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The Impact of Politics on the Minnan Buddhist Institute: sanmin zhuyi and aiguo zhuyi in the Context of Sangha Education

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This article analyzes patterns in the direct and indirect influence of the Chinese government on the redefinition of Sangha education during the twentieth century. My research examines three moments in the history of the Minnan Buddhist Institute (minnan foxueyuan 闽南佛学院, hereafter mbi): the foundation years (1927–1933), the reopening in 1985, and its new mission and structure since 1997. I investigate the different ways in which political ideologies were incorporated into the curricula and training seminars for monastics. Specifically, this study addresses the effects of the Nationalist ideology of the Three Principles of the People (sanmin zhuyi 三民主义) and Communist Party patriotism (aiguo zhuyi 爱国主义) on the Sangha learning systems. The final section will consider the mbi as a case study of Buddhist cross-strait relations, and will map the exchanges between Buddhist education programs that developed in different political contexts by examining the values shared by Buddhists on Taiwan and on the mainland.政治对闽南佛学院的影响:僧伽教育中的三民主义与爱国主义摘要本文分析二十世纪中国政治对僧伽教育的影响。我的研究对象是闽南佛学院,主要关注其历史上三个重要时期,即 1927 年到 1933 年的成立期、1985的重建期、以及 1997 年以来的新时期。本文着重分析政治意识形态,即三民主义与爱国主义,是如何影响佛学院课程的。最后,本文以闽南佛学院作为两岸交流的案例,通过分析两岸佛教共享的价值观念,来刻画不同政治环境下成长起来的佛教教育之间的交流。

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies, Department of the Comparative Study of Religion, University of Groningen,


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