Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Uses of Bian2 in Southern Min (閩南語「免」bian2的用法初探)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics

The paper explores the uses of bian2 免 in Southern Min from a synchronic and diachronic perspective. It not only occurs in negative imperatives, but also in the non-finite clause in indicative sentences in Ming and Qing playscripts. Negative imperatives are used to show that the speaker requests the addressee to make preparatory actions to avoid unpleasant behavior. The construction featuring put4 bian2 不免 indicates that the speaker performs an act that does not result from an optimal choice. M7 bian2 毋免 in modern Southern Min differs drastically from put4 bian2 不免 in the Ming and Qing in that m7 毋 is a form devoid of any meaning in the former, whereas the latter involves double negation. Furthermore, bian2 in modern Southern Min either combines with other negatives like bi7 未 to yield a frozen expression reflecting the subjective attitude of the speaker, or with kong2 講 to form another freeze taking on the function of a parenthetical.本文從共時和歷時的觀點探討閩南語中「免」的用法。明清時期「免」除否定祈使式外,也用於帶非限定目的補語直陳句式中,表示說話者由於先有請求對方的準備動作,自己可以免於從事不悅的行為。「不免」句式表示說話者從事不是最佳選項的行為,現代閩南語的「毋免」和明清時期的「不免」大相逕庭,前者「免」為有形無義的語詞,後者為雙重否定。此外,現代閩南語「免」和其他否定語詞(如「未」)形成凝固語式,反映說話者的主觀看法,或和動詞「講」形成凝固語式,帶有插入語的功能。(This article is in Chinese.)

Affiliations: 1: National Tsing Hua University, cflien@mx.nthu.edu.tw ; 2: 國立清華大學 cflien@mx.nthu.edu.tw

10.1163/2405478X-00901006
/content/journals/10.1163/2405478x-00901006
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/2405478x-00901006
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Brinton Laurel,, and Traugott Elizabeth. 2005. Lexicalization and Language Change . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2. Dehé Nicole,, and Kavalova Yordanka (eds.). 2007. Parentheticals . Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
3. Green Lisa. 2002. African American English: A Linguistic Introduction . New York: Cambridge University Press.
4. Heine Bernd. 2002. "On the role of context in grammaticalization". New Reflections on Grammaticalization , ed. by Ilse Wischer and Gabriele Diewald, 83–101. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
5. Kratzer Angelika. 1995. "Stage-level and individual-level predicates". The Generic Book , ed. by Gregory N. Carlson and Francis J. Pelletier, 125–175. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
6. Labov William. 1972. "Negative attraction and negative concord in English grammar". Language Vol 48: 773818.
7. Lehmann Christian. 2005. "Pleonasm and hypercharacterization". Yearbook of Morphology , ed. by Geert Booij and Jaap van Marle, 119–154. Heidelberg: Springer.
8. Norman Jerry. 1988. Chinese . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
9. Palmer Frank R. 2003. "Modality in English: Theoretical, descriptive and typological issues". Modality in Contemporary English , ed. by Roberta Facchinetti, Manfred Krug and Frank R. Palmer, 1−17. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
10. Smith Jennifer. 2001. "Negative concord in the Old and New World: Evidence from Scotland". Language Variation and Change Vol 13:109134.
11. Traugott Elizabeth Closs,, and Dasher Richard. 2002. Regularity in Semantic Change . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
12. Vendler Zeno . 1957. "Verbs and times". The Philosophical Review Vol 66.2: 143160.
13. Zeijlstra Hedde. 2004. Sentential Negation and Negative Concord . Doctoral dissertation, University of Amsterdam.
14. 北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1995. 《漢語方音詞匯》第二版。北京:語文出版社。
15. 北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 2003. 《漢語方音字匯》第二版。北京:語文出版社。
16. 江藍生,曹廣順. 1997. 《唐五代語言詞典》。上海:上海教育出版社。
17. 吳守禮(校註). 2001a. 《明嘉靖刊荔鏡記戲文校理》。台北:從宜工作室。
18. 吳守禮(校註). 2001b. 《明萬曆刊荔枝記戲文校理》。台北:從宜工作室。
19. 吳守禮(校註). 2001c. 《清順治刊荔枝記戲文校理》。台北:從宜工作室。
20. 吳守禮(校註). 2001d. 《清光緒刊荔枝記戲文校理》。台北:從宜工作室。
21. 呂叔湘等. 1999. 《現代漢語八百詞》(增訂本)。北京:商務印書館。
22. 胡萬川總編輯,賴萬發等主編. 1995a. 《彰化縣民間文學集4:故事篇(二)》。彰化市:彰縣文化。
23. 胡萬川總編輯,賴萬發等主編. 1995b. 《彰化縣民間文學集5:故事篇(三)》。彰化市:彰縣文化。
24. 潘重規. 1994. 《敦煌變文新書》。台北:文津出版社。
25. 賴仁聲原著,李勤岸譯註. 1955 [2006].《疼你贏過thong世間》。台南:金安出版社。
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/2405478x-00901006
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/2405478x-00901006
2016-12-09
2018-01-21

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation