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New Additions to the Saadi State Coin in light of publishing the collection of the National Archaeological Museum in Rabat (An Archaeological, Artistic Study)

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Abstract The importance of studying the golden coins collection of the National Archaeological Museum in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco, which dates back to the Saadi State in the period from 1012 AH/1603 CE to 1064 AH/1654 CE, and which have never been published or studied, lies in the study of documentary and religious writings engraved on the coins, and their political significance. This is in the light of the current events and the political implications found in the historical resources and the Saadi State documents, which enable us to explore new additions to the Saadi State coins. The collection in question includes twenty nine golden pieces, including: six dinars with the name of Al Watheq Be Allah, (1012-1017 AH/1603 1618 CE), twenty-one dinars with the name of Al Nasser Zidane (1012-1037 AH/1603-1637 CE), one dinar with the name of Al Waleed Bin Zidane (1040-1045 AH/1630-1636 CE), and one dinar with the name of Mohammed AL Sheikh Bin Zidane (1045-1064 AH/1636-1654 CE). The study will focus on the forms, artistic models, fonts used on the coin face, the methods of its circulation, and accurate scientific description and providing illustrations that contribute effectively in addressing many historical events and economic, political, and social issues posed by this collection. Moreover, it also aims to state the impact of struggle in the Saadi State on the struck golden coins. This is evident in the changes entailed in the significance of the religious and political phrases and their distribution on the sides of the golden coins in the Saadi State. In addition, this study aims to limit the most important golden coins minting houses, add new houses to the list of Morocco, and identify the artistic and technical features of each side, which helps students, specialists, and researchers to determine the time of the golden coins that do not bear a date and place of minting.


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