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The Syntax Organization of Shape and Color and the Laws of Coloration in Vision, Art and Biology

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In this work we demonstrate that next to figure–ground segregation and perceptual grouping, as proposed by Gestalt psychologists, there is a further and more complex kind of organization related to the way object attributes like shape and color are organized to create a visual object. More particularly, through new logical and phenomenal implications, we explore the complexity of the phenomenal coloration and the syntactic relation between shape and color. Moreover, we extract the main laws ruling their phenomenal logic and organization. Finally, we present new conditions and a new paradigm based on the drawings and paintings made spontaneously by children of different ages in a drawing/painting task. Using this paradigm, it is assumed that the way children organize shape and color in their drawings and paintings is related to the way the visual system perceives their syntactic relation. The results show that, under the conditions studied, shape and color are organized as juxtaposed and in sequential order with the shape becoming hierarchically the core reference for the color. These results suggest a visual syntactic organization as a new kind of object formation process useful for understanding the language of vision and the implications for art and biology.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Sassari, Italy

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