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Open Access The Five Falling Contours in Jianyang MinTypological Significances (建陽閩語的聲調模式:兼論五條降拱的類型學意義)

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The Five Falling Contours in Jianyang MinTypological Significances (建陽閩語的聲調模式:兼論五條降拱的類型學意義)

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This paper has confirmed five falling contours in the Jianyang variety of Northern Min, {62, 52, 54, 43, 32}, which are typologically identified as High-Falling in Rg U, High-Falling in Rg M, Slight-Falling-H, Slight-Falling-L, and Pure Low Tone. The finding of this extreme case of falling contours has enriched the universal tonal inventory by adding two falling tonotypes: High-Falling in Rg U and Slight-Falling-L.本文描寫閩北建陽話的聲調,幷從類型學角度對它們進行定位。建陽話除了一個升調、一個高短調跟一個平調外,還有五條降拱,{63, 52, 54, 43, 32} 對類型學構成很大的挑戰。在普適調型庫中它們可以確定爲四個降型調和一個純低調:上域高降型 /63/;常域高降型 /52/、高微降型 /54/、中微降型 /43/、純低調 /22/。這四個降型調的發現,對聲調類型學有三重意義:1)豐富了調型庫:原來微降只有一種,現在要增補一種;2)原來上域降調只有短降,現在要增補一種長降。3)證實了一個有五條降拱的極端例子。(This article is in Chinese.)

Affiliations: 1: The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, shenruiqings@hotmail.com ; 2: 香港科技大學 shenruiqings@hotmail.com ; 3: SPEED of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University ; 4: 香港理工大學專業進修學院 ; 5: The Open University of Hong Kong ; 6: 香港公開大學 ; 7: The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology ; 8: 香港科技大學

10.1163/2405478X-00902006
/content/journals/10.1163/2405478x-00902006
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This paper has confirmed five falling contours in the Jianyang variety of Northern Min, {62, 52, 54, 43, 32}, which are typologically identified as High-Falling in Rg U, High-Falling in Rg M, Slight-Falling-H, Slight-Falling-L, and Pure Low Tone. The finding of this extreme case of falling contours has enriched the universal tonal inventory by adding two falling tonotypes: High-Falling in Rg U and Slight-Falling-L.本文描寫閩北建陽話的聲調,幷從類型學角度對它們進行定位。建陽話除了一個升調、一個高短調跟一個平調外,還有五條降拱,{63, 52, 54, 43, 32} 對類型學構成很大的挑戰。在普適調型庫中它們可以確定爲四個降型調和一個純低調:上域高降型 /63/;常域高降型 /52/、高微降型 /54/、中微降型 /43/、純低調 /22/。這四個降型調的發現,對聲調類型學有三重意義:1)豐富了調型庫:原來微降只有一種,現在要增補一種;2)原來上域降調只有短降,現在要增補一種長降。3)證實了一個有五條降拱的極端例子。(This article is in Chinese.)

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/content/journals/10.1163/2405478x-00902006
2016-06-22
2018-05-23

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