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The Xianggu Mushroom Industry in Xixia County, Henan: A Case Study (西峡香菇产业的个案研究)

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The xianggu (shiitake) mushroom industry in Xixia county, Henan, emerged and initially experienced rapid growth during the reform and opening up period. It has benefited from both the rapid expansion of the food consumption market in China and the guidance and support of the local government. After thirty years of sustained expansion, the growth of the mushroom market began to slow down and competition within the industry became fierce. Facing rich and powerful mushroom dealers, individual mushroom farmers have had to bear the brunt of market fluctuations. To break the predicament of farmers’ suffering from low prices (because of the bumper harvest paradox) and to help farmers protect their interests and gain a fair share of the industry’s profits, and thus to achieve sustained and healthy development of the mushroom industry, important institutional innovations are needed.西峡县香菇产业在改革开放时期经历了从零开始的飞速增长,这既得益于食品消费市场的迅速扩张,也得益于地方政府的引导和扶持。在经历了三十年的持续扩张后,香菇市场增速开始放缓,业内竞争压力凸显。面对财大气粗的菇行,势孤力单的个体菇农首当其冲,受到市场的挤压。要破解菇贱伤农的困局,帮助菇农保护自己的利益和分享产业的利润,并实现香菇产业的健康持续发展,就需要在产业组织和制度上进行创新。 (This article is in English.)

Affiliations: 1: History Department, East China Normal University, cliu@history.ecnu.edu.cn ; 2: History Department, East China Normal University, sqbao@history.ecnu.edu.cn ; 3: History Department, Zhejiang Normal University, danqingpei@hotmail.com

10.1163/22136746-01402005
/content/journals/10.1163/22136746-01402005
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52. 1. Owner of the Mushroom Materials Shop, Xiping 西坪镇香菇辅料店访谈. July 22, 2016.
53. 2. Owner of the Mushroom Packing Boxes Shop, Xiping 西坪镇菇箱直销店访谈. July 22, 2016.
54. 3. Owner of Little Xu’s Fresh Mushroom Storage, Xiping 西坪镇小徐香菇保鲜库访谈. July 22, 2016.
55. 4. Owner of Old Liu’s Mushroom-foot Shop, Xiping 西坪镇老刘菇脚行访谈. July 22, 2016.
56. 5. Jinying Gu, "mushroom farmer in Xigang village 西岗村菇农顾金英访谈". July 22, 2016.
57. 6. Wang Zhiheng, "owner of the Xinyu Mushroom Strains Factory, in Wang’s factory in the Xixia county seat 西峡县信羽菌种厂厂主王志衡访谈(西峡县城)". July 23, 2016.
58. 7. Bao Xunfan, "farmer in Xigang village 西岗村村民包训凡访谈". July 24, 2016.
59. 8. Jicheng Han, (Deputy Township Chief) and Liu Songxian (Petition Office Director), "Xiping 西坪镇副镇长韩吉成、信访办主任刘松显访谈(西坪镇政府信访办公室)". July 25, 2016.
60. 9. Dunshan Sun, "manager of Sun’s Edible Fungi Company, Xiping 孙氏菌业总经理孙敦山访谈(西坪镇政府信访办公室和孙氏菌业总经理办公室)." July 25, 2016.
61. 10. Mingxing Du, "a senior staff member of the Xiping township government 西坪镇政府主任科员杜明星访谈(西坪镇政府信访办公室)". July 26, 2016.
62. 11. Mushroom farmer Wang Laizhi, Xigang village 西岗村菇农王来芝访谈. July 26, 2016.
63. 12. Mushroom farmer Wang Guohua, Xigang village 西岗村菇农王国华访谈. July 27, 2016.
64. 13. Mushroom farmers at the Zhaigen Mushroom Cultivation Base, Zhaigen 寨根乡香菇种植基地菇农访谈. July 27, 2016.
65. 14. Zhang Jinhui (farmer), Xigang village 西岗村农民张金慧访谈. July 28, 2016.
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