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A Report of Investigation on the Industrial Cluster of Soybean Protein Processing in Heilongjiang

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image of Rural China

After a field investigation of the problem of decline in domestic production of soybean in the soybean-growing areas in Heilongjiang, we find that the direct reason behind the farmers’ unwillingness to grow soybean is the low profitability of soybean cultivation in relation to growing maize and other crops. Our study compares three modes of cultivation: under independent households, agricultural specialized cooperatives, and state-owned farms, respectively, and inquires into their different implications for the farmers’ income, the sustainability of soybean production, and the smoothness between different links of soybean processing. We further investigate the demand for raw materials in soybean processing, the process of production, and the marketing of products. We conclude that the solution to the decline in domestic production of soybean can be found in promoting large-scale agricultural cooperatives that integrate production-processing-sales. (This article is in Chinese.)摘要就国产大豆衰落的问题,本调研团队通过对黑龙江大豆产区的实地调研,发现农民不种大豆的直接原因是大豆种植利润低于玉米等其他作物。同时,团队对三种种植组织模式——个体散户、农业专业合作社和国有农场——中农民的利益保障、大豆生产的可持续性以及与大豆加工环节对接的能力进行了优劣比较,并考察了大豆蛋白加工产业的原料需求条件、加工流程特性、产品定位以及未来出路。团队通过分析调研情况,认为农业合作社的规模化经营与大豆生产环节和加工环节的直接对接有可能解决国产大豆目前的困境。


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1. 黄宗智 高原( 2014):《"大豆生产和进口的经济逻辑》",《开放时代》第1期第176188页。
2. 国家数据网,。
3. 郎咸平2010):《"新帝国主义在中国1"》。北京东方出版社
4. 《"DTN:2014/15年度中国大豆产量预期降至1245万吨"》,2014,转引自99期货网,。
5. 《"国产大豆产业遭遇生存困境"》,2014,大河网-期货日报,转引自腾讯财经, 。
6. 《"中国食物与营养发展纲要(2014–2020年)"》,2014,转引自中央政府门户网站,网址:).
7. 《"国产大豆如何守住最后的堡垒——访国家大豆产业技术体系首席科学家韩天富"》,载《农民日报》(2013年08月14日05版),转引于网址,.

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