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Gender, Catholicism, and Communism in 1950s Shanghai (1950年代上海的性别、天主教与共产主义)

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In the 1950s, Shanghai witnessed a conflict between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Shanghai Catholic community. The CCP wanted this community to break ties with the pope and form an “independent” Catholic Church that would fall under the authority of the Chinese government. Many Catholics in Shanghai soon resisted what they perceived to be the unjust religious policies of the CCP. One of the “backbone elements” of Catholic resistance in Shanghai was young women. This study investigates how three young Catholic women dealt with the CCP’s encroaching religious policies. All three came from similar backgrounds and they all initially formed part of the Catholic resistance to CCP religious policies during the early 1950s. Afterward their trajectories differed dramatically due to the particular way in which the Communist revolution intervened in the life of each woman. This study thus illuminates the contested area of religious faith, state power, and gender in the early years of the People’s Republic of China.上世纪五十年代,上海见证了中共与上海天主教会之间的冲突。中共命令上海天主教会断绝与教宗的联系,成为一个听命于中国政府的“独立”教会。上海的许多天主教徒很快就起来抵制这些他们视为不公正的宗教政策。反抗运动中的许多“骨干分子”是年轻女信徒。本文探究了三位年轻的女天主教信徒如何应对当时中共侵权的宗教政策。她们有相似的生活背景,并都在50年代初期参与了抵制中共宗教政策的运动。但是因为中共革命介入她们生命的不同方式,她们之后的人生轨迹大相径庭。这项研究因此阐述了在中华人民共和国初期,宗教信仰、国家政权与性别之间充满张力的互动。

Affiliations: 1: Santa Clara University, pmariani@scu.edu

10.1163/22143955-00402003
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/content/journals/10.1163/22143955-00402003
2017-11-30
2018-06-23

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