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Enkráteia y gobierno. El gobernante insensato de Aristipo y su aparición en Ciropedia

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The present article aims to reconstruct some political consequences of aristippean philosophy in the light of fragment FS, 570 (= SSR , IV.A.163 = Memorabilia, II.1.1–17) in order to show how Aristippus’ agreement with Socrates’ remarks fits the Cyrus composed by Xenophon in his Cyropaedia. In pursuance of this, I will review Aristippus’ ethics and will show how, despite the opposition with his hedonistic principles for a pleasureable life, Aristippus accepts that a good ruler needs to be a enkratic one—althouth he argues that pursuing any rule is senselessness. After showing how it is possible to recognice some hedonistic position in Adeimantus’ question at the beginning of Republic, IV, I will present the enkratic character of Cyrus. Finally, I will conclude pointing out the political continuities between Aristippus’ acceptance in FS, 570 and the ideal of ruler constructed by Xenophon.

Affiliations: 1: Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentine


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