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The Ancient Local Coins Discovered in the UAE and their Economic Role in the Ancient History of the Area

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Abstract This research is a study of a collection of coins found in the State of Kuwait and the eastern region of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and the UAE. These coins are date back to the period starting from the third century BCE until the second century CE. These coins were struck locally and widely circulated across the Arabian Gulf; usually known as the local or Eastern Arabian coins. They are duplications of the coins of the Macedonian Alexander III (the Great). Therefore, they are sometimes known as the Arabian Alexander coins. The names of deities that existed in the region; Ab, Abil, Abyath, and Haritat (Harithat), were engraved on the coins, in addition to figures of a horse, a palm a tree, an eagle, and a lion. These names, figures, and symbols may suggest a lack of a unified political regime in the region. Instead, there was a kind of city states regime that was managed by a group of the elite, military leaders, merchants, and nobles, who form the public government. These cities enjoyed a political independence alongside their powerful economic relations within a unified economic system. The people or public government chose to engrave the names of their gods rather than the names of the rulers and kings as a result of joint management.

10.1163/2213860910X00305
/content/journals/10.1163/2213860910x00305
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/content/journals/10.1163/2213860910x00305
2010-01-01
2016-12-06

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