Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Transformation of a New Chinese Immigrant Community in the United States: A Case Study in Flushing, New York (美國新華人移民社區的轉型—以紐約法拉盛為探討中心)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives

Early Chinese immigrants in America centered on the Chinatown, which had fixed blocks and scope of activities. The distinguishing features of its ethnic culture and economy were formed by the ethnic Chinese immigrants who dwelt there. The Chinatown has become identified with the early Chinese immigrants and become one of the most unique residential areas for any ethnic group. Ever since the 1965 amendments to the American Immigration and Nationality Act, however, new Chinese arrivals no longer inhabit Chinatowns after they reach the United States. Without stationary blocks and scopes of activities, new Chinese immigrant communities have become enclaves accommodating multiple ethnic groups instead of one particular ethnicity. These communities are closely connected to a variety of ethnic features and have a tremendously different appearance from that of Chinatown. This transformation is still in progress and has been widely-considered by many scholars researching overseas ethnic Chinese immigrants. Flushing, in New York, is the largest Chinese immigrant community in the twenty-first century. This essay takes it as a case study to look into the evolution of Chinese immigrant communities in the United States.早期美國華人移民以唐人街為中心,它有固定的街區,一定的活動範圍。老移民住在這個範圍內,形成它鮮明的族裔文化和經濟特色,贏得了早期華人移民的認同,成為美國最具特色的族裔聚居區之一。自1965年新移民法修改後,新移民移入美國,不再以唐人街為居住區域,新華人移民社區無固定的街區,無固定的活動範圍,無單一的族裔聚集區,甚或是多族裔聚集的區域,靠著族裔特色融匯在一起,與過去的唐人街特色迥異,這種改變正在持續中,也是現今研究海外華人的學者關注的課題。本文欲藉由21世紀全球最大的華人移民社區—紐約的法拉盛(Flushing) 為例,探討美國華人移民社區的演變。 (This article is in English).

Affiliations: 1: National Chung-hsing University, Taiwan, ; 2: 國立中興大學歷史學系,台灣


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Barth Gunther. Bitter Strength: A History of the Chinese in the United States, 1850–1870 . Cambridge, ma: Harvard University Press, 1964.
2. Beck Louis. New York’s Chinatown: A Historical Presentation of Its People and Places . New York, ny: Bohemia Publishers, 1898.
3. Chen Carolyn. Getting Saved in America: Taiwanese Immigration and Religious Experience . Princeton, nj: Princeton University Press, 2008.
4. Chen Chin-yu. “"A Century of Chinese Discrimination and Exclusion in the United States, 1850–1965",” Chung-Hsing Journal of History Vol 3 (1993): 187215.
5. Chen Chin-yu. Manhattan Chinatown in New York City . Taipei: Dau Shan Published, 2001.
6. Chen Chin-yu. “"The Gold Hunters: The Picture of Chinese Life California Mining Camps during the Mid-Nineteenth Century",” Chung-Hsing Journal of History Vol 11 (December, 2001): 111151.
7. Chen Chin-yu. “"The Chinese Immigration Life and Community Institutions in San Francisco’s Chinatown",” Journal of the College of Liberal Arts Vol 23 (1993): 107125.
8. Chen Chin-yu. “"An Image of Chinese from the American Viewpoint",” Bulletin of Historical Research , National Taiwan Normal University No. 48 (December, 2012): 371402.
9. Chen Chin-yu. “"Social Structure, Adaptability and Identity of Taiwanese American Immigrants. 1980–2000",” Research of Overseas and Southeast Asian Vol 3, 3 (Summer 2003): 137.
10. Chen Hsiang-shui. Chinatown No More: Taiwan Immigrants in Contemporary New York . Ithaca, ny: Cornell University Press, 1992.
11. ins Statistical Yearbook, 1950–1990, Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1950–1990 . Washington, dc: u.s. Department of Justice, 1952–1992.
12. Kifner John. “"Immigrant Waves from Asia Bring an Underworld Ashore".” New York Times . January 6, 1991: 17.
13. Kwong Peter. Chinatown, New York: Labor and Politics, 1930–1950 . New York, ny: Monthly Review Press, 1979.
14. Lai Him Mark. Becoming American: A History of Communities and Institutions . Walnut Creek, ca: Alta Mira Press, 2004.
15. Li Peter, and Eva Xiaoling Li,. “"The Chinese Overseas Population",” in Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Diaspora . Edited by Tan Chee-Beng, 1528. London and New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2012.
16. Li Wei. Spatial Transformation of an Urban Ethnic Community from Chinatown to Chinese Ethno-burb in Los Angeles , Ph.D. dissertation, University of Southern California, 1997.
17. Lin Jan. Reconstructing Chinatown: Ethnic Enclave, Global Change . Minneapolis, mi: University of Minnesota Press, 1998.
18. Ling Huping. “"Rise of China and Its Meaning to Asian Americans",” American Review of China Studies Vol 14, 1 (Spring 2013): 123.
19. Ling Huping. “"Chicago Chinese: Transnational Migration and Entrepreneurship during the 1870s and 1930s",” Overseas Chinese History Studies No. Vol 3 (September 2013): 118.
20. Ling Huping. Chinese St. Louis: From Enclave to Cultural Community . Philadelphia, pa: Temple University Press, 2004.
21. Long Da-wei. “"From Fringe to Mainstream: New Immigrants and Chinese Economies in North America",” Overseas Chinese History Studies , No. 2 (June 2011): 18.
22. “"Market Survey Report".” Business Weekly , August 31, 2010.
23. Miller Stuart Creighton. The Unwelcome Immigrant: The American Image of the Chinese, 1785–1882 . Berkeley and Los Angeles, ca: University of California Press, 1969.
24. Ngai Mae M. “"Transnationalism and the Transformation of the ‘Other’",” American Quarterly Vol 57, 1 (March 2005): 5965.
25. Portes Alejandro, and Rumbaut Ruben G.. Immigrant America: A Portrait . Berkeley, ca: University of California Press, 1990.
26. Sung Betty Lee. The Story of the Chinese in America . New York, ny: Collier Books, 1967.
27. Tchen John Kuo-wei. “"New York Chinese: The Nineteenth-Century Pre-Chinatown Settlement."” In Chinese America: History and Perspectives, 1990 . San Francisco, ca: Chinese Historical Society of America, 1990.
28. u.s. Census Bureau, 1890–1950 of Census of Population . Washington, dc: Department of Washington, 1892–1952.
29. u.s. Census Bureau, 1930 General Report, Occupations . Washington, dc: Department of Washington, 1932, Table 6: 9597.
30. u.s. Census Bureau, 1960–2010 of Census of Population . Washington, dc: Department of Washington, 1962–2012.
31. u.s. Census Bureau, "1970 Special Report, Occupational Characteristics". Washington, dc: Department of Washington, 1972, Table 2: 1237.
32. Wacquant Loïc J.D., and Wilson William J.. “"The Cost of Racial and Class Exclusion in the Inner City",” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Vol 501 (1989): 825.
33. Waller Henry D. History of the Town Flushing, Long Island, New York . New York, ny: Nabu Press, 2010: 172184.
34. Wong Bernard P., “"Globalization and Localization of the Chinese Diaspora in the usa",” in Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Diaspora , edited by Chee-Beng Tan, 290309. London and New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2012.
35. Wu Jianxiong. Overseas Immigrant and Chinese Society . Taipei: Yun-Chen Series 48, 1990.
36. Yang Philip Q., “"From Sojourning to Settlement to Transnationalism: Transformation of the Chinese Immigrant Community in America",” in Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Diaspora , edited by Chee-Beng Tan, 122140. London and New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2012.
37. Yang Philip Q. “"Sojourners or Settlers: Post-1965 Chinese Immigrants",” Journal of Asian American Studies Vol 2, 1 (1999): 6191.
38. Zhou Min, and Logan John R., “"Return on Human Capital in Ethnic Enclaves: New York City’s Chinatown",” American Sociological Review Vol 54 (1989): 793830.
39. Zhou Min, and Lin Minggang, “"The Transformation of Chinatown in the United States",” Cultural Geography Vol 17 (2003): 115120.
40. Zhou Min. “"On Ethnic Capital: A Comparative Analysis of Chinatown and Chinese Ethnoburb in the United States",” In The Transformation of Chinese America: A Collection of Essays . Shanghai: San Lian Publishing Co., 2006: 217244.
41. Zhou Min. Chinatown: The Socioeconomic Potential of an Urban Enclave . Philadelphia, pa: Temple University Press, 1992.
42. Zhou Min. The Transformation of Chinese America: A Collection of Essays . Shanghai, China: San Lian Publishing Co., 2006.
43. Zhou Min. Contemporary Chinese America: Immigration, Ethnicity, and Community Transformation . Philadelphia, pa: Temple University Press, 2009.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation