Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Long-distance Filial Piety: Chinese Families in Australasia Caring for Elderly Parents across Borders (長距離的孝道:紐西蘭與澳洲華人家庭的跨國父母照顧)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

In this age of transnational migration, family structures and relationships are transformed as a result of family members living in two or more countries. Over the past three decades, the international migration of Chinese from East Asia to Australia and New Zealand is an example of the global phenomenon of transnationalism, where families employ bi- or multi-local strategies to meet the needs of family members at different stages of their life cycle. Despite this growing trend towards transnationalism, the care of older people in transnational settings has received little attention in studies on migration, transnationalism and care. Older members are in need of help and care when their children and other younger relatives change residence to other countries. In the case of older people who have followed their adult children to live in another country, the need for help and care can arise or increase when the health of the older migrants deteriorates, often making it necessary for other overseas family members to go between countries for the care of their elderly relatives.This paper is based on 80 in-depth interviews with Chinese families in Australia and New Zealand where adult children are providing care to their aged parents living in Taiwan, the People’s Republic of China and Hong Kong SAR. The study explores the transnational care-givers’ attitudes towards filial piety, and how filial responsibilities are performed through transnational care-giving. The findings offer insight into the ageing experience of elderly Chinese people in transnational contexts, and stimulates new thinking on broader issues of global human mobility and transnational aged care amongst contemporary Chinese families.隨著全球化與跨國移民的興起,家庭結構與家庭關係因家庭成員分散在不同國家而改變,東亞華人因為移民紐西蘭與澳洲而影響家庭結構並改變家庭關係就是一個例子。過去三十年東亞華人移民到紐西蘭及澳洲的數量大幅增加,家庭成員運用雙方或多方的在地策略,來滿足他們在不同生命階段中的需求;雖然跨國主義普遍發生於各國,但相關長者照顧的研究並未受到重視。當年輕子女離家後,年長父母隨著健康的惡化,生活協助與健康照顧的需求跟著產生,有些父母會隨著子女移往移民國,有些則留在當地由其他親友或移民子女來回奔波照顧。本研究透過深入訪談八十位居住澳洲與紐西蘭的台灣、香港及大陸移民,了解他們如何照顧居住在母國的年長父母。研究探索了跨國照顧者對孝道的看法,以及如何透過跨國照顧來盡孝道。研究結果從跨國移民脈絡中爬梳華人長者的老化經驗,擴展當代全球華人移動議題的討論視野並為跨國長者照顧議題注入新的看法。 (This article is in English).

Affiliations: 1: University of Auckland, New Zealand, e.ho@auckland.ac.nz ; 2: 紐西蘭奧克蘭大學 ; 3: National Taiwan University, Taiwan, nora@ntu.edu.tw ; 4: 國立臺灣大學

10.1163/24522015-01102006
/content/journals/10.1163/24522015-01102006
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/24522015-01102006
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Baldassar Loretta. “"Transnational Families and Aged Care: The Mobility of Care and the Migrancy of Ageing".” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies Vol 33, 2 (2007): 275297.
2. Baldassar Loretta,, Boldock Cora V.,, and Wilding Raelene. Families Caring Across Borders: Migration, Ageing and Transnational Caregiving . New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
3. Baldock Cora V. “"Migrants and Their Parents: Caregiving from a Distance."” Journal of Family Issues Vol 21, 2 (2000): 205224.
4. Bedford Richard D.,, Farmer Ruth S.J., and Trlin. Andrew D. “"The Immigration Policy Review".” 1986. New Zealand Population Review Vol 22, 1 (1987): 6998.
5. Bedford Richard D.,, Ho Elsie S.,, and Lidgard Jacqueline M.. “"Immigration Policy and New Zealand’s Development into the 21st Century: Reviews and Speculation".” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal Vol 10, 3–4 (2001): 585616.
6. Bryant Lia, and Lim Suzane. “"Australian Chinese Families Caring for Elderly Relatives".” Aging and Society (2006): 121.
7. Chappell Neena L., and Kusch Karen. “"The Gendered Nature of Filial Piety: A Study among Chinese Canadians".” Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology Vol 22, 1 (2007): 2945.
8. Chiang Lan-Hung N., “"Staying or Leaving: Taiwanese-Chinese making their Homes in New Zealand".” In Transmigration and the New Chinese: Theories and Practices from the New Zealand Experience . Edited by Ip Manying, 102139. Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong, 2011.
9. Chiang Lan-Hung N. “‘"Astronaut families’: Transnational Lives of Middle Class Taiwanese Married Women in Canada".” Social & Cultural Geography Vol 9, 5 (2008): 505518.
10. Chiang Lan-Hung N., “"Immigrant Taiwanese Women in the Process of Adapting to Life in Australia: Case Studies from Transnational Households".” In Experiences of Transnational Chinese Migrants in the Asia-Pacific , edited by Ip David,, Hibbins Raymond, and Chui Wing Hong, 6986. New York: Nova Publishers, 2006.
11. Chiang Lan-Hung N. “"Middle-class Taiwanese Immigrant Women Adapt to Life in Australia: Case Studies from Transnational Households".” Asian Journal for Women Studies Vol 10, 4 (2004): 3157.
12. Chiang Lan-Hung N., and Yang Chih-Hsiang. “"Learning to be Australian: Adaptation and Identity Formation of Young Taiwanese-Chinese Immigrants in Melbourne, Australia".” Pacific Affairs Vol 81, 2 (2008): 241258.
13. Chiang Lan-Hung N., and Hsu Jung-chung, “"Taiwanese in Australia: Two Decades of Settlement Experiences".” Geography Research Forum Vol 26 (2006): 3260.
14. Chiang-Hansiko Lenny. “"Paradise Lost: How Older Adult Taiwanese Immigrants make Decisions about their Living Arrangements".” Journal of Cultural Diversity Vol 17 (2010): 99104.
15. Da Wei W. “"Transnational Grandparenting: Child Care Arrangements among Migrants from the People’s Republic of China to Australia".” Journal of International Migration and Integration Vol 4, 1 (2003): 79103.
16. Department of Immigration and Border Protection. “"Contributory Parent Visa (subclass 143)".” https://www.border.gov.au/Trav/Visa-1/143-. Accessed April 15, 2017.
17. Derby Joanna. “"Children and Power in Mexican Transnational Families".” Journal of Marriage and Family Vol 69, 4 (2007): 10501064.
18. Glick Shiller Nina,, Basch Linda, and Blanc-Szanton. Cristina “"From Immigrant to Transmigrant: Theorizing Transnational Migration."” Anthropological Quarterly Vol 68, 1 (1995): 4863.
19. Gorfinkiel Magdalene D., and Escriva Angeles. “"Care of Older People in Migration Contexts: Local and Transnational Arrangement between Peru and Spain".” Social Politics Vol 19, 1 (2012): 129141.
20. Hay Iain. Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography (3rd ed.). Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2010.
21. Heikkinen Sari J., & Lumme-Sandt Kirsi. “"Transnational Connections of Later-life Migrants".” Journal of Aging Studies Vol 27 (2013): 198206.
22. Ho David Y. “"Filial Piety, Authoritarian Moralism, and Cognitive Conservatism in Chinese societies".” Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs Vol 120 (1994): 349365.
23. Ho Elsie S., “"Chinese ‘Astronaut’ Families in New Zealand: Evidence from Census Data".” In Chinese Overseas: Migration, Research and Documentation . Edited by Tan Chee-Beng,, Storey Colin C., and Zimmerman Julia, 119138. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 2007.
24. Ho Elsie S., “"Reluctant Exiles or Roaming Transnationals? The Hong Kong Chinese in New Zealand".” In Unfolding History, Evolving Identity: The Chinese in New Zealand . Edited by Ip Manying, 165184. Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press, 2003.
25. Ho Elsie S. “"Multi-local Residence, Transnational Networks: Chinese ‘Astronaut’ Families in New Zealand".” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal Vol 11, 1 (2002): 145164.
26. Ho Elsie S., and Chiang Lan-hung N. “"Translocal Families: The Challenges of Practicing Filial Piety through Transnational Parent Care".” Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives Vol 10, 2 (2016): 232258.
27. Ho Elsie S., and Ruth Farmer,. “"The Hong Kong Chinese in Auckland".” In Reluctant Exiles? Migration from Hong Kong and the New Overseas Chinese . Edited by Skeldon Ronald, 215234. New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.
28. Elsie S. Ho,, Lewin Joanna,, and Ip Queenie,. “"On the Move: Subsequent Migration Trajectories of Hong Kong Chinese Families to New Zealand".” In Transmigration and the New Chinese: Theories and Practices from the New Zealand Experience . Edited by Ip Manying, 138162. Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong, 2011.
29. Hondagneu-Sotelo Pierrette, and Avila Emestine. “"‘I’m Here, but I’m There’: The Meanings of Latino Transnational Motherhood".” Gender and Society Vol 11, 5 (1997): 548571.
30. Huang Shirlena, & Yeoh Brenda. “"Transnational Families and their Children’s Education: China’s ‘Study Mothers’ in Singapore".” Global Networks Vol 5, 4 (2005): 379400.
31. Inglis Christine. “"Chinese in Australia".” International Migration Review Vol 6 (1972): 266281.
32. Inglis Christine, and Wu. Chung-Tong, “"The ‘New’ Migration of Asian Skills and Capital to Australia".” In Asians in Australia: The Dynamics of Migration and Settlement . Edited by Inglis Christine,, Gunasekaran S.,, Sullivan Gerard, & Wu Chung-Tong, 193230. St Leonards, nsw: Allen and Unwin, 1992.
33. Ip David,, Hibbins Raymond, and Chui Wing Hong. Experiences of Transnational Chinese Migrants in the Asia-Pacific . New York: Nova Publishers, 2006.
34. Ip David, "Chi Wai Lui and Wing Hong Chui, “Veiled Entrapment: A Study of Social Isolation of Older Chinese Migrants in Brisbane, Queensland.”" Aging and Society Vol 27 (2007): 719738.
35. Ip Manying. Transmigration and the New Chinese: Theories and Practices from the New Zealand Experience . Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong, 2011.
36. Ip Manying. “"Returnees and Transnationals: Evolving Identities of Chinese (prc) Immigrants in New Zealand".” Journal of Population Studies Vol 33 (2006): 61102.
37. Ip Manying., “"Chinese New Zealanders: Old Settlers and New Immigrants".” In Immigration and National Identity in New Zealand: One People, Two Peoples, Many Peoples? Edited by Greif Stuart W, 161199. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Dunmore, 1995.
38. Kao Hsueh Fen,, and Stuifbergen. Alexa K. “"Family Experiences Related to the Decision to Institutionalize an Elderly Member in Taiwan: An Exploratory Study".” Social Science & Medicine Vol 49, 8 (1999): 11151123.
39. Lai Daniel W.L. “"Filial Piety, Caregiving Appraisal and Caregiving Burden."” Research on Aging Vol 32, 2 (2010): 200223.
40. Lai Daniel W.L. “"From Burden to Depressive Symptoms: The Case of Chinese-Canadian Family Caregivers for the Elderly".” Social Work in Health Care Vol 48, 4 (2009): 432449.
41. Lan Pei-chia. “"Subcontracting Filial Piety: Elderly Care in Ethnic Chinese Immigrant Families in California".” Journal of Family Issues Vol 23, 7 (2002): 812835.
42. Levitt Peggy, and Schiller. Nina Glick “"Conceptualizing Simultaneity: A Transnational Social Field Perspective on Society."” International Migration Review Vol 38, 3 (2004): 10021039.
43. W. Li, and K. Jackson, “"Chinese Migration and Families in Australia: Integration and Challenges".” In Chinese Migration and Families-At-Risk . Edited by Chan Ko Ling, 214239. Newcastle Upon Tyne, uk: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015.
44. Li Wendy W.,, Hodgetts Darren,, Ho Elsie, and Stolte Ottilie. “"From Early Confucian Texts to aged Care in China and Abroad Today: The Evolution of Filial Piety and its Implications".” Journal of us-China Public Administration Vol 7, 7 (2010): 4859.
45. Liu Sally S., “"New Zealand Case Study of prc Transnational Migration: Returnees and Trans-Tasman Migrants".” In Transmigration and the New Chinese: Theories and Practices from the New Zealand Experience . Edited by Ip Manying, 57101. Hong Kong: The University of Hong Kong, 2011.
46. Lui Chi Wai, “"Transnational Chinese Migration: An Australian Profile".” In Experiences of Transnational Chinese Migrants in the Asia-Pacific . Edited by Ip David,, Hibbins Raymond, and Chui Wing Hong, 1739. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2006.
47. Ma Laurence,. “"Space, Place and Transnationalism in the Chinese Diaspora".” In The Chinese Diaspora: Space Place, Mobility, and Identity . Edited by Ma Laurence J.C., and Cartier Carolyn L., 150. Oxford, uk: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003.
48. Brian Murphy. The Other Australia: Experiences of Migration . Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
49. New Zealand Herald. “"Failure to pay way prompts halt for parents of migrants wanting to move to nz".” October 11, 2016. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11726858. Accessed April 15, 2017.
50. Ng James. Chinese Settlement in New Zealand: Past and Present . Dunedin, New Zealand: Amity Centre Publishing Project, 2001.
51. Ng James. Windows on a Chinese Past, Volume 1: How the Cantonese Goldseekers and Their Heirs Settled in New Zealand . Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago Heritage Books, 1993.
52. Ng Anita C.Y.,, Phillips David R., and Lee. William K. “"Persistence and Challenges to Filial Piety and Informal Support of Older Persons in a Modern Chinese Society: A Case Study in Tuen Mun, Hong Kong".” Journal of Aging Studies Vol 16, 2 (2002): 135153.
53. Nuyen Anh Tuan. “"The Contemporary Relevance of the Confucian Idea of Filial Piety".” Journal of Chinese Philosophy Vol 31 (2004): 433450.
54. Parrenas Rhacel. “"Long Distance Intimacy: Class, Gender and Intergenerational Relations Between Mothers and Children in Filipino Transnational Families".” Global Networks Vol 5, 4 (2005): 317336.
55. Pe-Pua Rogelia,, Mitchell Colleen,, Iredale Robyn, and Castles Stephen. Astronaut Families and Parachute Children. The Cycle of Migration between Hong Kong and Australia . Wollongong, Australia: Centre for Multicultural Studies, University of Wollongong, 1996.
56. Salaff Janet W.,, Wong Siu-lun K.,, and Greve Arent. Hong Kong Movers and Stayers: Narratives of Family Migration . Urbana and Chicago, il: University of Illinois Press, 2010.
57. Sigad Laura, and Eisikovits Rivka A.. “"Across Borders: American Grandparents and their Israeli Grandchildren in a Transnational Reality".” Journal of Aging Studies Vol 27 (2013): 308316.
58. Skeldon Ronald. Reluctant Exiles? Migration from Hong Kong and the New Overseas Chinese . New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.
59. Skrbis Zlatko. “"Transnational Families: Theorising Migration, Emotion, and Belonging".” Journal of Intercultural Studies Vol 29, 3 (2008): 231246.
60. Smith Cary S., and Hung Li-cheng. “"The Influence of Eastern Philosophy on Elder Care by Chinese Americans: Attitudes Toward Long-Term Care".” Journal of Transcultural Nursing Vol 23 (2013): 100105.
61. Stevens Stan. “"Fieldwork as Commitment".” The Geographical Review Vol 91, 1–2 (2001): 6673.
62. Sung Kyu-Taik. “"Respect for Elders: Traditional Forms and Emerging Trends in East Asia".” Hong Kong Association of Gerontology Vol 14, 1–2 (2000): 513.
63. Sung Kyu-Taik. “"An Exploration of Actions of Filial Piety".” Journal of Aging Studies Vol 12 (1998): 369386.
64. Tsang Elaine Y.L.,, Liampuhong Pranee,, and Pierson Jane. “"The Views of Older Chinese People in Melbourne About Their Quality of Life",” Ageing & Society Vol 24 (2004): 5174.
65. Vertovec Steven. Transnationalism . New York: Routledge, 2009.
66. Waters Johanna L. “"Becoming a Father, Missing a Wife: Chinese Transnational Families and the Male Experience of Lone Parenting in Canada".” Population, Space and Place Vol 16, 1 (2010): 6374.
67. Waters Johanna L. “"Transnational Family Strategies and Education in the Contemporary Chinese Diaspora".” Global Networks Vol 5, 4 (2005): 359377.
68. Waters Johanna L. “"Flexible Families? “Astronaut” Households and the Experiences of Lone Mothers in Vancouver, British Columbia".” Social & Cultural Geography Vol 3, 2 (2002): 117134.
69. Wilding Raelene. “"‘Virtual’ Intimacies? Families Communicating Across Transnational Contexts",” Global Networks Vol 6, 2 (2006): 125142.
70. Wilding Raelene, and Baldassar Loretta. “"Transnational Family-Work Balance: Experiences of Australian Migrants Caring for Ageing Parents and Young Children Across Distance and Borders".” Journal of Family Studies Vol 15, 2 (2009): 177187.
71. Wong Anita S.K., and Ho. Elsie S., “"Transnational Childcare Among Chinese Families in New Zealand".” In Social Environment, Migration, and Health: Proceedings of the 5th International Asian and Ethnic Minority Health and Wellbeing Conference, June 27–28 . Edited by Sobrun-Maharaj Amritha,, Rossen Fiona,, Parackal Sherly,, and Nayar Shoba, 4655. Auckland: University of Auckland, 2012.
72. Wong Lloyd. “"Chinese Business Migration to Australia, Canada and the United States: Some Policy and the Global Immigration Marketplace".” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal Vol 12, 3 (2003): 301336.
73. Wong Odalia M.H., and Chau. Beatrice H.P. “"The Evolving Role of Filial Piety in Eldercare in Hong Kong".” Asian Journal of Social Science Vol 34 (2006): 600617.
74. Li Yih-yuan, and Yang Kuo-shu. Zhongguoren di xingge: keji zonghexing de taolun 李亦園、楊國樞編,中國人的性格:科際綜合性的討論 [The Character Of The Chinese: An Interdisciplinary Approach], Zhongyang yanjiuyuan minzuxue yanjiusuo zhuankan yizhong disihao 中央研究院民族學研究所專刊乙種第四號 [Academia Sinica Institute of Ethnology, Monograph series B, No. 4]. Taipei: Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica, 1974.
75. Yue Xiaodong D., and Ng Sik Hung. “"Filial Obligations and Expectations in China: Current Views from Young and Old People in Beijing".” Asian Journal of Social Psychology Vol 2, 2 (1999): 215226.
76. Zochner M. “"Care of Older Persons in Transnational Settings".” Journal of Aging Studies Vol 22, 1 (2008): 3244.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/24522015-01102006
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/24522015-01102006
2017-09-22
2018-07-16

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation