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Differentiation of Secondary Xylem After Girdling

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Under favourable growth season and by suitable technical means, regeneration and continuous growth of new bark after girdling has been observed in many trees. Differentiation of the secondary xylem varies after arteficial treatment. Thus , the authors consider that (1) under appropriate conditions most trees could be girdled on a large scale with subsequent new bark regeneration and continued growth, (2) after removal of the phloem the living cells of the secondary xylem, i.e., wood parenchyma cells, may function in transporting nutrients from the treecrown downwards, and (3) finally, after girdling or when cultured in vitro, both immature xylem and phloem can dedifferentiate into meristematic tissue that further develops vascular tissue.


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