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Open Access How Many *-s Suffixes in Old Chinese? (古漢語有多少個 -s 後綴?)

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How Many *-s Suffixes in Old Chinese? (古漢語有多少個 -s 後綴?)

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This paper presents potential cognates of the qusheng derivations in more conservative languages of the Trans-Himalayan family, in particular Rgyalrongic and Kiranti. It is suggested in particular that the valency-increasing uses of the qusheng could be related to the applicative -t suffix and that its valency-decreasing uses may be a trace of the reflexive -si suffix.本文將去聲構擬為*-s或*-t,並提出去聲別義可能與漢藏語系存古語言中的不同後綴同源,去聲的使動和應動的用法可能對應基蘭梯語的應動-t後綴,而被動和反被動的功能則可能是反身後綴-si的痕跡。(This article is in English.)

Affiliations: 1: CNRS-CRLAO-INALCO-EHESS rgyalrongskad@gmail.com ; 2: 法國國家科學研究院 rgyalrongskad@gmail.com

10.1163/2405478X-00902014
/content/journals/10.1163/2405478x-00902014
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This paper presents potential cognates of the qusheng derivations in more conservative languages of the Trans-Himalayan family, in particular Rgyalrongic and Kiranti. It is suggested in particular that the valency-increasing uses of the qusheng could be related to the applicative -t suffix and that its valency-decreasing uses may be a trace of the reflexive -si suffix.本文將去聲構擬為*-s或*-t,並提出去聲別義可能與漢藏語系存古語言中的不同後綴同源,去聲的使動和應動的用法可能對應基蘭梯語的應動-t後綴,而被動和反被動的功能則可能是反身後綴-si的痕跡。(This article is in English.)

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/content/journals/10.1163/2405478x-00902014
2016-06-22
2018-05-27

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