, Japan

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22134808-00002468
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Alais D. , Newell F. N. , Mamassian P. ( 2010). "Multisensory processing in review: from physiology to behavior", Seeing Perceiving Vol 23, 338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/187847510X488603
2. Andersen T. S. , Tiippana K. , Sams M. ( 2004). "Factors influencing audiovisual fission and fusion illusions", Cognit. Brain Res. Vol 21, 301308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2004.06.004
3. Arden G. B. , Wolf J. E. , Messiter C. ( 2003). "Electrical activity in visual cortex associated with combined auditory and visual stimulation in temporal sequences known to be associated with a visual illusion", Vis. Res. Vol 43, 24692478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0042-6989(03)00437-1
4. Bhattacharya J. , Shams L. , Shimojo S. ( 2002). "Sound-induced illusory flash perception: role of gamma band responses", NeuroReport Vol 13, 17271730. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001756-200210070-00007
5. Breitmeyer B. C. ( 1975). "Simple reaction time as a measure of the temporal response properties of transient and sustained channels", Vis. Res. Vol 15, 14111412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0042-6989(75)90200-X
6. Garner W. R. , Clement D. E. ( 1963). "Goodness of pattern and pattern uncertainty", J. Verbal Learning Verbal Behav. Vol 2, 446452. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5371(63)80046-8
7. Hoffman K.-P. ( 1973). "Conduction velocity in pathways from retinal to superior colliculus in the cat: a correlation with receptive field properties", J. Neurophysiol. Vol 36, 409424.
8. Kobatake E. , Tanaka K. ( 1994). "Neuronal selectivities to complex object features in the ventral visual pathway of the macaque cerebral cortex", J. Neurophysiol. Vol 71, 856867.
9. Koelewijn T. , Bronkhorst A. , Theeuwes J. ( 2010). "Attention and the multiple stages of multisensory integration: a review of audiovisual studies", Acta Psychol. Vol 134, 372384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2010.03.010
10. Macmillan N. A. , Creelman C. D. ( 2005). Detection Theory: A User’s Guide, 2nd edn. Psychology Press, Taylorand Francis Group, London, UK.
11. Maeda F. , Kanai R. , Shimojo S. ( 2004). "Changing pitch induced visual motion illusion", Curr. Biol. Vol 14, R990R991. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2004.11.018
12. McCormick D. , Mamassian P. ( 2008). "What does the illusory-flash look like?" Vis. Res. Vol 48, 6369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2007.10.010
13. Mishra J. , Martinez A. , Sejnowski T. , Hillyard S. A. ( 2007). "Early cross-modal interactions in auditory and visual cortex underlie a sound-induced visual illusion", J. Neurosci. Vol 27, 41204131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4912-06.2007
14. Mishra J. , Martinez A. , Hillyard S. A. ( 2008). "Cortical processes underlying sound-induced flash fusion", Brain Res. Vol 1242, 102115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2008.05.023
15. Mishra J. , Martinez A. , Hillyard S. A. ( 2013). "Audition influences color processing in the sound-induced visual flash illusion", Vis. Res. Vol 93, 7479. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2013.10.013
16. Morein-Zamir S. , Soto-Faraco S. , Kingstone A. ( 2003). "Auditory capture of vision: examining temporal ventriloquism", Cogn. Brain Res. Vol 17, 154163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6410(03)00089-2
17. Rosenthal O. , Shimojo S. , Shams L. ( 2009). "Sound-induced flash illusion is resistant to feedback training", Brain Topogr. Vol 21, 185192. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10548-009-0090-9
18. Sekuler R. , Sekuler A. B. , Lau R. ( 1997). "Sound alters visual motion perception", Nature Vol 385, 308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/385308a0
19. Setti A. , Chan J. S. ( 2011). "Familiarity of objects affects susceptibility to the sound-induced flash illusion", Neurosci. Lett. Vol 492, 1922. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2011.01.042
20. Shams L. , Kim R. ( 2010). "Crossmodal influences on visual perception", Phys. Life Rev. Vol 7, 269284. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plrev.2010.04.006
21. Shams L. , Kamitani Y. , Shimojo S. ( 2000). "What you see is what you hear", Nature Vol 408, 788. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35048669
22. Shams L. , Kamitani Y. , Thompson S. , Shimojo S. ( 2001). "Sound alters visual evoked potentials in humans", NeuroReport Vol 12, 38493852. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001756-200112040-00049
23. Shams L. , Kamitani Y. , Shimojo S. ( 2002). "Visual illusion induced by sound", Cogn. Brain Res. Vol 14, 147152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6410(02)00069-1
24. Shams L. , Iwaki S. , Chawla A. , Bhattacharya J. ( 2005a). "Early modulation of visual cortex by sound: an MEG study", Neurosci. Lett. Vol 378, 7681. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2004.12.035
25. Shams L. , Ma W. J. , Beierholm U. ( 2005b). "Sound-induced flash illusion as an optimal percept", NeuroReport Vol 16, 19231927. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.wnr.0000187634.68504.bb
26. Spence C. ( 2007). "Audiovisual multisensory integration", Acoust. Sci. Technol. Vol 28, 6170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1250/ast.28.61
27. Takeshima Y. , Gyoba J. ( 2013a). "High-intensity sound increases size of visually perceived objects", Atten. Percept. Psychophys. Vol 75, 501507. http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13414-012-0403-z
28. Takeshima Y. , Gyoba J. ( 2013b). "Complexity of visual stimuli affects visual illusion induced by sound", Vis. Res. Vol 91, 17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2013.07.013
29. Talsma D. , Senkowski D. , Soto-Faraco S. , Woldorff M. G. ( 2010). "The multifaceted interplay between attention and multisensory integration", Trends Cogn. Sci. Vol 14, 400410. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2010.06.008
30. Watkins S. , Shams L. , Tanaka S. , Haynes J.-D. , Rees G. ( 2006). "Sound alters activity in human V1 in association with illusory visual perception", NeuroImage Vol 31, 12471256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.01.016
31. Watkins S. , Shams L. , Josephs O. , Rees G. ( 2007). "Activity in human V1 follows multisensory perception", NeuroImage Vol 37, 572578. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.05.027
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/22134808-00002468
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22134808-00002468
2015-04-14
2017-11-22

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Multisensory Research — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation