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SECONDARY GROWTH IN THE STEM OF SOME SPECIES OF ALTERNANTHERA AND ACHYRANTHES ASPERA (AMARANTHACEAE)

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Secondary growth in Achyranthes aspera, Alternanthera polygamous, A. pungens, A. sessilis, and A. triandra was achieved by the development of a cambial variant resulting in successive rings of xylem and phloem. Each new cambium was developed at a distance about two to three cells external to the phloem produced by the previous cambium. The development of phloem was not synchronous in the species studied. Phloem development started either simultaneously with xylem or after the formation of a few xylem derivatives. In Achyranthes, xylem production started first followed by the development of phloem. Phloem mother cells differentiated into sieve tube elements, companion cells and axial parenchyma. Xylem was storied and exclusively composed of axial elements. Radial elements were absent in all the xylem rings of the stem. Vessels were angular and mostly solitary, but radial and tangential multiples were also observed occasionally. Xylem fibres were nonseptate and nucleated. Development of phloem and the rayless nature of the xylem is discussed.

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/content/journals/10.1163/22941932-90000257
2000-01-01
2016-12-05

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