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Naqāʾiḍ Poetry in the Post-Umayyad Era

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Naqāʾiḍ (biting refutations) are a type of lampoon in which two poets exchange satirical poems that make use of the same prosodic meter and rhyme. Although satire had already been a staple of Arabic poetry in the pre-Islamic era, naqāʾiḍ were further developed and enhanced as an art form in the Umayyad period thanks to three poets: Jarīr, al-Farazdaq and al-Akhṭal.A distinctive feature of early naqāʾiḍ was the centrality of tribalism as a key motivator of composition. This paper seeks to show that naqāʾiḍ poetry did not disappear, as some have suggested, nor did it become limited to the personal or sectarian; rather, it continued to flourish throughout the Abbasid period as an expression of tribal pride. Two cases of naqāʾiḍ from the Abbasid period are investigated; the poets in question were regarded as belonging to the group of sāqat al-shuʿarāʾ (rearguard poets).

Affiliations: 1: King Abdul Aziz University JeddahSaudi Arabia husmuh33@yahoo.com

10.1163/22142371-12340028
/content/journals/10.1163/22142371-12340028
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2017-06-15
2017-11-20

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