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Life as Heroic Effort: Merab Mamardashvili’s Psychological Topology of the Way

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The object of the reflections proposed in this paper is Merab Mamardashvili’s system of thought explicated in two books: Lectures on Proust (1995) and Psychological topology of the way (1997). Both books are transcripts of lecture courses read in 1982 and 1984/85. They are devoted to the same subject and have multiple overlaps; however, they are textually quite different. The second text presents a somewhat later version of Mamardashvili’s attempts to treat the same issues in a more elaborate form. Mamardashvili’s ideas, especially ideas and views of the last decade of his life, are extremely difficult to summarize. To extract definitions from his texts is equally impossible. Nevertheless, such an attempt is made in this paper.

Affiliations: 1: Lomonosov Moscow State University, Psychology Department,


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