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Full Access China’s Informal Economy Revisited (中国的非正规经济再论证 2 )

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China’s Informal Economy Revisited (中国的非正规经济再论证 2 )

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Abstract China’s economy-society today, excepting high officials and capitalists, is made up principally of two status groups. One is the formal employees-workers who are protected by the state’s so-called “labor” laws-regulations and enjoy good benefits, who include the white collar employees of state agencies-units and of the larger formal enterprises, and only small numbers of blue-collar workers privileged with formal status. The other is the informal workers-employees who are not protected by the state’s labor laws and do not have (or have only low level) social benefits, including mainly the peasant migrant workers and the other working members of their “half worker half cultivator” families. This article documents in detail that the former totals just one-sixth of the total workforce and is in fact in large measure something of a privileged status group, while the latter totals five-sixths. The so-called labor laws today in fact have little to do with the majority of true laborers. The gap between the two status groups are the key to the social-economic crisis confronting China today and cries out for reform. (This article is in Chinese.) 摘要 中国今天的经济-社会, 除了顶层的高级官员和资本家之外, 主要由两个等级组成。一方面是受到国家所谓 “劳动” 法规保护的、带有优厚社会福利的正规职工, 其中包括国家机关、事业单位以及正规企业的白领职员, 而只包含较少数享有正规身份的蓝领工人。 另一方面则是不受到国家劳动法规保护的、没有社会福利(或只有低等福利)的非正规职工, 主要包含农民工以及其 “半工半耕” 家庭的其他就业人员。本文详细论证, 前者总数只是全社会所有就业人员中的六分之一, 其实一定程度上是个具有特权的阶层, 后者则占到六分之五。事实上, 国家今天所谓的劳动法规已经脱离大多数真正意义上的劳动人民。两个等级间的差别是今天中国社会经济危机的关键, 亟需改革。

10.1163/22136746-12341237
/content/journals/10.1163/22136746-12341237
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Abstract China’s economy-society today, excepting high officials and capitalists, is made up principally of two status groups. One is the formal employees-workers who are protected by the state’s so-called “labor” laws-regulations and enjoy good benefits, who include the white collar employees of state agencies-units and of the larger formal enterprises, and only small numbers of blue-collar workers privileged with formal status. The other is the informal workers-employees who are not protected by the state’s labor laws and do not have (or have only low level) social benefits, including mainly the peasant migrant workers and the other working members of their “half worker half cultivator” families. This article documents in detail that the former totals just one-sixth of the total workforce and is in fact in large measure something of a privileged status group, while the latter totals five-sixths. The so-called labor laws today in fact have little to do with the majority of true laborers. The gap between the two status groups are the key to the social-economic crisis confronting China today and cries out for reform. (This article is in Chinese.) 摘要 中国今天的经济-社会, 除了顶层的高级官员和资本家之外, 主要由两个等级组成。一方面是受到国家所谓 “劳动” 法规保护的、带有优厚社会福利的正规职工, 其中包括国家机关、事业单位以及正规企业的白领职员, 而只包含较少数享有正规身份的蓝领工人。 另一方面则是不受到国家劳动法规保护的、没有社会福利(或只有低等福利)的非正规职工, 主要包含农民工以及其 “半工半耕” 家庭的其他就业人员。本文详细论证, 前者总数只是全社会所有就业人员中的六分之一, 其实一定程度上是个具有特权的阶层, 后者则占到六分之五。事实上, 国家今天所谓的劳动法规已经脱离大多数真正意义上的劳动人民。两个等级间的差别是今天中国社会经济危机的关键, 亟需改革。

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/content/journals/10.1163/22136746-12341237
2013-01-01
2016-12-10

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