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Hainan Min Resultative Structures

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This paper introduces the resultative constructions in Hainan Min which have not been seriously examined in previous studies. The serial verb construction (SVC) is the main mechanism by which resultatives are expressed in Hainan Min. This special syntactic structure is examined in Hainan Min and compared to two other Chinese dialects: Taiwan Southern Min and Cantonese. I speculate that the unusual serial verb construction resultatives are associated with the preservation of a historical form and language contact. Diachronic Chinese data are given to evince that SVCs existed early in archaic Chinese. In addition, it is argued that language contact with the native language (Hlai) also contributes to the preservation of this historic remnant.本文介紹海南閩語的結果結構。這個語法結構在過去的文獻中並未清楚的描述及討論過。本研究使用的材料大多是作者田野調查後的語料。田調的結果發現,海南閩語的結果結構主要是以連動結構來表現。以連動結構來表達結果,在現代漢語中,是一種很特殊的方式。本文因此比較了相關的漢語方言:台灣閩南語及粵語。同時,還考察了古漢語的歷時語料,發現連動結果句型應是一種存古現象。除了歷史因素外,本文還主張語言接觸也影響了連動結果句型的存古。因此,本文還探討了海南島上的黎語之結果結構。(This article is in English.)

Affiliations: 1: National Cheng Kung University, ; 2: 國立成功大學


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