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Wall Sculpturing in Vessel Elements of Juglans Species of the United States

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Wall sculpturing in the vessel elements of some Juglans species of the United States, four black walnuts (J. major, J. nigra, J. microcarpa (= J. rupestris), and J. californica) and one butternut (J. cinerea), was investigated through light and scanning electron microscopy. This feature showed various forms such as helical and reticulate thickenings, and thickening-like structures formed by coalescent pit apertures and large vessel to ray pits. Light to prominent wall sculpturing occurred regularly in black walnuts but fine and indistinctive wall sculpturing was observed rarely in butternut. Thus, vessel wall sculpturing was of some diagnostic value for separating black walnut from butternut.


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