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Moving Along the Belt and Road: Implications of China’s “One Belt, One Road” Strategies on Chinese Migration (沿“一帶一路”的移動:“一帶一路”戰略對中國人口遷移影響)

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image of Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives

Along with the flows of China’s foreign direct investment following the newly implemented “One Belt, One Road” strategy by the Chinese government comes movement of state employees, entrepreneurs, workers and accompanying family members to respective countries along the Belt and Road. It is not clear how large the Chinese migration flows into these countries will be, who they will be comprised of, how the public reception of the host society will be and how well the migrants will be integrated in the destination country. Based on extant data and literature on current Chinese migration, this paper describes trends and patterns of recent Chinese migration in Africa and Asia, analyzes host country public perceptions on China, and investigates integration patterns of Chinese migrants. Given that the “One Belt, One Road” strategy was officially endorsed in 2015, it is still early to analyze its impacts on Chinese migration in the respective countries. Considering earlier Chinese overseas migration of the past decades, this paper presents potential migration and integration patterns one may expect following the Belt and Road initiative.中國政府提出的「一帶一路」戰略帶來大量的對外直接投資,隨之形成了沿「一帶一路」的人口遷移流,這些遷移人口包括雇員、企業家、勞動力及其家庭成員等。來自中國的大量遷移人口將在沿「一帶一路」國家形成怎樣的遷移格局?誰會成為這些遷移者?沿「一帶一路」國家的主流社會對這些遷移者的剬眾反應會是怎樣?遷移者怎樣才能很好地融入遷入地國家?這些問題都有待回答。根據中國當前人口遷移的相關數據和文獻,本研究分析了中國在亞洲、非洲的人口遷移趨勢和格局,以及沿“一帶一路”國家對中國的剬眾感知和中國遷移者的融入情況。由於中國官方自2015年才正式推動“一帶一路”戰略,因此這方面的研究也才剛起步。但是過去關於海外華人的研究,為未來的發展提供了可能的參考模式。 (This article is in English).

Affiliations: 1: Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/öAW and WU), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria and School of International Development, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom, ; 2: 英國東英格蘭大學


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