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The Metabolic Status of Traumatic Gum Ducts in Moringa Oleifera Lam.

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Traumatic gum ducts develop lysigenously in the bark of Moringa oleifera Lam. as a result of injury. The phloem parenchyma cells at the locus of gum duct formation enlarge and are enriched with cytoplasm and nucleoplasm. These duct initials show higher succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) and acid phosphatase (ACPase) activities compared to the neighbouring cells. The duct initials undergo autolysis to form the duct lumen. The epithelial cells of a gum duct have various shapes and show intense staining for nucleic acids, proteins and insoluble polysaccharides as compared to the neighbouring cells. The epithelial cells are also rich in enzymes viz. SDH, ACPase and lipase. Epithelial cells show labyrinthine wall deposition. These deposits are more towards the duct lumen side than the radial wall side. The inner tangential wall of the epithelial cells facing the duct lumen appears swollen. The degenerating epithelial cells show diffuse reaction products of SDH and ACPase. Some epithelial cells accumulate phenolics and by autolysis of such cells their phenolic contents are released into the gum duct.


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