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Cooperation: The Path to Agricultural Development in China (合作:中国农业发展道路的讨论)

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image of Rural China

Chinese agriculture underwent a tortuous development process. Given relative scarcity in land, the trend of continued increases in grain output is currently close to its limit. Meanwhile, along with increasing income and diversifying demand, the agricultural sector needs to change its pattern of development from quantitative to qualitative. Farm size will increase moderately along with urbanization and labor migration, but capitalized large farms should not become the main pattern. Household farming plus cooperation suits China’s natural endowment and efficiency needs better.中国农业过去经历了曲折的发展过程。目前在有限土地上推动粮食等传统农产品不断增产的农业道路已经临近极限,同时随着居民收入水平提高和需求变化,农业发展需要从数量满足向质量优化转型。伴随城市化进展和劳动力转移,农业会适度扩大经营规模,但资本化大农场不应成为农业的主流经营方式。农户家庭经营加合作的方式将更加适合中国的资源禀赋和总体效率要求。 (This article is in Chinese.)

Affiliations: 1: National Economic Research Institute, Beijing ; 2: China Society of Economic Reform


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