Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Morocco: An Islamic Globalizing Monarchy within the Elusive Phenomenon of Arab Spring

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Oriente Moderno

Far from taking place in a vacuum, in Morocco the 2011 constitutional revision was assessed both from an internal political perspective and within the broader context of what has come to be called the ‘Arab Spring’. In this manner, the 2011 Moroccan Constitution has indeed marked an unprecedented change, declaring the State’s adherence to the protection of human rights, which are strictly related to the Western history of ‘secular constitutionalism’. Yet, in order to better understand the constitutional transition, one has to consider the religious characteristic of Moroccan monarchy which, on the other hand, makes it a prototype of a ‘globalizing monarchy’, especially within the context of MENA (Middle East and Nord African) region. The Moroccan constitutional transition can in fact be seen as a peculiar tool for taking into account endogenous and exogenous factors respectively. On the one hand, it allows us to investigate how an Islamic specific legal tradition interacts with some principles that represent the pillars of constitutional democracies and that, as such, have been universally recognised; at least in the West. On the other, the exceptionalism of ‘Moroccan spring’ lets us to evaluate how these very principles are contextualized in a peculiar context of MENA region; by which, for the same reasons, one can draw more general considerations concerning the relationship between the pressing process of globalization and post-colonial Muslim-majority States.

Affiliations: 1: LUM “Jean Monnet” Luiss Bari Roma


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Alicino Francesco "“Constitutionalism as a Peaceful ‘Site’ of Religious Struggles”" Global Jurist 2010 Vol 10 1 34
2. Alicino Francesco Bonella C. Decaro "“Religione e costituzionalismo occidentale: osmosi e reciproche influenze”" Tradizioni religiose e tradizioni costituzionali. L’islam e l’Occidente 2013 Roma Carocci 54 113
3. An-Na’im Abdullahi Ahmed "“Human Rights, Universality and Sovereignty: The Irrelevance and Relevance of Sharia”" Global Policy 2014 Vol 4 401 408
4. Arieff Alexis "“Morocco: Current Issues. Analyst in African Affairs”" Congressional Research Service 2013 October 18 1 20
5. Ayubi Nazih Political Islam. Religion and Politics in the Arab World 1991 London and New York Routledge
6. Benchemsi Ahmed Diamond Larry , Plattner Marc F. "“Morocco: Outfoxing the Opposition”" Democratization and Authoritarianism in the Arab World 2014 Baltimore Johns Hopkins University Press
7. Benhabib Seyla The Rights of Others. Aliens, Residents, and Citizens 2004 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
8. Benhabib Seyla Post R. Another Cosmopolitanism 2006 Oxford Oxford University Press With commentaries by J. Waldron, B. Honig; Will Kymlicka (edited and introduced by)
9. Benhabib Seyla "“Another Universalism: On the Unity and Diversity of Human Rights”" Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 2007 Vol 81 7 32
10. Benhabib Seyla Dignity in Adversity. Human Rights in Turbulent Times 2011 Cambridge Polity Press
11. Bouchard Gérard , Taylor Charles Building the Future. A time for Reconciliation 2008 Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
12. Brahm Levey Geoffrey , Modood Tariq Secularism, Religion and Multicultural Citizenship 2008 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
13. Bras Jean-Philippe "“La réforme du code de la famille au Maroc et en Algérie: quelles avancées pour la démocratie?”" Critique internationale 2007 Vol 37 93 125
14. Chérif Rachida Le makhzen politique au Maroc: hier & aujourd’hui 1988 Casablanca, Afrique orient.
15. Chambergeat Paul "“Le référendum Constitutionnel du 7 décembre 1962 au Maroc”" Annuaire de l’Afrique du Nord 1964 Vol 1 167 205
16. Chijioke Njoku Raphael Cultural and Custom of Morocco 2006 Connecticut-London Greenwood Press Westport
17. Claisse Alain Santucci Jean-Claude "“Le makhzen aujourd’hui”" Le Maroc actuel. Une modernisation au miroir de la tradition? 1992 Paris Institut de recherches et d’études sur le monde arabe et musulman, Éditions du CNRS
18. Corrao Francesca Maria "“Ijtihad’ and ‘Relevance of Sharia’ to Contextualize Universal Human Rights Discourse”" Global Policy 2014 Vol 4 409 410
19. Corrao Francesca Maria Le rivoluzioni arabe. La transizione mediterranea 2011 Milano Mondadori
20. Dalmasso Emanuela "“Surfing the Democratic Tsunami in Morocco: Apolitical Society and the Reconfiguration of a Sustainable Authoritarian Regime”" Mediterranean Politics 2012 Vol 17 2 217 232
21. Dalmasso Emanuela , Cavatorta Francesco "“Democracy, Civil Liberties and the Role of Religion after the Arab Awakening: Constitutional Reforms in Tunisia and Morocco”" Mediterranean Politics 2013 Vol 18 2 225 241
22. De Burca Gráinne , Gerstenberg Oliver "“The Denationalization of Constitutional Law”" Harvard International Law Journal 2006 Vol 47 243 262
23. Decaro Bonella Carmela Pföstl Eva "“La nuova Costituzione del Marocco”" Marocco. Il regno del dialogo 2014 Roma, Bordeaux 15 104
24. Durham Jr. W. Cole , Ferrari Silvio , Cianitto Cristiana , Thayer Donlu Law, Religion, Constitution. Freedom of Religion, Equal Treatment, and the Law 2013 London Ashgate
25. Eickelman Dale F. Moroccan Islam: Tradition and Society in a Pilgrimage Center 1942 Austin University of Texas Press
26. Esposito Roberto Termini della politica. Comunità, immunità, biopolitica 2008 Milano Mimesis
27. Fakhry Riyad Ferrari Alessandro "“Diritto e religione in Marocco”" Diritto e religione nell’Islam mediterraneo. Rapporti nazionale sulla salvaguardia della libertà religiosa. Un paradigma alternativo? 2012 Bologna ilMulino 190 200
28. Fernández Molina "“The Monarchy vs. the 20 February Movement: Who Holds the Reins of Political Change in Morocco?”" Mediterranean Politics 2011 Vol 16 3 436
29. Ferrajoli Luigi "Principia iuris" Teoria del diritto e della democrazia 2007 Roma-Bari Laterza
30. Ferrarese Maria Rosa "“When National Actors Become Transnational: Transjudicial Dialogue between Democracy and Constitutionalism”" Global Jurist 2009 Vol 9 1 30
31. Gardbaum Stephen "“Human Rights as International Constitutional Rights”" The European Journal of International Law 2008 Vol 19 749 768
32. Glenn Patrick Legal Traditions of the World. Sustainable Diversity in Law 2010 Oxford-New York Oxford University Press
33. Hammoudi Abdellah Master and Disciple: The Cultural Foundations of Moroccan Authoritarianism 1997 Chicago University of Chicago Press
34. Hashas Mohammed "“Moroccan Exceptionalism Examined: Constitutional Insights pre- and post-2011”" Iai Working Papers 2013 December Vol 13 34
35. Held David , Coates Ulrichsen Kristian "“The Arab Spring and the Changing Balance of Global Power”" openDemocracy 2014 February 26 Vol 2 1 10
36. Henry Clement , Springborg Robert Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East 2001 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
37. Hiskett Mervyn The Course of Islam in Africa 1994 Edinburgh Edinburgh University
38. Hoffman Katherine We Share Walls Language, Land, and Gender in Berber Morocco 2007 Oxford Blackwell Publishing
39. Howe Marvine The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges 2005 Oxford-New York University Press
40. Joffé George "“Morocco’s Reform Process: Wider Implications”" Mediterranean Politics 2009 Vol 14 2 151 164
41. Klabbers Jan , Peters Anne , Ulfstein Geir The Constitutionalization of International Law 2011 Oxford Oxford University Press
42. Kleinlein Thomas "“Between Myths and Norms: Constructivist Constitutionalism and the Potential of Constitutional Principles in International Law”" Nordic Journal of International Law 2012 Vol 81 79 132
43. Kohstall Florian Özdalga Elisabeth , Persson Sune "“Morocco’s Monarchical Legacy and its Capacity to Implement Social Reforms”" Contested Sovereignties: Government and Democracy in Middle Eastern and European Perspectives 2010 Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul, I.B. Tauris 197 208
44. Kratz Corinne "“We’ve Always Done It Like This... Except for a Few Details: ‘Tradition’ and ‘Innovation’ in Okiek Ceremonies”" Comparative Studies in Society and History 1993 Vol 35 30 65
45. Laroui Abdallah Esquisses historiques 1992 Casablanca Centre Culturel Arabe
46. López García Barnabé "“Le Maroc et le printemps arabe dans un monde en plein changement”" iemed 2012 6 40
47. López García Barnabé "“La question électorale au Maroc: réflexions sur un demi siècle de processus électoraux au Maroc”" Revue Marocaine des Sciences Politiques et Sociales 2013 Vol 4 35 63
48. MacDonald Ronald St. John , Johnston Douglas M. Towards World Constitutionalism 2005 Leiden-Boston Martinus Nijhoff
49. Madani Mohamed , Maghraoui Driss , Zerhouni Saloua The 2011 Moroccan Constitution: A Critical Analysis 2012 Strömsborg International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance
50. Maffettone Sebastiano Dottori Riccardo "“It is Reasonable to Be Reasonable? An Investigation into Rawls Theory of Reasonableness”" Reason and Reasonableness 2005 Müster List Verlag 407 440
51. Maffettone Sebastiano "“Rawls: 40 Years Later (1971-2011)”" Philosophy and Social Criticism 2012 Vol 38 9 901 915
52. Maffettone Sebastiano Ceva Emanuela , Rossi Enazo "“Global Justification and Local Legitimation”" Justice, Legitimacy, and Diversity 2013 London Routledge 139 158
53. Maffettone Sebastiano Bongiovanni Giorgio , Sartor Giovanni , Valentini Chiara "“Global Legitimation and Reasonableness”" Reasonableness and Law 2009 Dordrecht–New York Springer 146 161
54. Maghraoui Driss "“Introduction: Interpreting Reform in Morocco”" Mediterranean Politics 2009 Vol 14 2 143 149
55. Maghraoui Driss "“Constitutional reforms in Morocco: between consensus and subaltern politics”" The Journal of North African Studies 2011 Vol 16 4 679 699
56. Mancini Susanna , Rosenfeld Michael Constitutional Secularism in an Age of Religious Revival 2014 Oxford Oxford University Press
57. Masbah Mohammed "“Moving towards Political Participation. The Moderation of Moroccan Salafis since the Beginning of the Arab Spring”" swp Comments 2013 January 8 p.
58. Mezran Karim , Colombo Silvia , Van Genutgen Saska L’Africa mediterranea 2011 Roma Donzelli
59. Muqtadar Rachid "“Reflections on the Justice and Development Party’s Experience of Political Rule in Morocco”" acrps Research Papers 2013 Vol 3 5 17
60. Murzik Kobo Ousman Unveiling Modernity in Twentieth-Century West African Islamic Reform 2012 Leiden Brill
61. Østebø Terje "“Claims for Authority at the Shrine of Shaykh Hussein, Ethiopia”" Journal of Islamic Studies 2014 1 27
62. Pahuja Sundhya Decolonising International Law. Development, Economic Growth and the Politics of Universality 2011 Cambridge-New York Cambridge University Press
63. Parolin Gianluca Citizenship in the Arab World Kin, Religion and Nation-State 2009 Amsterdam Amsterdam University Press
64. Pennell Richard Morocco. From Empire to Independence 2003 Oxford Oneworld
65. Pföstl Eva "“Il movimento berbero in Algeria e Marocco: democrazia, società civile, Stato e diritti delle minoranze”" Società civile e minoranze tra tradizione e trasformazione nell’area del Medio Oriente e del Nord Africa 2011 Roma Apes
66. Pföstl Eva "“Diversità culturale e linguistica in Marocco: il caso Amazigh e la questione del Sahara Occidentale”" Marocco. Il regno del dialogo 2014 Roma, Bordeaux 239 268
67. Prickett Stephen Modernity and the Reinvention of Tradition: Backing Into the Future 2013 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
68. Robinson Waldman "“Tradition as a Modality of Change: Islamic Examples”" History of Religions 1986 Vol 25 318 340
69. Rosenfeld Michael Rosenfeld Michael , Mancini Susanna "“Recasting Secularism as One Conception of the Good Among Many in a Post-Secular Constitutional Polity”" Constitutional Secularism in an Age of Religious Revival 2014 Oxford Oxford University Press 79 110
70. Saint-Prot Charles , Rouvillois Frédéric L’exception marocaine 2013 Paris Elipses
71. Sajó András Rosenfeld Michael , Mancini Susanna "“Preliminaries to a Concept of Constitutional Secularism”" Constitutional Secularism in an Age of Religious Revival 2014 Oxford Oxford University Press 54 78
72. Sater James Civil Society and Political Change in Morocco 2007 London-New York Routledge
73. Sater James N. "“Reforming the Rule of Law in Morocco: Multiple Meanings and Problematic Realities”" Mediterranean Politics 2009 Vol 14 2 181 193
74. Schumacher Tobias "“In the Name of His Majesty: Morocco’s Parliamentary Elections of 2011”" ipris Maghreb Bulletin 2011 Vol 12 11 13
75. Schwöbel Christine Global Constitutionalism in International Legal Perspective 2011 Leiden-Boston Martinus Nijhoff
76. Slaughter Anne-Marie , Burke-White William "“The Future of International Law Is Domestic (or, The European Way of Law)”" Harvard International Law Journal 2006 Vol 47 327 352
77. Steiner Henry , Alston Philip , Goodman Ryan International Human Rights in Context 2008 Oxford Oxford University Press
78. Storm Lise Democratization in Morocco. The Political Elite and Struggles for Power in the Post-Independence State 2007 London-New York Routledge
79. Taylor Charles A Secular Age 2007 Cambridge, Ma – London Harvard University Press
80. Tozy Mohammed Monarchie et islam politique au Maroc 1999 Paris Presses de Sciences Po
81. Ventura Alberto Fiorita Nicola , et al "“Le Rivoluzioni prevedibili. Per una analisi storica delle ‘Primavere arabe’.”" Transizioni e democrazia dei Paesi del Mediterraneo e del Vicino Oriente 2014 Cosenza Periferia 333 344 et alii
82. Vincent Andrew Nationalism and Particularity 2002 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
83. Walker Neil Kinley David , Sadurski Wojciech , Walton Kevin "“Universalism and Particularism in Human Rights: Trade-Off or Productive Tension?”" Human Rights. Old Problems, New Possibilities 2013 Cheltenham UK-Northampton, MA, USA Edward Elgar Publishing 89 112
84. Walzer Michael Petersen Grethe "“National and Universe”" The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 1989 Salt Lake City University of Utah Press 509 556
85. Weatcroft Stephen "“Not ‘Revolution’, just Democratic Revolution”" openDemocracy 2011 May 2
86. Weiler Joseph "“The Geology of International Law: Governance, Democracy and Legitimacy”" Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches und Völkerrecht 2004 Vol 64 547 562
87. Zvan Elliott Katja "“Reforming the Moroccan Personal Status Code: A Revolution for Whom?”" Mediterranean Politics 2009 Vol 14 2 213 227

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Oriente Moderno — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation