Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

“Whither Chinese Agriculture?”: An Introduction (“中国农业往哪里去?”——导论)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

This article attempts to provide a broad overview response to the question: Whence and whither Chinese agriculture? The point of departure is a summary and discussion of the ten articles of this symposium, five empirical and theoretical discussions from economic historians, two from scholars doing solid and illuminating research on the “new agriculture,” and finally three that explore the issue of what road Chinese agriculture should adopt for the future. The article places the agricultural and rural history of the People’s Republic into the broad perspective of changes since the eighteenth century. It distinguishes between cooperativization, collectivization, and the people’s communes, and between the open-field “old” grain agriculture and the high-value-added “new agriculture.” It examines the differences between the New World’s “lots of land and few people” and the East Asian “lots of people and little land” agricultures, and the former’s land-and-capital-dual-intensifying and the latter’s labor-and-capital-dual-intensifying paths of modern change. From that perspective, it examines the successes and failures of the people’s communes vs. cooperativization–collectivization, of dragon-head enterprises vs. small peasants, and of the American specialty co-ops vs. the East Asian integrated co-ops.本文试图对中国的农业从哪里来、到哪里去的问题做一个总体性的讨论。文章从对本专辑的十篇论文的总结和讨论出发。首先是五篇经验和理论探索的经济史论文,而后是两篇扎实和充满阐释性的关于近三十多年来兴起的“新农业”的研究,最后是三篇关于当前的农业与农村发展道路的探索。文章从18世纪以来的社会经济史视角来检视人民共和国农业发展的历史,区别合作化、集体化、人民公社化,以及“旧”大田(谷物)农业与高附加值“新农业”。文章论述地多人少的“新大陆”农业与人多地少的东亚农业,区别前者的土地与资本双密集化和后者的劳动与资本双密集化的不同现代演变道路,据此来检视人民公社VS. 合作化-集体化,“龙头企业”VS.小农经济,以及美国“专业合作社”VS. 东亚综合农协模式的得失。 (This article is in English.)

Affiliations: 1: Law School, Renmin University of China History, University of California, Los Angeles, huang@history.ucla.edu

10.1163/22136746-01402001
/content/journals/10.1163/22136746-01402001
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22136746-01402001
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Gao Yuan 高原 (2017) "“Industrialization and China’s agricultural development, 1949–1985” (工业化与中国农业的发展, 1949–1985)". Rural ChinaVol 14, 2: 24870.
2. Guo Aimin 郭爱民 (2017) "“Production and consumption of staple food crops and the separation of the agricultural and nonagricultural sectors in China, 1952–2010: a comparison with Japan, the United States, and South Korea” (20世纪中期以来中国粮食生产、消费与产业分工关系解读:基于Agr与Nagr表达式的分析——兼与日美韩相比较)". Rural ChinaVol 14, 2: 31135.
3. Huang Philip C. C. (2002) "“Development or involution in eighteenth-century Britain and China?” J. of" Asian Studies 61, Vol 2 (May): 50138.
4. Huang Philip C. C. (2014) “"Is family farms the way to develop Chinese agriculture?”" Rural ChinaVol 11, 2: 189221. [Crossref]
5. Huang Philip C. C. (2016a) “"Our sense of problem: rethinking China studies in the United States".” Modern China, 42, Vol 2 (Mar.): 11561.
6. Huang Philip C. C. (2016b) “"The past and present of the Chinese civil and criminal justice systems: the Sinitic legal tradition from a global perspective".” Modern ChinaVol 42, 3 (May): 22772. [Crossref]
7. Huang Philip C. C. (2016c) “"China’s hidden agricultural revolution, 1980–2010: in historical and comparative perspective".” Modern China 42, Vol 4 (July): 33976.
8. Huang Philip C. C. (2017) “"The three models of China’s agricultural development: strengths and weaknesses of the administrative, laissez faire, and co-op approaches".” Rural ChinaVol 14, 2: 488527.
9. Huang Philip C. C., and Gao Yuan (2013) “"The dynamics of capitalization in Chinese agriculture: private firms, the state, or peasant households?”" Rural ChinaVol 10, 1: 3665. [Crossref]
10. 黄宗智 Huang Zongzhi"[Philip C. C Huang] (2010) 中国的隐性农业革命 (China’s hidden agricultural revolution)". Beijing: Falü chubanshe.
11. 黄宗智 Huang Zongzhi"[Philip C. C. Huang] (2012a) “小农户与大商业资本的不平等交易:中国现代农业的特色”" (The unequal exchanges between small peasants and big commercial capital: the distinctive characteristic of modern Chinese agriculture). 开放时代Vol 3: 8999.
12. 黄宗智编 Huang Zongzhi [Philip C. C. Huang] [ed.] (2012b) “"中国新时代的小农经济"” (China’s new age peasant economy). 开放时代Vol 3: 5115.
13. 黄宗智 Huang Zongzhi [Philip C. C. Huang] (2014a) "超越左右:从实践历史探寻中国农村发展出路 (Beyond the left and the right: searching for a path of development for rural China from the history of practice)". Vol. 3 of 明清以来的乡村社会经济变迁:历史、理论、与现实 (Rural social-economic change from the Ming and Qing: history, theory, and the present). Beijing: Falü chubanshe.
14. 黄宗智 Huang Zongzhi [Philip C. C. Huang] (2014b) "过去和现在:中国民事法律实践的探索 (The past and the present: a study of Chinese civil law)". Vol. 3 of 清代以来民事法律的表达与实践:历史、理论与现实 (Representation and practice of Chinese civil law from the Qing: history, theory, and the present). Beijing: Falü chubanshe.
15. 黄宗智 Huang Zongzhi [Philip C. C. Huang] (2014c) “"大豆生产和进口的经济逻辑"” (The economic logic of soybeans production and importation). 开放时代Vol 1: 17688.
16. 黄宗智 Huang Zongzhi [Philip C. C. Huang] (2015) “"农业合作化路径选择的两大盲点:东亚农业合作化历史经验的启示"” (The two big blind spots in searching for a path for agricultural cooperatives: lessons from the East Asian experience). 开放时代 5 (Sept.): 1835.
17. 黄宗智 Huang Zongzhi, and 彭玉生 Peng Yusheng (2007) “"三大历史性变迁的交汇与中国小规模农业的前景"” (The confluence of three historic tendencies and the prospects for China’s small farming). 中国社会科学Vol 4: 7488.
18. Jiao Changquan 焦长权, and 陈莹骄 Yingjiao Chen (2017) “"From ‘involution’ to ‘capitalization’: the ‘new agriculture’ and the ‘new peasant’—a case study of tobacco growers in a Chinese township"” (从“过密化”到“资本化”:“新农业”与“新农民”——以湖北省恩施市烟叶种植农户为例的讨论). Rural China Vol 14, 2: 40532.
19. Lin Gang 林刚 (2017) "“中国近代工业与小农经济” (Modern industry and the peasant economy in China)". Rural ChinaVol 14, 2: 271310.
20. Liu Chang 刘昶,, 包诗卿 Shiqing Bao,, and 裴丹青 Danqing Pei (2017) "“The xianggu mushroom industry in Xixia county, Henan: a case study” (西峡香菇产业的个案研究)". Rural ChinaVol 14, 2: 375404.
21. Pei Xiaolin 裴小林 (2017) "“The inverse logics of different stages of development under the law of the limit to land productivity” (土地生产率极限法则下不同发展阶段的反向逻辑)". Rural ChinaVol 14, 2: 33673.
22. Perkins Dwight (1969) Agricultural Development in China, 1368–1968. Chicago: Aldine.
23. 王海娟 Wang Haijuan, and 贺雪峰 He Xuefeng (2017) "“小农经济现代化的社会主义道路” (The modernization of the peasant economy: in search of the socialist path)". Rural ChinaVol 14, 2: 43353.
24. 王小鲁 Wang Xiaolu, and 姜斯栋 Jiang Sidong (2017) "“合作:中国农业发展道路的讨论”(Cooperation: the path to agricultural development in China)". Rural ChinaVol 14, 2: 22347.
25. Wrigley E. Anthony (1985) “"Urban growth and agricultural change: England and the continent in the early modern period".” J. of Interdisciplinary HistoryVol 15, 4: 683728. [Crossref]
26. Wrigley E. Anthony (1988) Continuity, Chance, and Change: The Character of the Industrial Revolution in England. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press.
27. 杨团 Yang Tuan (2013) "公法社团:中国三农改革的“顶层设计”路径 (“Public social organizations”: top-level design for the path of reforming the problems of China’s villages, agriculture, and peasants)". http://www.chinareform.org.cn/economy/agriculture/experience/201306/t20130608_168903.htm.
28. 杨团 Yang Tuan (2017) "“此集体非彼集体——为社区性、综合性乡村合作组织探路” (This kind of collective is not that kind of collective: in search of a path of communitarian and integrated cooperatives)". Rural ChinaVol 14, 2: 45487.
29. 张建雷 Zhang Jianlei (2016) "发展型小农家庭的兴起:市场、制度与农民家庭的互构——皖东溪水镇的小农家庭与乡村变迁(1980–2015)(Developmental mode peasant family farms: mutually formative markets, institutions and peasant families—the small-peasant families and social change in Xishui township in eastern Anhui)". Ph.D. diss. 华东理工大学.
30. Zhang Jianlei 张建雷,, 曹锦清 Jinqing Cao,, and 阳云云 Yunyun Yang (2016) “"The rise of the middle peasant economy: non-capitalistic agricultural development and its mechanism—the case of Wu village, Anhui"” (中农经济的兴起:农业发展的去资本主义化及其机制——基于皖中吴村的调查). Rural ChinaVol 13, 1: 4776. [Crossref]
31. Guowuyuan Zhonggong zhongyang (2016) "中共中央国务院关于稳步推进农村集体产权制度改革的意见" (Opinions on steadily pushing forward reform of the collective property rights system), Dec. 26. http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2016-12/29/c_1120216470.htm.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/22136746-01402001
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22136746-01402001
2017-09-20
2017-11-19

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Rural China — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation