Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Lay Perceptions of Two Modern Artworks

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Art & Perception

The paper is based on 82 open-ended interviews conducted by as many students during 2006–2013. The respondents were presented with pictures of two artworks, The Persistence of Memory (1931) by Salvador Dalí and Which Link Fails First? (1992) by Teemu Mäki, a Finnish contemporary artist. They were asked to comment and compare the two pictures and tell which one they liked better. The respondents’ spontaneous comments show different aspects of how an artwork is perceived and evaluated. The interviews were analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively. As the result of in vivo coding, 40 variables were created for use in a content analysis. The respondents focused on different things when evaluating the two artworks. When commenting Dalí’s painting, they paid attention on its affective and sensory characteristics, while Mäki’s work was discussed primarily in terms of its message and perceived lack of professional quality. In parallel, a selection of interviews was analysed in order to reveal the temporal sequence of discussing and evaluating different aspects of the paintings. The analysis showed three ways of discussing, which were called naïve, scholarly, and deliberative. The temporally structured model of aesthetic appreciation and judgement suggested in 2004 by Leder and his co-workers was used as a heuristic device for an analysis of the shifts of attention that take place when a discourse is created and anchored in perception. Both cognitive psychology and phenomenological sociology emphasize the dependence of perception on context and intention; there is reason to take that theoretical starting point seriously.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Sociology, Åbo Akademi University, Fänriksgatan 3, Åbo 20500, Finland


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Augustin M. D. ,, Leder H. ,, Hutzler F. , and Carbon C.-C. (2008). "Style follows content: On the microgenesis of art perception". Acta Psychol. Vol 128, 127138.
2. Funch B. S. (1997). The Psychology of Art Appreciation , Museum Tusculanum Press, Copenhagen, Denmark.
3. Funch B. S. (2000). "Hvorfor ser vi på billedkonst? [Why do we look at visual arts?]". Nordisk Museologi Vol 1, 8796.
4. Hanquinet L. (2013). "Mondrian as kitchen tiles? Artistic and cultural conceptions of art museum visitors in Belgium". Cultural Trends Vol 22, 1429.
5. Katz-Gerro T. (2002). "Highbrow cultural consumption and class distinction in Italy, Israel, West Germany", Sweden and the United States. Soc. Forces Vol 81, 207229.
6. Kvale S. (1996). Interviews: An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing , Sage, London, UK.
7. Lagerspetz O. (2006). Smuts. En bok om världen, vårt hem [Dirt. A book on the world, our home], Bruno Östlings Bokförlag Symposion, Stockholm/Stehag, Sweden.
8. Leder H. , and Nadal M. (2014). "Ten years of a model of aesthetic appreciation and aesthetic judgments: The aesthetic episode — Developments and challenges in empirical aesthetics". Br. J. Psychol. Vol 105, 443464.
9. Leder H. ,, Belke B. ,, Oeberst A. , and Augustin D. (2004). "A model of aesthetic appreciation and aesthetic judgments". Br. J. Psychol. Vol 95, 489508.
10. Leder H. ,, Carbon C.-C. , and Ripsas A.-L. (2006). "Entitling art: Influence of title information on understanding and appreciation of paintings". Acta Psychol. Vol 121, 176198.
11. Lengger P. G. ,, Fischmeister F. Ph. S. ,, Leder H. , and Bauer H. (2007). "Functional neuroanatomy of the perception of modern art: A DC-EEG study on the influence of stylistic information on aesthetic experience". Brain Res. Vol 1158, 93102.
12. Neisser U. (1976). Cognition and Reality. Principles and Implications of Cognitive Psychology , W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, CA, USA.
13. Parsons M. J. (1987). How We Understand Art: A Cognitive Developmental Account of Aesthetic Experience , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
14. Pinna B. ,, Koenderink J. ,, Pepperell R. , and Wagemans J. (2013). Editorial. Art Percept . Vol 1, 14.
15. Schutz A. , (1964a). "Some Structures of the Life-World", in: Collected Papers, II. Studies in Phenomenological Philosophy , Schutz A. (Ed.), pp. 116132, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands.
16. Schutz A. , (1964b). "The Dimensions of the Social World", in: Collected Papers, III. Studies in Social Theory , Schutz A. (Ed.), pp. 2063, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands.
17. Schutz A. (1967 [1932]). The Phenomenology of the Social World , Northwestern University Press, Evanston, IL, USA.
18. Silverman D. (1993). Interpreting Qualitative Data. Methods for Analyzing Text, Talk and Interaction , Sage, London, UK.
19. Strauss A. L. , and Corbin J. (1998). Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory , 2nd ed., Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA.
20. Wagemans J. ,, Koederink J. , and van Doorn A. (2013). "Pleasures of ambiguity: The case of Piranesi’s Carceri ". Art Percept. Vol 1, 121138.
21. Winston A. S. , and Cupchik G. C. (1992). "The evaluation of high art and popular art by naïve and experienced viewers". Visual Arts Res. Vol 18, 114.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Art & Perception — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation