Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Remigration of Ethnic Chinese in Korea to the U.S. and Their Floating Ethnic Identity (在韓華僑赴美國的再移民及他們漂移的族群認同)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

This study focuses on the meiguo hanhua (美國韓華), ethnic Chinese immigrants from Korea who migrated to the U.S., and their ethnic identities, in particular, on how they evolved into meiguo hanhua, a new sub-ethnic group of Chinese, instead of identifying themselves simply as Chinese Americans. By employing the concept of a floating ethnic identity, this study illustrates the specific historical circumstances and situations in which meiguo hanhua ethnic identities were formed, molded and redefined. It especially concerns how such identities continually adopt, struggle, and negotiate within changing global environments such as the rise of the Chinese economy and the Taiwanization of the Republic of China as well as their personal concerns such as aging and emotional attachment to Shandong province, their imagined homeland. (This article is in English.)本文探討「美國韓華」這一族群認同(ethnic identities)所形成的歷史環境與背景。「美國韓華」指的是移民到美國的韓國華僑。從1975 到1985年之間,有 一萬四千名韓國華僑移民到美國,相當於旅韓華僑的三分之一。目前居住在美國的韓國出身的華僑人口有兩萬人。當他們在韓國被當地政府與社會的壓迫時,仍保持自己的華人身份。移民美國以後,主要來自山東的韓國華僑無法在美國華人既有的廣東系、福建系等的認同結構下找到位置,他們因此發展出自成一格的族群認同。這個族群認同並不是固定的,而是隨著國際環境的變化與個人經濟利益的考量,而在美國人、中國人、韓國人甚至是臺灣人這幾個不同的身份之間擺蕩。本文因此提出「漂移的族群認同」這一概念,來探討具體的環境和歷史條件如何影響他們在這些族群身份上的選擇和調整。

Affiliations: 1: Saginaw Valley State University, Michigan bahn@svsu.edu

10.1163/24522015-01001006
/content/journals/10.1163/24522015-01001006
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/24522015-01001006
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Chan Sucheng, Asian Americans: An Interpretive History. New York: Twayne Publisher, 1991.
2. Suhyŏn Chang 장수현. “"Hankuk hwakyoŭi sahoechŏk wisangkwa munhwachŏk chŏngch’esŏng”" 한국 화교의 사회적 위상과 문화적 정체성 [The social status and cultural identity of overseas Chinese in Korea], Kukche inkwŏnpŏp 국제인권법 Vol 4 (2001): 129.
3. Xi Chen 晨曦. “"Zhengqu quanyi xushensi yaolixing 爭取權益需愼思要理性 [Struggle for rights requires prudence and reason]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌30 (2011): 7.
4. Choi Sheena. Gender, Ethnicity, Market Forces, and College Choices: Observations of Ethnic Chinese in Korea, New York: Routledge, 2001.
5. Jenmao Chui 崔仁茂. Hanhuazai yuhuozhong chongsheng 韓華在浴火中重生 [The Hanhua rise again from a pool of fire]. El Monte: Bajiu Press, 2003.
6. “"Luhanhua zoutian yu Jintian 旅韓華昨天與今天 [Yesterday and today of ethnic Chinese in Korea]".” Hanhua tongxun. 1992, 9, 19.
7. Editorial. “"Hanguo libukai Zhongguo lishi yanyuan韓國離不開中國歷史淵源 [Korea cannot be apart from China’s historical origin]".” Meiguoqilu hanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌28 (2010): 39.
8. Editorial. “"Luhan huaqiao kewang huode hanguoguoji 旅韓華僑渴望獲得韓國國籍 [Chinese in Korea long for acquiring Korean citizenship]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌25 (2010): 19.
9. Soohyun Jang 장수현. “"Isanminŭi ch‘okukkasŏngkwa tach’ŭngchŏk chŏngch’esŏng: chungkuk wihaeŭi hankukhwakyoe taehan salyeyŏnku 이산민의 초국가성과 다층적 정체성:중국 위해의 한국화교에 대한 사례연구 [The multi-layered identity of transnational migrants: A case study of Korean" “overseas Chinese” in Weihai, China].” Hyŏntaechungkukyŏnku 현대중국연구11, no. 2 (2010): 263297.
10. Fengming Jia 賈鳳鳴. “"Xianhua Hanguohuaqiaode Putonghua 閒話韓國華僑的普通話 [On Standard Mandarin of Chinese in Korea]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌30 (2011): 1011.
11. Ju Bailing 鞠柏嶺. “"Guanqianjie xianhua 館前街閒話 [Gossip on the street]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌43 (2015): 59
12. Hua Jun 俊華. “"Kaizijiche zouzijilu 開自己車走自己路 [Drive your own car drive your own way]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌42 (2015): 9.
13. Jaigi Kim 김재기. “"Chunghwakyŏngchekwŏn hwakyonet‘ŭwŏk’ŭŭi pusangkwa chochikchŏk t’ŭksŏnge kwanhan yŏnku 중화경제권 화교네트워크의 부상과 조직적 특성에 관한 연구 [A Study on the emergence of overseas Chinese network in the greater Chinese economic bloc and organizational characteristic]".” Taehanchŏngch’ihakhoepo 대한정치학회보12, no.3 (2005): 167184.
14. Ch’angho Lee 이창호. “"Hankukhwakyoŭi “kwihwan”ichuwa saeloun chŏkŭng 한국화교의 “귀환"이주와 새로운 적응 [Return migration and new adaptation of Korean "overseas Chinese”]".” Hankuk munhwainlyuhak 한국문화인류학45, no. 3 (2012): 153199.
15. Ŭnhŭi Lee 이은희. “"19seki mal-20seki ch’o chosŏnkwa tongasia sŏlt’angmuyŏk 19세기 말-20세기 초 조선과 동아시아 설탕무역 [Sugar Trade between Korea and East Asian Countries during the late 19th and early 20th Centuries]”"Hankuk minchokuntongsa yŏnku 한국민족운동사연구Vol 75 (2013): 542.
16. Jun Li 力君. “"Hanhua kunan shin ide mingzi? 韓華苦難是妳的名字? [Chinese in Korea, are you suffering under your name?]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌27 (2010): 57.
17. Zoutang Li 李作堂. “"You jian Hanguo 又見韓國 [Korean at second glance]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌40 (2014): 7677.
18. Lien Pei-te, and Chen Dean,. “"The Evolution of Taiwan’s Policies towards the Political Participation of Citizens Abroad in Homeland Governance".” In Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Diaspora, edited by Tan Chee-Beng, 4258. New York: Routledge, 2013.
19. Ong Aihwa,. “"Flexible Citizenship among Chinese Cosmopolitans".” In Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling beyond the Nation, edited by Cheah Pheng, and Robbins Bruce, 134162. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998.
20. Pak Kyŏngt’ae 박경태. “"Hwakyo, ulianŭi kamch’wŏchin iut 화교, 우리안의 감춰진 이웃 [Overseas Chinese, Neighbors Hidden among us]".” Hwanghaemunhwa 황해문화Vol 47 (2005): 234248.
21. Eunkyung Park 박은경. Hankukhwakyoŭi chongchoksŏng 한국화교의 종족성 [The Ethnicity of the Chinese in Korea]. Seoul: Korean Research Center, 1986.
22. Ueda Reed. Postwar Immigrant America: A Social History. ny: Bedford Books, 1994.
23. Ŭn Chŏngt’ae 은정태, Yongkyŏng Chang, 장용경, Chunhyŏng Pak, 박준형, Munyŏng Wang 왕문영et al., Hankukhwakyoŭi saenghwalkwa chŏngch’esŏng 한국화교의 생활과 정체성 [The life and identity of Chinese in Korea]. Gwacheon: National Institute of Korean History 국사편찬위원회, 2007.
24. Unknown. “"Zhongguo jiangji guimo jinghenkuai chaoyue meiguo cheng shijiediyi”" 中國經濟規模將很快超越美國成世界第一 [The size of Chinese economy will soon take over the us becoming number one in the world], Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌38 (2014): 5960.
25. Unknown. “"Fasheng yichang zhongmei zanzheng huishi shenmeyang 發生一場中美戰争會是什麼样 [What is a possibility of war breaking out between China and the u.s.]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌38 (2014): 61
26. Unknown. “"Hanji huayi xunshou huojin 韓籍華裔先手獲金[A Chinese decedent with Korean citizenship won gold medal]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌39 (2014): 13.
27. Unknown. “"Meijilaofu huoling zhongguo luka 美籍老婦獲領中國綠卡[An old couple with us citizenship were granted a Chinese green card]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌 Vol 24 (2009): 70.
28. Unknown. “"Oubama kule 歐巴馬哭了 [Obama has cried]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌42 (2014): 18.
29. Unknown. “"Piao Jinhuide yanlei 朴槿惠眼泪 [The tear of Park Geunhye]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌40 (2014): 1011.
30. Unknown. "Wae taemanŭn taehanminkukhwakyoŭi inkwŏnŭl musihana” 왜 대만은 대한민국화교의 인권을 무시하나? [Why Taiwanese government disregards the rights of Chinese in the Republic of Korea?]".” Hankukinkwŏnsinmun 한국인권신문, July 1, 2014.
31. Unknown. “"Weishenme taoyan Hanguoren 爲什摩討厭韓國人[Why do I hate Koreans?]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌 Vol 27, (2010): 52.
32. Unknown. “"Xiandai culiang 現代粗糧 [Modern Food]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌31 (2011): 3637.
33. Unknown. “"Yantai xinjinkuang 煙臺新金鑛 [New goldmines in Yantai]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌31 (2011): 3640.
34. Unknown. “"Zhongguo gdp jiangchao Meiguo 中國gdp將超美國 [China’s gdp will overtake that of the us]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌38 (2014): 58.
35. Unknown. “"Zhongguo Tangshishi Hanguowenhua? 中國唐詩是韓國文化? [Are the Chinese poems of the Tang dynasty a part of Korean culture?]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌28 (2010): 1617.
36. Enmei Wang 왕은미. “"Mikunchŏngkiŭi hankukhwakyosahoe: mikunchŏng, chunghwaminkukchŏngpu, hankukinkwaŭi kwankyelŭl chungsimŭlo 미군정기의 한국화교사회:미군정,중화민국정부,한국인과의 관계를 중심으로 [The society of overseas Chinese in Korea from 1945–1949: relation with American military government, republic of China government and the Korean]".” Hyhe society of over 현대중국연구 7, no. Vol 1 (2005): 87132.
37. Enmei Wang 王恩美. Higashi Ajia gendaishi no naka no kankoku kakyō: Reisen taisei to sokoku ishiki 東アジア現代史のなかの韓国華僑:冷戦体制と祖国意識 [The Chinese in Korea in the modern history of East Asia: The Cold War system and their understanding of homeland]. Tōkyō: Sangensha三元社, 2008.
38. ———. “‘"Zhonghanyouhaotiaoyue’ qianding guochengzhongde ‘hanguohuaqiaowenti’「中韓友好條約」簽訂過程中的「韓國華僑問題」 (1952–1964) [“The Issue of Overseas Chinese in Korea” in the signing of the “Treaty of Amity Between Republic of China and the Republic of Korea” (1952–1964)]".” Renwenjishehuikexuejikan 人文及社會科學集刊 23, no. Vol 2 (2011): 73116.
39. Yang Pilseung 양필승. “"Hankuk hwakyoŭi onŭlkwa naeil 한국화교의 오늘과 내일 [Chinese residents in Korea: At the threshold of a new bright future]".” Kukche inkwŏnpŏp 국제인권법Vol 3 (2000): 113.
40. Jianmei Yi 衣建美. “"Xinjihanhua genzayongheng 心繫韓華 根紮永恆 [The Heart connects the Korean Chinese; the roots connect them to Eternity]".” Meiguoqilu hanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌31 (2011): 79.
41. Shangjun Yu 于尙君. “"Xianzu neng hanhua weihe buneng? 鮮族能, 韓華爲何不能 [Chaoxianzu are capable, why then are hwakyo incapable?]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌28 (2010): 2326.
42. ———. “"Hanhuaguojide sanfenrukuo? 韓華國籍的 三坌路口 [Three exits for the nationality issue of the Chinese in Korea]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌25 (2013): 2427.
43. ———. “"Renshi Dahanminguo zhangwo hanhua weilai 認識大韓民國 掌握韓華未來 [Recognize The Republic of Korean and Seize the Future for Chinese in Korea]".” Meiguo qiluhanhua zazhi 美國齊鲁韓華雜誌40 (2014): 59.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/24522015-01001006
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/24522015-01001006
2016-05-27
2018-09-19

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation