Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Cyberwarriors and Counterstars: Contesting Religious Radicalism and Violence on Indonesian Social Media

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Asiascape: Digital Asia

In Indonesia, social media offer a site for countering Islamic radicalism and violence. But what kinds of counternarratives or counterdiscourses can be distinguished on social media? This article explores the question by focusing on one social media counterinitiative: that of the ‘cyberwarriors’, volunteers who battle Islamic radicalism on social media with memes, hash tags, comics, and videos as their weapons of choice. By practicing a threefold ‘politics of threat’, ‘exceptionality’, and ‘inspiration’, cyber warriors construct a counternarrative in which ulama and kyai, traditional figures of religious authority, are transformed into hip, strong, cool, and ‘iconic’ ‘counterstars’, whose legacy shields the country from radicalism. In this process, traditional religious authority is simultaneously (re)claimed and further fragmented, while users are offered the tools to model themselves after ulama to help them save the country.

Affiliations: 1: Media Studies Department, University of Amsterdam l.k.schmidt@uva.nl

10.1163/22142312-12340088
/content/journals/10.1163/22142312-12340088
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22142312-12340088
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Anderson Jon W. 2003"‘New Media, New Publics: Reconfiguring the Public Sphere of Islam’" Social Research: An International Quarterly Vol 70 3 887 906
2. Archetti Cristina 2013"‘Narrative Wars: Understanding Terrorism in the Era of Global Interconnectedness’" Miskimmon Alistair, O’Loughlin Ben, Roselle Laura Forging the World: Strategic Narratives and International Relations Ann Arbor University of Michigan Press 218 245
3. Barker Joshua, Harms Erik, Lindquist Johan 2013 Figures of Southeast Asian Modernity Honolulu University of Hawai’i Press
4. Barton Greg 2002 Gus Dur: The Authorized Biography of Abdurrahman Wahid Jakarta Equinox
5. Betz David 2008"‘The Virtual Dimension of Contemporary Insurgency and Counter-insurgency’" Small Wars and Insurgencies Vol 19 4 510 540 [Crossref]
6. Crow Karim D. 2000"‘Nurturing Islamic Peace Discourse’" American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences Vol 17 3 54 69
7. Dyer Richard 1979 Stars London BFI
8. Dyer Richard 2004 Heavenly Bodies: Film Stars and Society New York Routledge
9. Fealy Greg 2016 7 December"‘Bigger Than Ahok: Explaining the 2 December Mass Rally’" Indonesia at Melbourne. Retrieved 10 July 2017 from http://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au/bigger-than-ahok-explaining-jakartas-2-december-mass-rally/
10. Foucault Michel 1988 Technologies of the Self: A Seminar with Michel Foucault Martin Luther H., Gutman Huck, Hutton Patrick H. Amherst University of Massachusetts Press
11. Foucault Michel 2007 Security, Territory, Population Senellart Michel, Ewald François, Fontana Alessandro, Davidson Arnold I. New York Palgrave Macmillan Fox
12. Fox James 2002"‘Interpreting the Historical Significance of Tombs and Chronicles in Contemporary Java’" Chambert-Loir Henri, Reid Anthony The Potent Dead: Ancestors, Saints and Heroes in Contemporary Indonesia Honolulu University of Hawai’i Press 103 116
13. Fox Jesse, Cruz Carlos, Lee Ji Young 2015"‘Perpetuating Online Sexism Offline: Anonymity, Interactivity, and the Effects of Sexist Hashtags on Social Media’" Computers in Human Behavior Vol 52 436 442 [Crossref]
14. Galamas Francisco 2015"‘Terrorism in Indonesia: An Overview’" ieee Research Papers no. 4
15. Göle Nilufer 2002"‘Islam in Public: New Visibilities and New Imaginaries’" Public Culture Vol 14 1 173 190 [Crossref]
16. Halpern Daniel, Gibbs Jennifer 2013"‘Social Media as a Catalyst for Online Deliberation? Exploring the Affordances of Facebook and YouTube for Political Expression’" Computers in Human Behavior Vol 29 3 1159 1168 [Crossref]
17. Hasan Noorhaidi 2015"‘Violent Activism, Islamist Ideology, and the Conquest of Public Space among Youth in Indonesia’" Robinson Kathryn Youth Identities and Social Transformations in Modern Indonesia Leiden Brill 200 215 [Crossref]
18. Heffelfinger Chris 2010"‘Waiting out the Islamist Winter: Creating an Effective Counter Narrative to Jihad’" Paper presented at GTReC arc Linkage Project on Radicalisation Conference. Retrieved 18 January 2017 from http://1dneox4dyqrx1207m11b46y7tfi.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/radicalisation/files/2013/03/conference-2010-counter-narratives-ch.pdf.
19. Heiduk Felix 2012"‘Radical Islam in Post-Suharto Indonesia’" International Journal of Conflict and Violence Vol 6 1 26 40
20. Heriyanto Devina 2016 5 November"‘How Did the Anti-Ahok Rally Turn Chaotic?’" Jakarta Post Retrieved 2 December 2016 from http://thejakartapost.com/academia/2016/11/05/qa-how-did-the-anti-ahok-rally-turn-chaotic.html.
21. Hirschkind Charles 2001"‘Civic Virtue and Religious Reason: An Islamic Counterpublic’" Cultural Anthropology Vol 16 1 3 34 [Crossref]
22. Hoesterey James B. 2007"‘The Rise, Fall, and Re-Branding of a Celebrity Preacher’" Inside Indonesia, 90(Oct.-Dec.). Retrieved 29 December 2016 from https://www.insideindonesia.org/weekly-articles-90-oct-dec-2007/aa-gym-02121580/.
23. Hoesterey James B. 2012"‘Prophetic Cosmopolitanism: Islam, Pop Psychology, and Civic Virtue in Indonesia’" City & Society Vol 24 1 38 61 [Crossref]
24. Hoesterey James B. 2015 Rebranding Islam: Piety, Prosperity, and a Self-Help Guru Redwood City, CA Stanford University Press
25. Holmes Oliver 2016 25 November"‘Jakarta’s Violent Identity Crisis: Behind the Vilification of Chinese-Indonesians’" The Guardian Retrieved 3 February 2017 from https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/nov/25/jakarta-chinese-indonesians-governorahok/.
26. Hoofd Ingrid M. 2012 Ambiguities of Activism: Alter-Globalism and the Imperatives of Speed New York Routledge
27. Horgan John, Taylor Max 2011"‘Disengagement, De-radicalization and the Arc of Terrorism: Future Directions for Research’" Coolsaet Rick Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation Challenge: European and American Experiences Farnham Ashgate 173 186
28. Huey Laura 2015"‘This Is Not Your Mother’s Terrorism: Social Media, Online Radicalization and the Practice of Political Jamming’" Journal of Terrorism Research Vol 6 2 1 16 [Crossref]
29. Idris Irfan, Taufiqurrohman Muh 2015"‘Current State of Indonesia’s Deradicalisation and Rehabilitation Programme’" Gunaratna Rohan, Ali Mohamed Bin Terrorist Rehabilitation: A New Frontier in Counter-terrorism New Jersey Imperial College Press 71 102 [Crossref]
30. Kaptein Nico J. 2004"‘The Voice of the Ulamâ: Fatwas and Religious Authority in Indonesia’" Archives de sciences sociales des religions Vol 125 115 130 [Crossref]
31. Lake Rebecca 2014 2 November"‘Indonesia’s Surprising Love Affair with Social Media’" Jakarta Globe Retrieved 9 June 2015 from http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/features/indonesiassurp risinglove-affair-with-social-media/.
32. Lim Merlyna 2013"‘Many Clicks but Little Sticks: Social Media Activism in Indonesia’" Journal of Contemporary Asia Vol 43 4 636 657 [Crossref]
33. Liow Joseph Chinyong 2016 8 February"‘isis Reaches Indonesia: The Terrorist Group’s Prospects in Southeast Asia’" Brookings Institution. Retrieved 1 November 2016 from https://www.brookings.edu/opinions/isis-reaches-indonesia-the-terrorist-groups-prospects-in-southeast-asia/.
34. Nemr Christina 2016 15 March"‘Strategies to Counter-Terrorist Narratives Are More Confused Than Ever’" War on the Rocks. Retrieved 6 Augustus 2016 from http://warontherocks.com/2016/03/strategies-to-counter-terrorist-narratives-are-more-confused-than-ever/.
35. Rimke Heidi Marie 2010"‘Governing Citizens through Self-Help Literature’" Cultural Studies Vol 14 1 61 78 [Crossref]
36. Rose Nikolas 1998 Inventing Ourselves: Psychology, Power, and Personhood Cambridge Cambridge University Press
37. Slama Martin 2017"‘A Subtle Economy of Time: Social Media and the Transformation of Indonesia’s Islamic Preacher Economy’" Economic Anthropology Vol 4 1 94 106 [Crossref]
38. Speckhard Anne 2011"‘Battling the ‘University of Jihad’: An Evidence Based Ideological Program to Counter Militant Jihadi Groups Active on the Internet’" Fenstermacher Laurie, Leventhal Todd Countering Violent Extremism: Scientific Methods and Strategies Wright-Patterson AFB, OH AF Research Laboratory 164 174
39. Taufiqurrahman Muh, Purba Kornelius 2016 5 November"‘Commentary: Questioning Our Pride as a Democratic, Tolerant and Peaceful Nation’" Jakarta Post Retrieved 7 November 2016 from http://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2016/11/05/commentary-questioning-our-pride-as-a-democratic-tolerant-and-peaceful-nation.html.
40. Turner Bryan S. 2007"‘Religious Authority and the New Media’" Theory, Culture & Society Vol 24 2 117 134 [Crossref]
41. Varagur Krithika 2016 6 September"‘Indonesia’s Cyber Warriors Battle isis with Memes, Tweets, and Whatsapp’" World Post Retrieved 19 May 2016 from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/Indonesia isiscyberwarriors_us_57507 79ae4b0eb20fa0d2684/.
42. Way Maria 2002"‘Pope as Media Star: a Long Career Full of Reinvention’" Paper presented at iamcr Conference. Retrieved 10 October 2017 from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/1924103.pdf.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/22142312-12340088
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/22142312-12340088
2018-02-14
2018-10-19

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Asiascape: Digital Asia — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation